2 el 12 de octubre Known as: Columbus Day-- United States Día de la Raza-- many countries of L.A.Discovery Day--the BahamasDía de la Hispanidad (Fiesta Nacional)-- SpainDía de las Américas-- UruguayDía de las Culturas--Costa RicaDía de la Resistencia Indígena--Venezuela
3 The History Celebrated since late 1800s, officially since early 1900. The Irish established St Pat’s DayItalians want to celebrate 400th anniversary of discovery
4 Why celebrate Columbus Day? Courage and navigational skillsFirst to bring real contact between the new & old worldsProvide way of escape from European tyrannyTransformed & enlarged worldShaped world history
5 Why celebrate Día de la Raza? • Celebrates the many races present in Latino heritage• Gives recognition to all ethnic groups & cultural heritage• Fusion of cultures seen as positive• Praise the uniqueness of the mestizo race
6 How to celebrate? Government offices & some businesses close. Military parades in Spain.Cultural festivals, fairs, performancesEvents to highlight Hispanic contributions to worldNYC has largest Columbus Day parade in U.S.
7 Names tell us something Columbus Day (U.S.)Día de la Raza (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, Honduras…)Día de las Culturas (C.R.)Discovery Day (Bahamas)Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Venezuela)
8 The Controversy When natives befriend, Europeans conquer Goal to gain wealth and impose cultureViolence, subjugation, slavery“Most villainous day there could ever be in America.” (Mexican historian)
9 Results of Controversy More attention paid to plight of indigenous peopleImproved working and living conditionsRecognition of contributions of indigenous groupsOfficial recognition of various languagesSome places no longer recognize the holiday.