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S.S. Jeopardy Chapter 3 – Exploration and Colonization
200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Vocab New SpainJamestownPilgrims Mixed Review
Who was a person of mixed Spanish and Indian background – a mestizo, or a viceroy?
What was the name for a fort that housed Spanish soldiers in its high brick walls?
Besides being called “runners of the woods,” French trappers and traders were called what?
Coureurs de bois
What did encomiendas do for Spanish settlers?
Encomiendas gave Spanish settlers the right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans living on the land.
What were pueblos, and in what colony could they be found?
Pueblos were where townspeople and farmers gathered in New Spain.
Who was put in charge of the empire in America by the Spanish King – a viceroy or a Creole?
Why did Spanish settlers create New Spain?
To gain new territory, gold, and for exploration
What are the 3 kinds of settlements in New Spain?
1.Pueblos (meeting places) 2. Presidios (soldier’s forts) 3. Missions (where Spanish tried to convert the Indians to Christianity)
List the order of society in New Spain from top (most important) to bottom (least important).
Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Indians
What helped the Spanish conquistadors conquer, or defeat, the Aztecs?
Many Aztecs died from European diseases.
Who did the landowners in Virginia elect to meet and make laws for their colony?
Why was the colony of Jamestown different from Roanoke?
Jamestown was the 1 st PERMANENT colony that was set up.
What helped the settlement of Virginia in the early 1600’s? Name at least 2
1.A representative government 2. tobacco growing 3. the arrival of women
What problems did the early settlers of Jamestown face? Name 3
1.Colonists refused to work 2. Disease 3. Impure drinking water
Who was the man that helped save Jamestown?
Where did the Pilgrims land, and where were they supposed to land?
Plymouth, MA instead of Virginia
Why did the Pilgrims come to America from England?
To find religious freedom
What was the Mayflower Compact?
Pilgrims created it at the bottom of the boat on the way over to America; created to establish laws
What document did the Pilgrims need to get from the king in order to set up a colony?
Why did the Pilgrims refuse to give up, even after they caught diseases and some starved?
They thought it was God’s will for them to survive.
Who was Bartolome de Las Casas?
A priest who asked the king of Spain to stop allowing Native Americans to be enslaved
What did the Europeans introduce to the Americas? Name at least 2
Horses cows diseases wheat bananas
What did the Native Americans introduce to Europeans? Name at least 3
Maize (corn) Pumpkins Potatoes Tomatoes Peppers Cocoa Squash Peanuts
What are some reasons the Native American population declined?
Slave labor dangerous work diseases caught from Europeans
What was Parliament?
England’s representative authority
Final Jeopardy Please make your wager!
Final Jeopardy Question!! Choose 3 of the following colonies and list their reasons for founding each: New France New Spain Jamestown Plymouth New Netherland
Answer: New France –Fur trade, exploration, acquire new territory, spread Catholic religion New Spain - gold, God, exploration, acquire new territory, spread Catholic religion Jamestown - profit, gold Plymouth -Religious freedom New Netherland -profit from trade
Ch. 3 Exploration and Colonization. Exploration Christopher Columbus’ voyages inspired Europeans. They saw the potential for settling and gaining riches.
Spain Builds an Empire Ponce de Le ón – searching for the fountain of youth, claimed Florida Balboa – crossed the isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific.
Exploring the Americas : A competition ensues. DO NOW: You are starting a new colony. Create 5-10 rules/laws that all colonists will follow:
Spain Builds an Empire 1492 Seeking another route to the riches of Asia, he traveled west, across the Atlantic Ocean. Although he was Italian, he was.
Exploration Test Review. The conquistadors outnumbered the Aztecs. The Aztecs were weak from fighting among themselves. A large number of Aztecs.
New Spain New France New Netherlands Jamestown and Plymouth Native Americans
New Spain After Columbus reached the West Indies in 1492, the Spanish settled and explored other islands in the Caribbean and South America. By 1540, Spain.
Exploration Jamestown and Plymouth KEY TERMS. Exploration KEY TERMS Colony- A group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the.
