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Exploring Pennsylvania.  Hemisphere – half of the Earth  Continent – largest land areas on Earth  Landform – a natural feature on Earth’s surface 

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring Pennsylvania.  Hemisphere – half of the Earth  Continent – largest land areas on Earth  Landform – a natural feature on Earth’s surface "— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring Pennsylvania

2  Hemisphere – half of the Earth  Continent – largest land areas on Earth  Landform – a natural feature on Earth’s surface  Natural Resource – a material found in nature that people can use  Tributary - small river or stream that flows into a larger river  Pollution – anything that makes the environment dirty

3  Climate – the pattern of weather in a place over a long period of time  Elevation – the height of land  Habitat – a place where plants and animals live

4 Pennsylvania is located: On the continent of North America In the country of United States In the northeastern part of the United States In the northern and western hemispheres

5  States that border Pennsylvania: New York to the NORTH New Jersey to the EAST Delaware to the SOUTHEAST Maryland to the SOUTH West Virginia to the SOUTHWEST Ohio to the WEST

6

7  Pennsylvania is called the “Keystone State” It is called this because when the original 13 colonies resembled an arch, Pennsylvania was located in the middle, like a keystone

8 Mountains:  All of Pennsylvania’s mountains are part of the Appalachian Mountain range  The Allegheny Mountains stretch across the middle of the state Rivers and Lakes:  The Delaware River forms on Pennsylvania’s eastern border and is a major shipping route  The Susquehanna River flows through the central part of the state  The Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers are tributaries of the Ohio River  Lake Erie, a Great Lake, borders the northwest corner of Pennsylvania

9  Natural Resources are materials found in nature that people can use ◦ Examples are: soil, water, trees, and minerals ◦ Two minerals found in Pennsylvania are sandstone and limestone  Sandstone is used to make glass  Limestone is used to make cement  Fossil Fuels are fuels that are found in nature that were made from plants and animals that lived millions of years ago ◦ Examples are: coal, oil, natural gas

10  A renewable resource CAN be replaced ◦ Examples: plants, water, crops  A nonrenewable resource CANNOT be replaced ◦ Examples: fossil fuels, sandstone, limestone, oil, natural gas

11  Pennsylvania has a temperate climate ◦ This means the temperature does not reach extreme highs or lows  Pennsylvania’s climate is affected by location and elevation  There are a variety of plants and animals living in Pennsylvania ◦ Ex of trees. Oak, elm, hemlock ◦ Ex of animals: Trout, foxes, geese


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