Presentation on theme: "Bill of Rights. What? Why? When? ? What? Why? When? ? The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Why did we need the Bill of."— Presentation transcript:
Bill of Rights
What? Why? When? ? What? Why? When? ? The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Why did we need the Bill of Rights? --The Constitution did not specify the rights of individual people. So before states like Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York agreed to pass this Constitution they wanted some basic rights of the people added. If not for the promised “bill of rights” this Constitution would not have been ratified. The Bill of Rights was made part of the Constitution in 1791.
1 st Amendment Guarantees freedom of religion, speech, press, and the right to assembly peaceably.
2 nd Amendment Guarantees the right to organize state militias and bear arms.
3rd Amendment Prohibits quartering soldiers in private homes during peacetime and limits it in time of war.
4 th Amendment Prohibits the unreasonable search and seizure of persons and property without a valid warrant or just cause.
5 th Amendment Requires a grand jury for serious crimes, prohibits double jeopardy, do not have to testify against oneself, due process of law, government can’t take private property for public use without compensation.
6 th Amendment Guarantees suspects the right to a speedy trail by jury in criminal cases, to know all charges, to question witnesses, and to have counsel.
7 th Amendment Guarantees a jury trial in most civil cases.
8 th Amendment Prohibits excessive bail and fines and cruel and unusual punishment.
9 th Amendment Assures people that they have other basic rights in addition to those mentioned in the Constitution. These include but are not limited to: --Right to privacy --Right to vote --Right to travel --Right to marry --Right to procreate
10 th Amendment Guarantees that rights not given to the US government nor denied to the states are reserved to the states or the people.
Review of the Bill of Rights 1 st : Freedom of speech, religion, press, and peaceful assembly 2 nd :Right to bear arms 3 rd : Prohibits the mandatory quartering of soldiers 4 th : Prohibits unlawful search and seizure, requires a warrant 5 th : Accused persons do not have to testify against themselves. 6th: Right to have counsel and speedy trial 7 th : Guarantees trial by jury 8 th : No excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishment 9 th : Assures us we have other rights too 10 th : Guarantees that states reserve the powers not given to the US government
Other Important Amendments 13 th : Abolishes slavery 15 th : Prohibits denial of voting on basis of race. 18 th : Prohibition (no alcoholic beverages) 19 th : Women get the right to vote 21 st : Repeal of 18 th Amendment 24 th : Abolition of poll tax 26 th : Voting age lowered to 18