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S.S. Jeopardy Chapter 3 – Exploration and Colonization
Vocab New SpainJamestownPilgrims Mixed Review
Who was a person of mixed Spanish and Indian background – a mestizo, or a viceroy?
What was the name for a fort that housed Spanish soldiers in its high brick walls?
Besides being called “runners of the woods,” French trappers and traders were called what?
Coureurs de bois
What did encomiendas do for Spanish settlers?
Encomiendas gave Spanish settlers the right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans living on the land.
What were pueblos, and in what colony could they be found?
Pueblos were where townspeople and farmers gathered in New Spain.
Who was put in charge of the empire in America by the Spanish King – a viceroy or a Creole?
Why did Spanish settlers create New Spain?
To gain new territory, gold, and for exploration
What are the 3 kinds of settlements in New Spain?
1.Pueblos (meeting places) 2. Presidios (soldier’s forts) 3. Missions (where Spanish tried to convert the Indians to Christianity)
List the order of society in New Spain from top (most important) to bottom (least important).
Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Indians
What helped the Spanish conquistadors conquer, or defeat, the Aztecs?
Many Aztecs died from European diseases.
Who did the landowners in Virginia elect to meet and make laws for their colony?
Why was the colony of Jamestown different from Roanoke?
Jamestown was the 1 st PERMANENT colony that was set up.
What helped the settlement of Virginia in the early 1600’s? Name at least 2
1.A representative government 2. tobacco growing 3. the arrival of women
What problems did the early settlers of Jamestown face? Name 3
1.Colonists refused to work 2. Disease 3. Impure drinking water
Who was the man that helped save Jamestown?
Where did the Pilgrims land, and where were they supposed to land?
Plymouth, MA instead of Virginia
Why did the Pilgrims come to America from England?
To find religious freedom
What was the Mayflower Compact?
Pilgrims created it at the bottom of the boat on the way over to America; created to establish laws
What document did the Pilgrims need to get from the king in order to set up a colony?
Why did the Pilgrims refuse to give up, even after they caught diseases and some starved?
They thought it was God’s will for them to survive.
Who was Bartolome de Las Casas?
A priest who asked the king of Spain to stop allowing Native Americans to be enslaved
What did the Europeans introduce to the Americas? Name at least 2
Horses cows diseases wheat bananas
What did the Native Americans introduce to Europeans? Name at least 3
Maize (corn) Pumpkins Potatoes Tomatoes Peppers Cocoa Squash Peanuts
What are some reasons the Native American population declined?
Slave labor dangerous work diseases caught from Europeans
What was Parliament?
England’s representative authority
Final Jeopardy Please make your wager!
Final Jeopardy Question!! Choose 3 of the following colonies and list their reasons for founding each: New France New Spain Jamestown Plymouth New Netherland
Answer: New France –Fur trade, exploration, acquire new territory, spread Catholic religion New Spain - gold, God, exploration, acquire new territory, spread Catholic religion Jamestown - profit, gold Plymouth -Religious freedom New Netherland -profit from trade
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