Presentation on theme: "Economies in History. It should answer 3 questions: 1. What goods and services do people need/want? 2.How can we produce these goods and services? 3.How."— Presentation transcript:
Economies in History
It should answer 3 questions: 1. What goods and services do people need/want? 2.How can we produce these goods and services? 3.How will we distribute them?
Each economy has its own political, economic and cultural systems “Time immemorial” for as long as anyone remembers Aboriginals Needs and Wants Aboriginals Needs and Wants Needs were for survival The resources depended on location Picture depicts a “tupet” A tent made from whale bone
First Nations: Depended on land/sea for survival. Examples of needs:
Means “living in a land from earliest times”. There are three groups in Canada: 1. The Inuit (north of the tree line, climate too cold for trees to grow) Located in mostly Quebec and Labrador 2. First Nations: (first people from the rest of land) 3. Métis: children of Inuit and European fur traders.
Made mostly by hand using stone and bone tools. (Innu used all parts of caribou) Men and Women took on different jobs in the household. Believed in a spiritual connection between land and resources Spring/Summer: fishing on the coastline, berry picking Fall/Winter: hunting.
A special feast for the whole Innu community to celebrate a successful caribou hunt.
Everyone helped in a First Nations community. Depending on circumstances if families were struggling to survive. They would come together and help each other out. Trade networks were used to pass goods from one group to another. After the hunt, everyone shared in food and celebration.
Private ownership: means one person had control over an area of land. No one owned land in a First Nations community. It was shared by all. This was a European idea that was brought over from Europe.
It was in the Beginning of the 1500’s They wanted to own more land. Their religion should be spread around the world. Looking for ways to make money. Such as finding new resources such as timber (wood) etc. Families wanted to own their land and not rent.
Tell me the need for the Three Resources and Why Europeans needed each of them? 1. 2. 3.
Until the 1700’s Europeans used basic tools and made things by hand. Such as: Butter churn, spinning wheel There were specialists like dressmakers, blacksmith, bakers and coopers. Factories began to open by 1700.
Objects found from the Past: Here are a few from Europeans around Newfoundland
Unlike the First Nations, Europeans believed in profit (economic gain) Most people worked to benefit their own families. If you wanted something, you had to buy it.
Refers to the time when Europeans first came to North America and met the Aboriginals What was the initial reaction to one another?
An agreement which would help First Nations and Europeans settlers to help each other in the future. Especially for Britain—see it as benefit against the French Between marked numerous treaties between the groups- called the Covenant Chain of Treaties Each Treaty was different—but most respected the lifestyles of the First Nations
The first nations people were used to hunting and gathering for themselves. When the Europeans wanted fur, the First Nations’ people began hunting for the Europeans so they could get European goods like flour and cloth. The European would move when the animals were hunted leaving the First nations’ people with no European goods.
Europeans wanted private ownership and were taking over the land. No sharing! Europeans thought that their culture was better than the First Nations.
Who were the Beothuks? Describe the Beothuks traditional economy. Why did the Beothuks not mix with the Europeans. Why are the Beothuks no longer here in Newfoundland?