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Previously, you learned how to use se as the third person reflexive pronoun (El se despierta. Ellos se visten. Ella se baña.). Se can also be used to form constructions in which the person performing the action is not expressed or is de-emphasized. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Impersonal constructions with se In Spanish, verbs that are not reflexive can be used with se to form impersonal constructions. These are statements in which the person performing the action is not defined. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
¡Atención! Note that the third person singular verb form is used with singular nouns and the third person plural form is used with plural nouns. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
You often see the impersonal se in signs, advertisements, and directions.Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Se for unplanned eventsSe also describes accidental or unplanned events. In this construction, the person who performs the action is de-emphasized, implying that the accident or unplanned event is not his or her direct responsibility. Note this construction. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
In this type of construction, what would normally be the direct object of the sentence becomes the subject, and it agrees with the verb, not with the indirect object pronoun. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
These verbs are the ones most frequently used with se to describe unplanned events.Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
¡Atención! While Spanish has a verb for to fall (caer), there is no direct translation for to drop. Dejar caer (To let fall) or a se construction is often used to mean to drop. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
To clarify or emphasize who the person involved in the action is, this construction commonly begins with the preposition a + [noun] or a + [prepositional pronoun]. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Completa las oraciones con se impersonal y los verbos en presente.___________ (enseñar) cinco lenguas en esta universidad. __________ (comer) muy bien en El Cráter. __________ (vender) muchas camisetas allí. __________ (servir) platos exquisitos cada noche. Completa las oraciones con se y los verbos en pretérito. _________________ (I broke) las gafas. __________ (You [fam., sing.]) dropped) las pastillas. __________ (They lost) la receta. __________ (You [form., sing.] left) aquí la radiografía. A Se enseñan B Se me rompieron Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs
Español 4H Unidad 13: Gramática C pág These are situations where the agent does not claim responsibility for something that happened (caer,
Se + indirect object pronouns
Indirect Commands (Los mandatos indirectos)
The Impersonal and Passive se
IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTIONS WITH “SE”
El verbo Gustar.
In Lección 5, you learned that a direct object receives the action of the verb directly. In contrast, an indirect object receives the action of the verb.
Entre familiaGramática 2 Se + indirect object pronouns Preview Se + indirect object pronouns.
ANTE TODO The word “se” is often used in Spanish in a variety of ways. It can be very confusing. When you learned indirect and direct object pronouns,
1.3 Gustar and similar verbs © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Al viajero le encantan los boleros.
The passive se In Spanish, the pronoun se is often used to express the passive voice when the agent performing the action is not stated. The third person.
Se + (present tense verb) + noun The verb must agree with the noun. Only conjugate the verb in él/ella or ellos ellas forms. Se habla español aquí. Spanish.
Subject pronouns In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns. A subject pronoun replaces the name or title of a person or thing.
10.3 “Se” impersonal y “Se” para sucesos imprevistos
Reflexive verbs Used to describe a person doing something that involves himself or herself These verbs use reflexive pronouns that refer to the person.
Conjunctions are words or phrases that connect other words and clauses in sentences. Certain conjunctions commonly introduce adverbial clauses, which describe.
As you know, se can be used as a reflexive pronoun (Él se despierta.).
Expressing unintentional events…
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