Presentation on theme: "Tour operator liability for accidents A comparison of Austrian, German and UK cases Michael Wukoschitz Austria."— Presentation transcript:
Tour operator liability for accidents A comparison of Austrian, German and UK cases Michael Wukoschitz Austria
Regulation 90/134/EC Article 5 1. Member States shall take the necessary steps to ensure that the organizer and/or retailer party to the contract is liable to the consumer for the proper performance of the obligations arising from the contract, irrespective of whether such obligations are to be performed by that organizer and/or retailer or by other suppliers of services without prejudice to the right of the organizer and/or retailer to pursue those other suppliers of services..
2. With regard to the damage resulting for the consumer from the failure to perform or the improper performance of the contract, Member States shall take the necessary steps to ensure that the organizer and/or retailer is/are liable unless such failure to perform or improper performance is attributable neither to any fault of theirs nor to that of another supplier of services, because: - the failures which occur in the performance of the contract are attributable to the consumer, - such failures are attributable to a third party unconnected with the provision of the services contracted for, and are unforeseeable or unavoidable, - such failures are due to a case of force majeure such as that defined in Article 4 (6), second subparagraph (ii), or to an event which the organizer and/or retailer or the supplier of services, even with all due care, could not foresee or forestall.
Major Problems applicable standards duty of care v. personal responsibility local trips
Austria 5 Ob 108/05a – hotel stair 4 Ob 211/07v - glass door HG Wien 1 R 18/03 - parasol
Germany X ZR 142/05 – water slide X ZR 44/04 – glass door OLG Karlsruhe 7 U 73/06 – bunk bed
UK Brown v. Mytravel – plastic bag on hotel corridor McCormick v. Mytravel – glass door Drabble v. Sunstar Leisure – glass partition
Duty of care v. personal responsibility
Austria 6 Ob 253/99w – Melk case 6 Ob 164/05v – candle lit trail
Germany OLG Düsseldorf I-12 U 49/04 – water polo LG Duisburg 4 O 228/04 – wet floor
UK Potter v. TUI UK Ltd – tennis court Evans v. Kosmar Village Holidays – pool diving
Austria 7 Ob 524/93 – Jeep-Safari HG Wien 1 R 603/99v – city tour
Germany LG Frankfurt/Main 2-19 O 516/03 – Safari Trip LG Frankfurt/Main 2/24 S 218/08 – Vulcano Trip