2el 12 de octubre Known as: Columbus Day-- United States Día de la Raza-- many countries of L.A.Discovery Day--the BahamasDía de la Hispanidad (Fiesta Nacional)-- SpainDía de las Américas-- UruguayDía de las Culturas--Costa RicaDía de la Resistencia Indígena--Venezuela
3The History Celebrated since late 1800s, officially since early 1900. The Irish established St Pat’s DayItalians want to celebrate 400th anniversary of discovery
4Why celebrate Columbus Day? Courage and navigational skillsFirst to bring real contact between the new & old worldsProvide way of escape from European tyrannyTransformed & enlarged worldShaped world history
5Why celebrate Día de la Raza? • Celebrates the many races present in Latino heritage• Gives recognition to all ethnic groups & cultural heritage• Fusion of cultures seen as positive• Praise the uniqueness of the mestizo race
6How to celebrate? Government offices & some businesses close. Military parades in Spain.Cultural festivals, fairs, performancesEvents to highlight Hispanic contributions to worldNYC has largest Columbus Day parade in U.S.
7Names tell us something Columbus Day (U.S.)Día de la Raza (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, Honduras…)Día de las Culturas (C.R.)Discovery Day (Bahamas)Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Venezuela)
8The Controversy When natives befriend, Europeans conquer Goal to gain wealth and impose cultureViolence, subjugation, slavery“Most villainous day there could ever be in America.” (Mexican historian)
9Results of Controversy More attention paid to plight of indigenous peopleImproved working and living conditionsRecognition of contributions of indigenous groupsOfficial recognition of various languagesSome places no longer recognize the holiday.