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Economies in History. It should answer 3 questions: 1. What goods and services do people need/want? 2.How can we produce these goods and services? 3.How.

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Presentation on theme: "Economies in History. It should answer 3 questions: 1. What goods and services do people need/want? 2.How can we produce these goods and services? 3.How."— Presentation transcript:

1 Economies in History

2 It should answer 3 questions: 1. What goods and services do people need/want? 2.How can we produce these goods and services? 3.How will we distribute them?

3  Each economy has its own political, economic and cultural systems  “Time immemorial” for as long as anyone remembers Aboriginals Needs and Wants Aboriginals Needs and Wants  Needs were for survival  The resources depended on location  Picture depicts a “tupet” A tent made from whale bone

4 First Nations: Depended on land/sea for survival. Examples of needs:

5  Means “living in a land from earliest times”.  There are three groups in Canada: 1. The Inuit (north of the tree line, climate too cold for trees to grow) Located in mostly Quebec and Labrador 2. First Nations: (first people from the rest of land) 3. Métis: children of Inuit and European fur traders.

6  Made mostly by hand using stone and bone tools. (Innu used all parts of caribou)  Men and Women took on different jobs in the household.  Believed in a spiritual connection between land and resources  Spring/Summer: fishing on the coastline, berry picking  Fall/Winter: hunting.

7  A special feast for the whole Innu community to celebrate a successful caribou hunt.

8  Everyone helped in a First Nations community.  Depending on circumstances if families were struggling to survive. They would come together and help each other out.  Trade networks were used to pass goods from one group to another.  After the hunt, everyone shared in food and celebration.

9  Private ownership: means one person had control over an area of land.  No one owned land in a First Nations community. It was shared by all.  This was a European idea that was brought over from Europe.

10  It was in the Beginning of the 1500’s  They wanted to own more land.  Their religion should be spread around the world.  Looking for ways to make money. Such as finding new resources such as timber (wood) etc.  Families wanted to own their land and not rent.

11 Tell me the need for the Three Resources and Why Europeans needed each of them?  1.  2.  3.

12  Until the 1700’s Europeans used basic tools and made things by hand. Such as: Butter churn, spinning wheel  There were specialists like dressmakers, blacksmith, bakers and coopers.  Factories began to open by 1700.

13 Objects found from the Past: Here are a few from Europeans around Newfoundland

14  Unlike the First Nations, Europeans believed in profit (economic gain)  Most people worked to benefit their own families.  If you wanted something, you had to buy it.

15  Refers to the time when Europeans first came to North America and met the Aboriginals  What was the initial reaction to one another?

16  An agreement which would help First Nations and Europeans settlers to help each other in the future.  Especially for Britain—see it as benefit against the French  Between marked numerous treaties between the groups- called the Covenant Chain of Treaties  Each Treaty was different—but most respected the lifestyles of the First Nations

17  The first nations people were used to hunting and gathering for themselves.  When the Europeans wanted fur, the First Nations’ people began hunting for the Europeans so they could get European goods like flour and cloth.  The European would move when the animals were hunted leaving the First nations’ people with no European goods.

18  Europeans wanted private ownership and were taking over the land. No sharing!  Europeans thought that their culture was better than the First Nations.

19  Who were the Beothuks?  Describe the Beothuks traditional economy.  Why did the Beothuks not mix with the Europeans.  Why are the Beothuks no longer here in Newfoundland?


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