Presentation on theme: "2 nd Nine Weeks QPA Review. Events Leading up to the American Revolution 2. Proclamation of 1763 1.No colonists could settle west of the Appalachian Mountains."— Presentation transcript:
Events Leading up to the American Revolution 2. Proclamation of 1763 1.No colonists could settle west of the Appalachian Mountains 3. Stamp Act 1.All goods coming in from Great Britain were taxed 4. Intolerable Acts 1.Closed Boston Harbor 2.No town meetings without permission 3.Quartering Act 1.Colonists required to house and feed British soldiers at their own expense 4.British officers found aiding colonists would be sent back to England for trial
Participants of the American Revolution Loyalists – Supported Great Britain’s rule over the colonies Patriots – Wanted independence from Great Britain
Key People of the American Revolution Elijah Clarke- great bravery during Battle of Kettle Creek Austin Dabney – Awarded land for his heroism during the Battle of Kettle Creek Nancy Hart – Shot the British soldiers she was forced to house during the Quartering Act – Only female to have a Georgia County named after her Gwinnett, Walton, and Hall – Georgians to sign the Declaration of Independence
Battles of the American Revolution Battle of Kettle Creek – Colonial (patriot) Victory – Morale Booster – Gained the patriots much needed supplies Siege of Savannah – Patriots held the countryside, but the British held Savannah – Patriots failed to take Savannah during this attack
First Governing Documents after the American Revolution Georgia Constitution of 1777 – Pros: three separate branches – Cons: Governor had very little power Articles of Confederation First national governing document after American Rev – Pros: Unified the states – Cons: Weak national government
Conventions Constitutional Convention of 1787 – Few and Baldwin attended – Goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation
Georgia’s Development University of Georgia – First land grant university Land was given by federal government Religion – Methodist and Baptist denominations spread rapidly during the colonial period
Land Policies Headright System – Distributed Indian lands to new settlers Land Lotteries – Just for being a white male and a war veteran, acres were given away by the GOVT to new settlers Yazoo Land Fraud – 4 companies bribed the govt/legislature to sell the 4 companies Indian lands for dirt cheap.
Cherokee Capital- New Echota, GA Cotton Gin- – led the South to be dependent on cotton for their economy McIntosh- – Signed away last of Creek land and was executed as a result. Dahlonega Gold Rush- – led to the first removal of Indians Trails of Tears – Forced removal of Indians from GA
Ch. 15: Events Leading up to the Civil War 1.Slavery 1.Required to pick cotton which was the basis of the southern economy 2.States’ Rights- National govt had no right to tell the states what to do. 3.Nullification- North taxed South’s cotton to increase money coming into the North 4.Missouri Compromise- Maintained balance of free and slave states by admitting one each every time 5.Compromise of 1850- California was added as a free state since North agreed to adhere to the Fugitive Slave Act (all runaway slaves must be returned to their owners in the south) 6.Dred Scott Case- Scott sued federal govt for freedom after having lived in the North for 10 years. Supreme Court said he didn’t have the right to sue because he wasn’t actually a citizen since he was a black man. 7.Election of 1860- Abe Lincoln was elected president. 8.Debate of Georgia Secession- centered around the issue of slavery and cotton economy 9.Alexander Stephens- Georgian that became the first VP of the CSA
Ch. 16: Civil War Battle of Antietam- single bloodiest ONE DAY battle Emancipation Proclamation- freed confederate slaves since the Confederacy failed to agree to the proclamation Battle of Gettysburg- Considered the turning point of the Civil War Battle of Chickamauga- First Civil War battle in Georgia Union Blockade- AKA “The Anaconda Plan” – Kept the South from trading for much needed war supplies Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign – Goal was to take control of the South’s major railroad hub Sherman’s March to the Sea – Destroyed Georgia’s key capital resources between Atlanta and Savannah Factories, major businesses – Goal was to destroy morale and force the South to capitulate Andersonville- Confederate prison camp for Union soldiers – Grossly over populated which caused severe disease and death
Ch. 17-19: Reconstruction Freedmen’s Bureau – Organization created to help slaves transition to freedom Sharecropping – Don’t own any equipment or animals, but use landowner’s in return for land to work on and give portion of crops to landowner in return Tenant Farming – Own equipment and animals but not the land. Give portion of crops to landowners in payment. Reconstruction Plans – Presidential Reconstruction (Lincoln’s Plan)- all southerners would be pardoned if they took an oath of allegiance to the U.S. except high ranking Confederate officers. Once 10% of citizens pledged the oath, the state would be readmitted into the Union. – Congressional Reconstruction- The South was placed under Congressional control and states would not be readmitted to the union unless they passed and enforced the 14 th amendment.
Reconstruction Constitutional Amendments: – 13 th Amendment: Abolished Slavery – 14 th Amendment: Made all black men equal citizens – 15 th Amendment: Black men gained the right to vote Henry McNeal Turner- 1 st AA to serve in state legislature
1877-1918 Bourbon Triumvirate- goal was to strengthen GA’s economy Henry Grady- favored increasing industrialization by using local resources – Goods, crops, etc County Unit System- ruled that it was unconstitutional bc it made one man’s vote count more than another man’s vote Jim Crow Laws- created to enforce segregation Disenfranchisement- laws created to keep black citizens from their full rights as granted them under the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th amendments – Poll tax, white only voting primaries, Voting Rights Act, etc. Book T. Washington- Created the Tuskegee Institute Alonzo Herndon – Multiracial – Began the largest AA owned business in America – Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company