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By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce By: Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce

2 Calls for Reforms came from many areas Women – Minor v. Happersett (1874) citizenship doesn’t equal suffrage Farmers and working people – bimetalism; greenbacks Grange – education, social, political Temperance believers African Americans Writers Populists Middle Class citizens eventually join in as the Progressives

3 Women’s Suffrage

4 For and Against

5 The Silver Issue  Bimetalism seemed the answer to those worried about inflation- farmers, workers  Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)  Caused the Panic of 1893

6 Work changes Mandatory school laws to curb child labor shorter hours for women Unions gaining strength

7 Temperance might save the day Francis Willard and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union Carry Nation tried a different method

8 Booker T. Washington Educated at Hampton Institute Founded Tuskeegee “Atlanta Compromise” Education and accommodation Chose the course that insured survival

9 W.E.B. DuBois Disagreed with Washington on everything but education Niagra Movement Founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People – edited “The Crisis”

10 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Founded Feb. 12, 1909 60 members – only 7 black Prefers to work through legislation, court cases and political pressure

11 Ida B. Wells-Barnett anti-lynching crusader

12 Jim Crow Justice

13 Social Gospel Movement Opposite of Social Darwinism People have a Christian duty to help others YMCA, Salvation Army Jane Addams, 1 st woman to win Nobel Peace Prize

14 What is the traditional role of a third party?

15 Here Lies Prosperity

16 Coxey’s Army, 1894  Jacob Coxey & his “Army of the Commonweal of Christ.”  First March on Washington


18 William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) The “Great Commoner”

19 Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” Speech You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!

20 William McKinley (1843-1901)

21 1896 Election Results

22 Gold Triumphs Over Silver  1900  Gold Standard Act  confirmed the nation’s commitment to the gold standard  A victory for the forces of conservatism

23 Why Did Populism Decline? 1. The economy experienced rapid change. 2. Race divided the Populist Party, especially in the South. 3. The Populists were not able to break existing party loyalties. 4. Most of their agenda was co-opted by the Democratic Party.

24 Middle class reformers who were intent on improving society by eliminating government corruption, creating more economic opportunity and correcting problems in people’s daily lives reformers

25 Muckrakers Lincoln Steffens – The Shame of the Cities Ida Tarbell - The History of Standard Oil

26 Reform!! At Last!! Government comes first City-manager system – Staunton, VA Initiative – propose laws Referendum – citizens vote on laws Recall – remove an official from office Direct primary – choose a candidate to run Secret ballot – Australian ballot Newport News Mayor McKinley Price Newport News City Manager James Bourey

27 Louis Brandeis a new kind of law “Brandeis Brief”- social & economic causes; juvenile justice First minority appointed to the Supreme Court

28 The Age of Roosevelt Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt - The Square Deal Youngest President

29 Cartoonists Loved Teddy

30 The Trust Buster Hepburn Act Pure Food and Drug Act – FDA Meat Inspection Act Depts. of Commerce & Labor conservation

31 Teddy’s Choice

32 Taft has a difficult road Only President to also be Chief Justice True trust buster Appeared pro-bosses, anti- conservation, anti-tariff reform “Uncle Joe” Cannon

33 Taft as a Failure

34 Teddy Returns

35 The Election of 1912 A chance for the Democrats

36 The Stand for Suffrage

37 Election Results

38 GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory!

39 Wilson Delivers Amendments to the Constitution – 16 th – income tax 17 th – direct election of Senators 18 th – Prohibition 19 th – Women’s Suffrage Clayton Antitrust Act Underwood Tariff Federal Reserve System – “bankers’ banks”

40 Wilson continues Keating-Owen Child Labor Law Workingmen’s Compensation Act Federal Farm Loan Act Federal Trade Commission World War I ends the movement

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