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WHAT IS PH? Concentration and hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions are a measure of The acidity and alkalinity of a solution.

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Presentation on theme: "WHAT IS PH? Concentration and hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions are a measure of The acidity and alkalinity of a solution."— Presentation transcript:

1 WHAT IS PH? Concentration and hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions are a measure of The acidity and alkalinity of a solution.

2 HOW WAS THE CONCEPT OF PH DEVELOPED? H 2 O is a molecule. Therefore, pure water does not conduct electricity.

3 OR DOES IT? When pure water was found to conduct very small currents of electricity, the self-ionization of water was discovered.

4 SELF-IONIZATION OF WATER H 2 O  H + + OH - Water can dissociate into Hydronium ions and hydroxide ions.

5 HOW MUCH DISSOCIATION IS THERE? [H + ] = 1 x M [OH - ] = 1 x M Therefore: [H + ] x [OH - ] = 1 x M

6 [H + ]X [OH - ] = 1 X M Is called the Ion-product constant AKA: k w

7 ION PRODUCT CONSTANT K w = 1 x M

8 ACIDITY IS A MEASURE OF THE [H + ] OF A SOLUTION. If the [H + ] of a solution is 1.0 x M, is the solution acidic, basic or neutral? 1.0x M is greater than 1.0 x M Therefore the solution is acidic

9 PRACTICE: ACIDIC, BASIC OR NEUTRAL? 1.[H + ] = 6.0 x M 2.[H + ] = 2.0 x M 3.[OH - ] = 1.0 x M

10 SOLVE THESE PROBLEMS USING K W = [H + ] X [OH - ] AND DETERMINE WHETHER SOLUTION IS ACIDIC, NEUTRAL OR BASIC 1.[OH - ] = 1 x [OH - ] = 2.0 x [OH - ] = 3.5 x 10 -7

11 THE PH SCALE Ranges from – 6.9 = acidic 7.0 = neutral 7.1 – 14.0 = basic (alkaline)

12 SO WHERE DO THESE NUMBERS COME FROM? pH = - log [H + ] That’s where they come from!

13 WHAT IS THE PH? 1.[H + ] = 1.0 x M 2.[H + ] = 1.0 x M 3.[H + ] = 1.0 x M 4.[H + ] = 1.0 x M 5.[H + ] = 1.0 x M

14 ANSWERS

15 GET YOUR CALCULATORS OUT AND PRACTICE. 1.[H + ] = M 2.[H + ] = 8.7 x M 3.[H + ] = M 4.[H + ] = 1.2 x M

16 ANSWERS 1.PH = PH = PH = PH = 2.92

17 FIND THE PH AND DETERMINE IF IT IS ACID BASIC OR NEUTRAL [H + ] = 1.5 x [H + ] = 3.4 x [H + ] = 5.5 x [H + ] = 1.0 x 10 -7

18 YOU CAN ALSO CALCULATE PH FROM [OH - ] If you are given [OH - ] use [H + ] = 1 x [OH - ] To find hydrogen ion concentration then solve for pH pH = –log [H + ]

19 LET’S PRACTICE Calculate the pH of a solution with a [OH - ] of 3.5 x 10 -9

20 EXIT SLIP: YOUR NAME HERE…… 1.Find the pH of a solution with an hydroxide concentration of [OH - ] = 2.9 x A solution has a hydrogen ion concentration of [H + ] = 5.0 x Is it acidic, basic or neutral?

21 BRAINPOP


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