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HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Asia in Transition Section 1:The Ming and Qing Dynasties Section 2:China.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Asia in Transition Section 1:The Ming and Qing Dynasties Section 2:China."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Asia in Transition Section 1:The Ming and Qing Dynasties Section 2:China and Europeans Section 3:The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan CHAPTER 17

2 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives: Explain why the Chinese showed little interest in overseas trade during the Ming dynasty. Explain why the Chinese showed little interest in overseas trade during the Ming dynasty. Describe how the Qing dynasty came to rule China. Describe how the Qing dynasty came to rule China. Discuss changes that occurred in the Chinese economy under Qing rule. Discuss changes that occurred in the Chinese economy under Qing rule. Analyze reasons for the decline of the Qing dynasty. Analyze reasons for the decline of the Qing dynasty. Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties

3 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Ming Foreign Policy Attitudes toward trade – wanted to be self- sufficient; refused to rely on foreign trade Attitudes toward trade – wanted to be self- sufficient; refused to rely on foreign trade The northern frontier – strengthened Great Wall of China; chose frontier defense over trade and sea travel The northern frontier – strengthened Great Wall of China; chose frontier defense over trade and sea travel Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties

4 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Founding the Qing Dynasty Nurhachi unified tribes into Manchu Nurhachi unified tribes into Manchu Adopted Chinese culture Adopted Chinese culture Kept Manchu people separate and distinct from Chinese Kept Manchu people separate and distinct from Chinese Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties

5 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Economy, Culture, and Society Economy – trade and manufacturing specialization grew Economy – trade and manufacturing specialization grew Popular culture and society – novels and plays in everyday language; family was center of society Popular culture and society – novels and plays in everyday language; family was center of society Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties

6 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Decline of the Qing Dynasty Population growth Population growth Government inefficiency and increases in taxes Government inefficiency and increases in taxes White Lotus Rebellion White Lotus Rebellion Section 1: The Ming and Qing Dynasties

7 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Objectives: Characterize early contact between Portugal and China. Characterize early contact between Portugal and China. Explain why China and Great Britain went to war in the mid-1800s. Explain why China and Great Britain went to war in the mid-1800s. Describe how internal rebellions contributed to the decline of the Qing dynasty. Describe how internal rebellions contributed to the decline of the Qing dynasty. Section 2: China and Europeans

8 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 The Portuguese Trade ties with China Trade ties with China Jesuit missionaries helped emperors revise calendar, gained great power with imperial court Jesuit missionaries helped emperors revise calendar, gained great power with imperial court Qing rulers became suspicious, fearful of Jesuits’ intentions Qing rulers became suspicious, fearful of Jesuits’ intentions Section 2: China and Europeans

9 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 The British Free trade ideas – Great Britain abolished British East India Company’s monopoly on trade with China Free trade ideas – Great Britain abolished British East India Company’s monopoly on trade with China The opium trade – Chinese demand for cotton didn’t match British demand for tea; British India exported opium to China, which caused trade imbalance The opium trade – Chinese demand for cotton didn’t match British demand for tea; British India exported opium to China, which caused trade imbalance The Opium War – Chinese tried to forcibly stop opium trade; Hong Kong went to British rule The Opium War – Chinese tried to forcibly stop opium trade; Hong Kong went to British rule More concessions – unequal treaties with France and United States, foreign embassies in Beijing More concessions – unequal treaties with France and United States, foreign embassies in Beijing Section 2: China and Europeans

10 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Rebellions Taiping Rebellion – caused terrible destruction Taiping Rebellion – caused terrible destruction Christian and Muslim teachings motivated more revolts Christian and Muslim teachings motivated more revolts Section 2: China and Europeans

11 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 Objectives: Explain how the Tokugawa shogunate came to power. Explain how the Tokugawa shogunate came to power. Discuss why Japan’s rulers sought to isolate their nation from foreign influence. Discuss why Japan’s rulers sought to isolate their nation from foreign influence. Identify characteristics of society and culture under the Tokugawa shogunate. Identify characteristics of society and culture under the Tokugawa shogunate. Describe how Japanese isolation was brought to an end. Describe how Japanese isolation was brought to an end. Section 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan

12 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Founding the Tokugawa Shogunate Oda Nobunaga – conquests and alliances Oda Nobunaga – conquests and alliances Toyotomi Hideyoshi – sword hunts kept peasants from becoming warriors Toyotomi Hideyoshi – sword hunts kept peasants from becoming warriors Tokugawa Ieyasa – crushed rivals Tokugawa Ieyasa – crushed rivals Tokugawa rule – combination of feudalism and central monarchy Tokugawa rule – combination of feudalism and central monarchy Section 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan

13 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 Foreign Contact The Portuguese in Japan – Christian missionaries, Jesuits The Portuguese in Japan – Christian missionaries, Jesuits Closing the country – saw Christianity and Western technology as threats to Tokugawa rule and to Japanese traditions and values Closing the country – saw Christianity and Western technology as threats to Tokugawa rule and to Japanese traditions and values Section 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan

14 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 Life in Takugawa Japan Social classes – Confucian ideal; class was determined by birth Social classes – Confucian ideal; class was determined by birth Change and culture – internal trade expanded, artisans and merchants prospered, new forms of art, literature, theater Change and culture – internal trade expanded, artisans and merchants prospered, new forms of art, literature, theater Section 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan

15 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 15 The End of Japan’s Isolation Matthew Perry Matthew Perry Treaty of Kanagawa – similar treaties with Great Britain, Netherlands, Russia Treaty of Kanagawa – similar treaties with Great Britain, Netherlands, Russia Section 3: The Tokugawa Shoguns in Japan


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