2 Colonial Leaders Emerge On May 10th 1775 the 2nd continental congress metThis included John Adams, Samuel Adams, Richard Henry Lee, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, & Patrick Henry
3 Colonial Leaders Emerge TheyAuthorize printing of moneyCreate a post officeGovern the coloniesCreate committees to communicate with Native Americans, Spain and FranceCreates continental army with George Washington as commanderSent the Olive Branch Petition offering one last chance at peaceKing George refused to even read the petition
4 Colonial Leaders Emerge The Colonies Take the OffensiveThe colonies learn that Britain is about to attack from CanadaThey decide to attack first from Fort Ticonderoga and capture MontrealThey failed to capture QuebecIn 1775 Washington decides not to attack Boston because he thought the troops weren’t readyHowever, in 1776 he returns and drives the British out of Boston
5 Colonial Leaders Emerge Moving toward IndependenceMost of the colonist want to avoid separating from Great BritainThomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense which became widely popularIt called for an independent countryMany of Paine’s ideas came from John Locke who wrote about natural rights
6 The Colonies Declare Independence The main discussion at the continental congress was whether or not the colonies should become an independent countryRichard Henry Lee from North Carolina suggested that they become independentThey form a committee to draft a declaration of independenceJuly 2nd 1776, congress agree to be independentJuly 4th, the delegates sign the Declaration of Independence
7 The Colonies Declare Independence The Declaration of IndependenceIt has four major partsThe Preamblethis states that if people want to form a new country then you need to explain your reasonsUniversal Rights of Men“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”
8 The Colonies Declare Independence The Declaration of IndependenceIt has four major partsThe Governments responsibility is to protect these rightsif the government does not protect these rights the people have the right to change governmentthey list the grievances of when these rights were violated by the Britishd) It announces the existence
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