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A European Colony in Pennsylvania

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1 A European Colony in Pennsylvania
Chapter 5

2 Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins
William Penn created the colony of Pennsylvania for religious freedom and economic opportunities. William Penn belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers. Quakers believed that all people should be treated equal.

3 Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins
Penn was given the land of Pennsylvania because of a debt King Charles II owed to Penn’s father This agreement was known as the Charter of 1681; the charter also allowed Penn to write the laws for the colony Two laws Penn wrote were the First Frame of Government and the Great Law

4 Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins
The First Frame of Government established complete religious freedom in Pennsylvania The Great Law allowed people (men) to have a voice in their government

5 Pennsylvania means Penn’s woods
Philadelphia means “City of Brotherly Love”

6 Penn’s Woods William Markham, Penn’s cousin, led the first group of colonists to Pennsylvania Penn divided the colony into 3 counties; Bucks, Chester, and Philadelphia

7 Lesson 1 - A Welcoming Place
Penn called his colony a “Holy Experiment” because it was a place people could worship in peace Many Europeans came to the colony to find religious freedom and business opportunities Francis Daniel Pastorius led Germans to settle in an area of Philadelphia which is now known as Germantown

8 Penn’s Treaty Penn treated the Native Americans with respect
The Treaty of Shackamaxon was set up to transfer land from Native Americans to new European settlers

9 Charter of Privileges Pennsylvania’s earliest form of government had a two-part legislature - The Council and the General Assembly The Council proposed laws The General Assembly voted on them

10 Lesson 2 – New Pennsylvanians
Some people came to Pennsylvania as indentured servants Indentured Servants agreed to work for a certain number of years (5-7) in return for having their passage to North America paid; afterwards they were set free Some people were kidnapped from their homes in Africa and forced to come to Pennsylvania to work for no pay or freedom; these people were slaves

11 Lesson 2 - Abolition Abolition German Town Protest
Many Pennsylvanians called for the abolition, or end, of slavery Francis Daniel Pastorius wrote the Germantown Protest, the first antislavery document in the colonies Quakers worked to abolish slavery because it went against their religious belief that all people are equal

12 Lesson 3 – Growing Pains in the Colony
Some colonists obeyed the treaties set by William Penn; however, squatters took the land without paying for it Colonial settlements began to take over the land owned by Native Americans This forced the Native Americans to lose fishing and hunting areas, their freedom, and way of life

13 Lesson 3 – The Walking Purchase
After William Penn became ill in 1712, his wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn became governor of Pennsylvania until her death in 1726 After the death of their parents, Penn’s sons governed the colony Penn’s sons wanted to take control of more land, but they did not share their father’s interest in being fair to the Native Americans The sons used a forged, or false, deed to steal land from the Lenape

14 Lesson 3 – The Walking Purchase
The sons tricked the Lenape out of land by running with three men, instead of walking with one; a Native American custom for gaining land, this was known as the Walking Purchase The trick angered the Lenape and ended 50 years of peace between the Pennsylvanians and Native Americans

15 Lesson 4 – The Colony Grows
The promise of religious freedom and economic opportunities encouraged may cultures to continue coming to Pennsylvania Germans living near the Conestoga Creek made wagons that could float across rivers. These wagons were called Conestoga Wagons By the late 1740’s German Religious groups such as the Amish and Mennonites started farms in the Lehigh and Susquehanna Valleys and Lancaster County The German colonists were known as the Pennsylvania Dutch

16 Colonists used Conestoga Wagons to transport goods for trade with Native Americans.

17 Lesson 4 – Pennsylvania Dutch
Many Pennsylvania Dutch were crafts people who became known for their hand made quilts, paper cuttings, and colorful designs found in pictures and barns The Pennsylvania Dutch used pretzels in their culture to reward children’s good behavior

18 Pennsylvania Dutch Colorful Designs & Paper Cutting Quilts Pretzels

19 Lesson 4 - A Planned City Philadelphia was a carefully designed city located near two rivers, ideal for merchants Philadelphia became a leading city for education; it was the first city to have a library, magazine, and law school

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