Presentation on theme: "World War I and the Russian Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1World War I and the Russian Revolution CHAPTER 274/6/2017CHAPTER 27World War I and the Russian RevolutionSection 1: Setting the Stage for WarSection 2: World War I: A New Kind of WarSection 3: The Russian RevolutionSection 4: The Terms of PeaceSection 5: Creating a “New” Europe
2Setting the Stage for War Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarObjectives:Explain why rivalries increased among European nations.Identify the military alliances that existed at the beginning of World War I and explain how they changed by late 1915.Explain why the Balkans were a “powder keg.”
3Nationalism, Imperialism, and Militarism Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarNationalism, Imperialism, and MilitarismEuropeans leaders thought their goals could only be achieved by force
4The System of Alliances Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarThe System of AlliancesThe Triple Alliance – Italy, Germany, and Austria-HungaryThe Triple Entente – France, Russia, and Great Britain
5The Balkan “Powder Keg” Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarThe Balkan “Powder Keg”Provided outlet to the seaPan-Slavism
6Mobilization of Europe Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarMobilization of EuropeRussia supported SerbiaGermany disregarded Belgian neutrality
7Setting the Stage for War Section 1:Setting the Stage for WarThe War ExpandsJapan joined Great Britain and FranceItaly signed secret treaty with Great Britain, France and Russia for share of spoilsOttoman Empire and Bulgaria joined Austria-Hungary and Germany
8World War I: A New Kind of War Section 2:World War I: A New Kind of WarObjectives:Identify the advantages that each side had in World War I.Explain how new technology affected the way in which World War I was fought.Explain what led the United States to join the Allied Powers.
9World War I: A New Kind of War Section 2:World War I: A New Kind of WarThe BelligerentsCentral Powers had more rapid communications and movement, and better armyAllied Powers had more soldiers, better industry, and better navy
10Innovations in Warfare Section 2:World War I: A New Kind of WarInnovations in WarfareMachine gunU-boatPoison gas airplaneTank
11World War I: A New Kind of War Section 2:World War I: A New Kind of WarEarly Years of the WarFighting on GallipoliNaval warfareThe stalemate – a war of attrition
12The United States and World War I Section 2:World War I: A New Kind of WarThe United States and World War IContrabandPropaganda about German atrocitiesDemocratic ideals
13The Russian Revolution Section 3:The Russian RevolutionObjectives:Identify the events that led to the Russian Revolution.Explain how the Communists came to power.Explain how Russia’s revolution affected its participation in World War I.
14The Russian Revolution Section 3:The Russian RevolutionRussia in World War IPovertySuppression of democracyWeak Duma
15Lenin and the Bolsheviks Section 3:The Russian RevolutionLenin and the BolsheviksAppealed to the poor Russian massesFormed basis of communism
16The Russian Revolution Section 3:The Russian RevolutionPeace and Civil WarLenin signed peace treaty with Central PowersCommunists fought socialist opposition
17The Terms of Peace Objectives: Section 4: Define the Fourteen Points. Explain how the war ended.Identify the disagreements that the peacemakers faced.
18The Terms of Peace The Fourteen Points Section 4: Six general points to ensure a just and safer worldEight points dealt with specific regions and countries
19Defeat of the Central Powers Section 4:The Terms of PeaceDefeat of the Central PowersArrival of American troopsRevolution in Austria-Hungary
20The Paris Peace Conference Section 4:The Terms of PeaceThe Paris Peace ConferenceProblems facing the peacemakers – some countries were excluded; territorial conflictsReparations and peacekeeping – Allies wanted Germany to pay; League of Nations
21The Terms of Peace What Kind of Peace? Section 4: Paris Peace Conference – conflicting viewpointsUnited States wanted fair settlementMany Allies wanted to punish Germany and break it up into regions occupied by Allied forces
22Creating a “New” Europe Section 5:Creating a “New” EuropeObjectives:Identify the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.Explain how territories were redivided after the war.Explain how the League of Nations was structured.
23The Treaty of Versailles Section 5:Creating a “New” EuropeThe Treaty of VersaillesNo draftMaximum of 100,000 menNo heavy artillery, military planes, or submarines
24Fates of Former Territories Section 5:Creating a “New” EuropeFates of Former TerritoriesEthnic populationsBulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and Russia
25Creating a “New” Europe Section 5:Creating a “New” EuropeThe League of NationsOrganization – assembly, council, secretariat, World CourtMandates – colonies of defeated powers ruled by “advanced” governmentsThe start of the League – 42 member nations grew to 59 by the 1940s