2A little history...Día de los Muertos or Day of the Dead is over 3,000 years old ritual.This ritual is practiced in Mexico, Ecuador, Guatemala, other parts of Central and South America as well as some parts of the USA.It is a celebration to honor your deceased relatives.Native people of Mexico did NOT view death as the end of life, they viewed it as the continuation of life. To them, life was a dream and only in death did they become truly awake.
3More factsNovember 2nd is the official date for Day of the Dead, although it is celebrated between October 31st and November 2nd.This holiday is believed to "welcome the souls of the dead." The souls are said to return each year to enjoy the pleasures that they once had in life.
4Paper Cut-out by Carmen Lopez Garza Day of the Dead ArtPaper Cut-out by Carmen Lopez GarzaAztec Altar
7The Altar or OfrendaThe celebration of El Dia de los Muertos varies from region to region but one common feature is the construction of an altar.Traditionally, one altar is set up for each loved one.There are folktales believed and told that say the dead spirits will get revenge on the living if they get poor treatment during these days each year. Leaving nothing (or inferior gifts) on the altar causes the spirits to be angry or sad.
8Typically, each altar consists of: MarigoldsTheir distinct smell and vibrant color help guide the spirit homeSometimes paths of marigold petals are scattered by the family from the cemetery to the door of the house.
10More "Ofrendas" (offerings) Pictures of the deceased personReligious artifactsFavorite foods, drinks, candiesThings the person enjoyed while on earthToysMore flowersFruitBright colored paper flowers or cut-outs
11A common Dia de los Muertos motif, especially those made of sugar Calaveras or SkullsA common Dia de los Muertos motif, especially those made of sugar
12Sugar Skulls (continued) These skulls are decorated with flowers and scrolls of colored icing and metallic colored foils.The skulls, bearing the names of the returning souls, are used in the ofrenda or altar.They can also be given to living children as treats and exchanged by sweethearts.The consumption of the skulls by the living is done to associate pleasant sensations with the sadness of death.Sugar Skulls (continued)
13CandlesIt is believed that the candle light, as well as the scents of the marigold flowers and the copal incense, help the returning souls find their way
23SymmetryA design (or composition) with identical or nearly identical form on opposite sides of a dividing line or central axis
24Your Papel PicadoCreate 5 thumbnail sketches of objects you want include.Use some of the Day of the Dead traditional imageryYou must create at least 3 final banners
25Your Papel Picado continued 1 is done with NO folding1 is done folded in half: with one dividing line1 is done folded in four: with three dividing lines
26Hello Papier Mâché Means “chewed paper” in French. Consists of paper stuck together using a wet paste.Although it sounds French, papier mâché actually originated in China
27The humble origins…China used papier mache to make helmets of all things, which they toughened by many layers of lacquer. Examples have been found dating back to the Han Dynasty (BC 202 – AD 220).From China, the interest in papier mache spread to Japan and Persia, where it was used in mask making and festival activities.The Russians used papier mache to make their famous dolls.Europe (mainly France & England) did not start using papier mache until the 1600’s.Now, papier mache is used all over the world for all sorts of things….mostly crafts and theater.
32Bread & Puppet Theatre was founded in 1963 by Peter Schumann on New York City’s Lower East Side. More complex theatre pieces, in which sculpture, music, dance and language were equal. During the Vietnam War, Bread & Puppet staged block-long precessions involving hundreds of people. In 1970 Bread & Puppet moved to Vermont. Bread & Puppet is one of the oldest, non-profit, self-supporting theatrical companies in this country.
37How do I start?Step 1: Create a base for by putting 4 layers of papier mache on 1 big balloon & 1 small balloon.Step 2: Cut a portion off the bottom of your balloon to create a base.Step 3: Cut out holes for the eyes and cut your small balloon in half.Step 4: Use masking tape to attach your eye sockets and then papier mache them on.Step 5: Add dimension to the balloon form.Step 6: Make sure all areas have at least 4 layers of papier macheStep 7: Add the paper towel layer.Step 8: Paint :)
38Your Papier Mâché Skull Close to life sizeHas interesting dimensionIs unique & original whether in form or surface treatment or both.