2 Writing an Analytical Essay about a Literary Work Makes an argument:You are arguing that your perspective—an interpretation, judgment, evaluation of the literature—is a valid one.Proves a thesis:You must have a specific, detailed thesis statement that reveals your perspective, and like any good argument, must be one which is debatable.Taken from
3 The Format of an Analytical Essay IntroductionBody ParagraphsConclusion
4 The Function of an Introduction captures your audience's attention.gives background on your topic.develops interest in your topic.guides your reader to your thesis statement.(Taken from
5 Developing a Thesis Statement… A thesis statement must be:An opinion—not a factSignificant—worth spending the time developing into an essayProvable—able to be supported with quotes from the textFocused on one idea—must be a single idea
6 …Developing a Thesis Statement A thesis statement must be:Valid/logical—be sure you have interpreted the piece of literature correctlyClear—your readers should have no doubt what you are provingSpecific—focus on a particular aspect of your topicA declarative sentence written in the active voiceUsually the last sentence of the introduction.
7 Writing a Thesis Statement Sample thesis statements:1) Shakespeare uses character foils to emphasize important qualities in his hero.2) Fairy tales send young girls the wrong message because in these stories the woman always needs rescuing by the man.3) The characters of The Great Gatsby distort the American Dream through the means they use to obtain it. Myrtle Wilson, Jay Gatsby, and the Buchanans corrupt the American Dream through the extreme and immoral measures they employ to achieve their goals.
8 Writing a Thesis Statement What’s wrong with these thesis statements?1) To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in Maycomb, Alabama.2) Shakespeare’s Hamlet is a play about a young man who seeks revenge.Scout changes from a child to a young girl and Jem begins to grow up, too.4) Harry Potter has the qualities to conquer his enemies and he does and then he goes on to find something else to do.
9 Deciding How to Prove the Thesis Statement The thesis statement may include your proofs.ORThe thesis statement may be followed by a sentence which contains your proofs.
10 Deciding How to Prove the Thesis Statement Thesis statement + proofs in the final sentence of introduction:Shakespeare uses character foils to emphasize important qualities in his hero. To provide a clear picture of the hero, Romeo, Shakespeare effectively uses three different foils, Mercutio, Friar Lawrence, and Tybalt.Thesis statement + proofs in the same sentence:Although John Smith’s and William Bradford’s firsthand accounts of early colonization are similar, they differ significantly in purpose, content, and tone.
11 The Format of the Introduction The introduction begins with a broad statement about the main idea. This statement might suggest background or the general category to which the thesis idea belongs.The next sentences are more specific, moving closer to the actual thesis of the essay.The final sentence of an introduction often contains a fairly specific version of the main idea; it is the thesis statement.(Adapted from
12 The introductory paragraph must include: A general statement brief summary of the storyThe title and author of the storyA brief summary of the storyA clear thesis statement
14 Writing the Introduction Sentence 1: The general statementIs a general topic sentenceIntroduces the topic of the essayCaptures the reader’s attention through a quote, observation, definition, or anecdoteSentences 2-4: The summary sentencesIncludes the title and authorBrief summary and relevant background information of novel or short storySentences 5(-6)Contains the thesis statement and proofs
15 Sample IntroductionIs hunting really a civilized pastime? This is the question that the author Richard Connell asks as he keeps his readers on the edge of their seats in his famous short story “The Most Dangerous Game.” Connell creates a situation in which a famous hunter becomes another’s man’s prey. When the hunter, Rainsford finds himself marooned on Ship-Trap-Island, he discovers that, as a hobby, the owner of the island hunts men instead of animals. Rainsford must outsmart his opponent in order to stay alive, and so he experiences all the fears that an animal feels when it is hunted. By putting a hunter in the role of prey, Richard Connell demonstrates his belief that hunting is a cruel sport. To illustrate this theme, Connell uses irony and suspense.
16 Writing the Body Paragraphs Each body paragraph:Contains a clear topic sentence which identifies the connection between your examples/explanation and your thesis .Demonstrates that the topic sentence is true by giving evidence.Includes quotes from the short story or novel to show that you didn’t make up the evidence.Reminds the reader of the connection between your evidence and the thesis.
17 Sample Outline of a Four-Paragraph Essay I. IntroductionA. Opening sentence(s):B. Brief summary:C. Thesis statement:D. Proofs:Body Paragraph #1A. Topic sentence:B. Supporting details:22.214.171.124.III. Commentary
18 Sample Outline for a Four-Paragraph Essay III. Body Paragraph #2A. Topic sentence:B. Supporting details126.96.36.199.IV. ConclusionB. Restatement or summary of thesisC. Evaluation of topicD. Closing statement
19 Fairy Tales: Enduring Lessons or Wrong Messages? I. IntroductionA. Topic sentence: Fairy tales are some of the oldestand time-honored pieces of literature in the world.B. Brief summary:1. Found in almost every culture.2. Read by or to young children.3. Simple stories—easy to remember4. Children impressed by moral or lesson.C. Thesis statement: Fairy tales send young girls thewrong message because in these stories the womanalways needs rescuing by the man.D. Proofs: Popular fairy tales that demonstrate thistheme are Cinderella and Snow White
20 Fairy Tales: Enduring Lessons or Wrong Messages? Body Paragraph #1A. Topic sentence: Poor Cinderella is a helpless victim of her cruel stepmotherand stepsisters until the prince arrives totake her away.B. Supporting details:188.8.131.52.
21 Fairy Tales: Enduring Lessons or Wrong Messages? Body Paragraph #2A. Topic sentence: Snow White, hated forher beauty by her own mother, is poisonedand made comatose until a handsome princefalls in love with her and breaks the spell.B. Supporting details:184.108.40.206.
22 Fairy Tales: Enduring Lessons or Wrong Messages? IV. ConclusionA. Topic sentence:B. Restatement or summary of thesisC. Evaluation of topicD. Closing statement
23 Resources Maplewood Writing Center Concepts of Critical AnalysisWriting a Thesis StatementWriting Effective IntroductionsWriting Effective ConclusionsEvaluating a Paragraph