Presentation on theme: "World War II CHAPTER 30 Section 1: Threats to World Peace"— Presentation transcript:
1World War II CHAPTER 30 Section 1: Threats to World Peace 4/6/2017CHAPTER 30World War IISection 1: Threats to World PeaceSection 2: Hitler’s AggressionsSection 3: Axis GainsSection 4: The Soviet Union and the United StatesSection 5: The HolocaustSection 6: The End of the War
2Threats to World Peace Objectives: Section 1: Analyze why Japan and Italy were able to carry out aggressive territorial policies in the 1930s.Explain why the League of Nations was unable to stop international aggression.Describe how Spain’s civil war led to a fascist dictatorship there.
3Japanese Aggression in Asia Section 1:Threats to World PeaceJapanese Aggression in AsiaLeague of Nations didn’t protect China
4Italy’s Conquest of Ethiopia Section 1:Threats to World PeaceItaly’s Conquest of EthiopiaLeague of Nations couldn’t protect Ethiopia since it had no armed forcesNo major powers were willing to enforce League’s sanctions
5Threats to World Peace Civil War in Spain Section 1: Nationalists versus Loyalists – Nationalists were led by Franco; Republicans were LoyalistsForeign assistance to Spain – antifascist countries supported Nationalists and defeated Loyalists; Franco created dictatorship
6Hitler’s Aggressions Objectives: Section 2: Explain how Hitler took over Austria and Czechoslovakia.Discuss how and why Great Britain and France attempted to avoid another war.Describe how Great Britain and France prepared for war.Discuss why Hitler and Stalin created the Nazi-Soviet Pact, and how Western nations responded to Hitler’s invasion of Poland.
7Austria and Czechoslovakia Section 2:Hitler’s AggressionsAustria and CzechoslovakiaAnnexing Austria – Hitler invaded and declared Austria part of Third ReichCrisis in the Sudetenland – Czechoslovakia declared martial law in response to riotsAppeasement – British and French leaders accepted Hitler’s demands to avoid conflict
8Hitler’s Aggressions Preparations for War Section 2: Negotiating with Stalin – Great Britain and France tried to make alliance with SovietsThe Nazi-Soviet Pact – stated that Germany and Soviet Union would never attack each other; secretly agreed to divide eastern EuropeDanzig and the Polish Corridor – Hitler invaded Poland to gain control of Danzig and Polish Corridor, in response Great Britain and France declared war on Germany
9Axis Gains Objectives: Section 3: Explain how German control of Norway, Denmark, and the Low Countries benefited Hitler.Describe the success of German forces in France.Identify the Battle of Britain and the reasons the Germans could not win it.Describe the role of the United States at the beginning of the war and how that role changed.
10Axis Gains The “Phony War” Section 3: Scandinavia and the Low Countries – Germany could outflank France’s Maginot LineEvacuation of Dunkerque – Allied troops escaped with help from British air force
11Axis Gains The Fall of France Section 3: The French Resistance – German forces occupied France, collaborated with Vichy government
12Axis Gains The Battle of Britain Section 3: Air attacks on military sites, railroads, civilian and industrial targetsRoyal Air Force flew night and day, used radar to identify enemy aircraft and ships
13United States Involvement Section 3:Axis GainsUnited States InvolvementNeutrality Acts – United States wished to stay neutralLend-Lease Act – allowed United States to supply war materials to Great Britain on credit
14Axis Gains The Atlantic Charter Section 3: United States fought against German submarinesUnited States protected ships in western Atlantic
15The Soviet Union and the United States Section 4:The Soviet Union and the United StatesObjectives:Identify the steps the Axis Powers took to gain control of eastern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.Describe how Germany planned to gain control of the Soviet Union and evaluate the Soviets’ defense.Explain how Japan’s goals in the Pacific led to war with Britain and the United States.
16Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Section 4:The Soviet Union and the United StatesEastern Europe and the MediterraneanMussolini invaded Egypt and Greece, but was driven out by BritishGermany took Yugoslavia, Greece, CreteRommel controlled Libya
17Germany’s Attack on the Soviet Union Section 4:The Soviet Union and the United StatesGermany’s Attack on the Soviet UnionGermany invaded Soviet Union, marched into StalingradThe Soviet defense – scorched-earth methods and guerrilla attacks
18Japanese Aggressions in the Pacific Section 4:The Soviet Union and the United StatesJapanese Aggressions in the PacificJapan pushed farther into China, cut off British sea routeJapan formed alliance with Germany and ItalyUnited States placed embargo on oil and scrap iron
19American Entry into the War Section 4:The Soviet Union and the United StatesAmerican Entry into the WarJapan’s expansion in Southeast Asia and the Pacific threatened United States and British interests
20The Holocaust Objectives: Section 5: Explain how the Final Solution was developed.Describe conditions in the concentration camps.Identify ways different people resisted the Holocaust.
21The Holocaust Hitler’s “New Order” Section 5: New Order – pure “Aryan Race”Final Solution – destruction of Jewish population
23Resisting the Holocaust Section 5:The HolocaustResisting the HolocaustJews went into hiding, fought backSome escaped with help of non-Jews
24The End of the War Objectives: Section 6: Identify the outcomes of Allied military actions in the Soviet Union, North Africa, Italy, and the Atlantic.Describe how the Allies were able to achieve victory in Europe.List the steps the Allies took to end the war with Japan.
25The End of the War Important Offensives Section 6: Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union saved StalingradMediterranean safer for AlliesUnited States and British took Sicily
26The War at Sea and in the Air Section 6:The End of the WarThe War at Sea and in the AirBattle of Midway – turning pointVictories at Coral Sea, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, New Guinea, Marianas
27The End of the War Victory in Europe Section 6: D-Day – invasion of Allied troops into FranceBattle of the Bulge – Allies turned back German driveV-E Day – Victory in Europe
28The End of the War Victory Over Japan Section 6: Yalta and Potsdam – Allied leaders agreed to divide GermanyJapanese surrender – atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; V-J DayCosts of the war – millions killed or wounded, human rights violations, use of nuclear weapons