CHAPTER 4- PLANTING COLONIES 1. SPAIN BUILDS AN EMPIRE 2. FRENCH AND DUTCH SETTLEMENTS 3. FIRST ENGLISH COLONIES: JAMESTOWN AND PLYMOUTH.
European Explorers Spanish Conquistadors and French, English, and Dutch Explorers in the New World.
What was North America like before the “discovery” of America by Columbus in 1492?
4/28 Focus: 4/28 Focus: – Military technology and disease allowed the Spanish to quickly conquer Native people in the Americas. Important Terms Important.
CHAPTER 2 ISN READING NOTES ANSWERS. What type of relationship existed between the Spanish and Native Americans living in the Caribbean and South America?
Bell Ringer: MondayBell Ringer: Monday –What do you know about colonization (exploration)? –I have your quizzes. Please track your progress.
Chapter 4 Test Review. When was New Spain formed? *Use the timeline on p *
Early America HOW IT ALL BEGAN !. Migrations of Early Peoples.
Chapter 16: First Global Age - Europe, the Americas, & Africa Section 1: Conquest in the Americas Section 2: Spanish & Portuguese Colonies in North America.
Spanish Empire in America. Empire A group of states or countries under a single supreme authority.
“Finders’ Keepers” The Age of Exploration AndColonization.
The Beginnings of the “New World”. Background – People in Europe had no knowledge of the Americas Marco Polo went to China in the late 1200s Came back.
Social Studies Chapter 4: Building the First Colonies.
Columbus finds the New World and claims it for Spain Columbian Exchange: New plants, animals, and diseases are introduced to New World and Old World.
In 1493, the pope drew a line down a map and divided the world into two parts. Spain controlled all new land west of the line and Portugal controlled all.
First English Settlements Roanoke Jamestown Plymouth.
■Essential Question: –What are the similarities & differences among the Spanish, French, Dutch, & British patterns of colonization in America? ■Warm-Up.
Colonial Vocabulary Challenge Respectfully Submitted by Mr. C. Stephen Ingraham.
American Colonial Societies American Colonial Societies Spain: The “Model” Colonizer Spain was the “model” colonizer Not in the sense that other European.
Chapter 16 Section 3 – The Struggle for North America Setting the Scene: In the 1600s, France, the Netherlands, England, and Sweden joined Spain in claiming.
European Conquest and Colonization. European Conquest Columbus Tainos = agric. Community –Tainos failed to pay respect to Christian symbols –Columbus.
ENGLISH COLONIZATION. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: What political, economic, religious, and social reasons led to the establishment of the thirteen English colonies?
Jeopardy 10 Roanoke Jamestown Plymouth People Terms Final Jeopardy Final Jeopardy.
Essential Question: – What are the similarities & differences among the Spanish, French, Dutch, & British patterns of colonization in America? CPUSH Agenda.
Review Answers. 1.Gold: race to expand European trade to increase wealth 2.Glory: competition for recognition and power among European countries 3.God:
The distance of the colonies from Europe caused them to develop means of self- government.
The American Nation Exploration and Colonization 1492–1675 Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,
Welcome! The Topic For Today Is…. Chapter 4 The Spanish Colonies The Virginia Colony The Plymouth Colony The Dutch and French General Information 200.
ExplorersColonies Colonial Government Native Americans Grab Bag
Jamestown and Plymouth Review. Key Terms House of Burgesses Charter Mayflower Compact Established Church Precedent- An event that will influence the future.
Chapter 1, Section 3 Commerce and Colonies p Economic motives lead Europeans to build settlements in the Americas.
1 U.S. Map 2 U.S. Map Labelled 3Western Hemisphere4 Eastern Hemisphere 5Comparing Early Civilizations6 Journal Entry 1 7Cultures of North America8 Journal.
Jeopardy Colonial America JamestownThe Pilgrims The Puritans Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Final Jeopardy.
Chapter 3 Section 3 – Struggle for North America Setting the Scene: In the 1600s, France, the Netherlands, England, and Sweden joined Spain in claiming.
The Rise of the Atlantic World, Portugal Involvement in Africa The search for gold Introduction to the slave trade New Slavery
Chapter 3 Section 1 The First English Settlements Explain why England wanted to establish colonies in North America. Describe the experience of the settlers.
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