2ObjectiveIdentify and describe vitamins, minerals, and feed additives and how they relate to the nutritional requirements or ruminant and non- ruminant animals.
3What is a nutrient?A chemical element or compound that aids in the support of life.ProteinsVitaminsMineralsWaterEnergy
4Why do animals need vitamins? Vitamins perform essential roles in body.MetabolismRepairFunction.Vitamins are considered micro-nutrients and are consumed in relatively small amounts.A balanced ration should supply all of the major vitamins needed; however, some supplementation of trace nutrients is generally considered desirable.
52 Types of Vitamins Water soluble B-complex vitamins and vitamin C are water- soluble vitamins that are not stored in the body and must be replaced each day.Ex: Hay and Pasture GrazingEx: Citrus fruits and Vegetables (Vitamin C)
62 Types of Vitamins Fat Soluble Stored in the liver and fatty tissues, and are eliminated much more slowly than water-soluble vitamins.Only replenished in small amounts.Ex: Commercial feeds and GrainsEx: Sunshine (Vitamin D)
7Why do animals need Minerals? Minerals directly create deficiencies and effectAnimal growth and development.Structural and skeletal developmentOxygen transportActivation of many enzyme systems
82 Types of Minerals Macro Micro Normally present at greater levels in the body or needed in relatively large amounts in the diet.Ex: Ca, P, Na, Cl, Mg, K, SMicroPresent at low levels in the body or needed in small amounts in the dietEx: Co, Cu, F, I, Fe, Mn, Mo, Se, Zn
9Feed AdditivesFeed additives and hormones are not necessary nutrients for livestock. However, if used in the correct manner, they can increase growth and efficiency as well as improve the animal’s health.Label requirements:ResiduesMixing procedureGood recordsHealth and public concerns
10Feed Additive Examples Oxy-GenAll natural Product for increasing the strength of the respiratory system and also increases appetites, promotes hair growth and improves muscle development.Feed 3 oz. a day for calves, sheep, pigs.For younger animals to help development
11Feed Additives Examples Champion OxyImproves feed conversion, adds muscle mass, promotes hair growth and helps animals handle stressful situations better.½ oz. per dayFeed this closer to show but remember to check withdrawal periods.
12Your animal wont drink water?? RefillUsed for cattle, feed 1-2 pounds per day.Will make the animal want to drink water.Provides electrolytes and other nutrients.Use when arriving at a show, will help with water weight or soundness lost by traveling.
13How does this help my show animal? OctaneVitamin and mineral supplement that promotes overall healthy appearanceSimilar effects as show bloom but stronger1-1/2 oz. per for sheep and goats4 oz. per day for cattle
14Feed Additives Goat Gold Plus For goats 80 pounds and larger 4 oz. dailyContains digestive enzymes for better feed conversion, fortified with vitamins, minerals, amino acids and probiotics, to keep rumen functioning normally.