Presentation on theme: "Asia in Transition CHAPTER 17 Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties"— Presentation transcript:
1Asia in Transition CHAPTER 17 Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties 4/6/2017CHAPTER 17Asia in TransitionSection 1: The Ming and Qing DynastiesSection 2: China and EuropeansSection 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan
2The Ming and Qing Dynasties CHAPTER 174/6/2017Section 1:The Ming and Qing DynastiesObjectives:Explain why the Chinese showed little interest in overseas trade during the Ming dynasty.Describe how the Qing dynasty came to rule China.Discuss changes that occurred in the Chinese economy under Qing rule.Analyze reasons for the decline of the Qing dynasty.
3The Ming and Qing Dynasties Section 1:The Ming and Qing DynastiesMing Foreign PolicyAttitudes toward trade – wanted to be self-sufficient; refused to rely on foreign tradeThe northern frontier – strengthened Great Wall of China; chose frontier defense over trade and sea travel
4Founding the Qing Dynasty Section 1:The Ming and Qing DynastiesFounding the Qing DynastyNurhachi unified tribes into ManchuAdopted Chinese cultureKept Manchu people separate and distinct from Chinese
5Economy, Culture, and Society Section 1:The Ming and Qing DynastiesEconomy, Culture, and SocietyEconomy – trade and manufacturing specialization grewPopular culture and society – novels and plays in everyday language; family was center of society
6Decline of the Qing Dynasty Section 1:The Ming and Qing DynastiesDecline of the Qing DynastyPopulation growthGovernment inefficiency and increases in taxesWhite Lotus Rebellion
7China and Europeans Objectives: Section 2: Characterize early contact between Portugal and China.Explain why China and Great Britain went to war in the mid-1800s.Describe how internal rebellions contributed to the decline of the Qing dynasty.
8China and Europeans The Portuguese Section 2: Trade ties with China Jesuit missionaries helped emperors revise calendar, gained great power with imperial courtQing rulers became suspicious, fearful of Jesuits’ intentions
9China and Europeans The British Section 2: Free trade ideas – Great Britain abolished British East India Company’s monopoly on trade with ChinaThe opium trade – Chinese demand for cotton didn’t match British demand for tea; British India exported opium to China, which caused trade imbalanceThe Opium War – Chinese tried to forcibly stop opium trade; Hong Kong went to British ruleMore concessions – unequal treaties with France and United States, foreign embassies in Beijing
10China and Europeans Rebellions Section 2: Taiping Rebellion – caused terrible destructionChristian and Muslim teachings motivated more revolts
11The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in JapanObjectives:Explain how the Tokugawa shogunate came to power.Discuss why Japan’s rulers sought to isolate their nation from foreign influence.Identify characteristics of society and culture under the Tokugawa shogunate.Describe how Japanese isolation was brought to an end.
12Founding the Tokugawa Shogunate Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in JapanFounding the Tokugawa ShogunateOda Nobunaga – conquests and alliancesToyotomi Hideyoshi – sword hunts kept peasants from becoming warriorsTokugawa Ieyasa – crushed rivalsTokugawa rule – combination of feudalism and central monarchy
13The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in JapanForeign ContactThe Portuguese in Japan – Christian missionaries, JesuitsClosing the country – saw Christianity and Western technology as threats to Tokugawa rule and to Japanese traditions and values
14The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in JapanLife in Takugawa JapanSocial classes – Confucian ideal; class was determined by birthChange and culture – internal trade expanded, artisans and merchants prospered, new forms of art, literature, theater
15The End of Japan’s Isolation Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in JapanThe End of Japan’s IsolationMatthew PerryTreaty of Kanagawa – similar treaties with Great Britain, Netherlands, Russia