Presentation on theme: "By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce."— Presentation transcript:
By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce
Calls for Reforms came from many areas Women – Minor v. Happersett (1874) citizenship doesn’t equal suffrage Farmers and working people – bimetalism; greenbacks Grange – education, social, political Temperance believers African Americans Writers Populists Middle Class citizens eventually join in as the Progressives
Gold Triumphs Over Silver 1900 Gold Standard Act confirmed the nation’s commitment to the gold standard A victory for the forces of conservatism
Why Did Populism Decline? 1. The economy experienced rapid change. 2. Race divided the Populist Party, especially in the South. 3. The Populists were not able to break existing party loyalties. 4. Most of their agenda was co-opted by the Democratic Party.
Middle class reformers who were intent on improving society by eliminating government corruption, creating more economic opportunity and correcting problems in people’s daily lives reformers
Muckrakers Lincoln Steffens – The Shame of the Cities Ida Tarbell - The History of Standard Oil
Reform!! At Last!! Government comes first City-manager system – Staunton, VA Initiative – propose laws Referendum – citizens vote on laws Recall – remove an official from office Direct primary – choose a candidate to run Secret ballot – Australian ballot Newport News Mayor McKinley Price Newport News City Manager James Bourey
Louis Brandeis a new kind of law “Brandeis Brief”- social & economic causes; juvenile justice First minority appointed to the Supreme Court
The Age of Roosevelt Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt - The Square Deal Youngest President
GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory!
Wilson Delivers Amendments to the Constitution – 16 th – income tax 17 th – direct election of Senators 18 th – Prohibition 19 th – Women’s Suffrage Clayton Antitrust Act Underwood Tariff Federal Reserve System – “bankers’ banks”
Wilson continues Keating-Owen Child Labor Law Workingmen’s Compensation Act Federal Farm Loan Act Federal Trade Commission World War I ends the movement