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Need for Rulemaking Harmonization – Supporting the Future Global Air Transport System EASA/FAA Annual Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Need for Rulemaking Harmonization – Supporting the Future Global Air Transport System EASA/FAA Annual Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Need for Rulemaking Harmonization – Supporting the Future Global Air Transport System EASA/FAA Annual Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 Vincent De Vroey General Manager Technical & Operations Association of European Airlines (AEA) European Airlines View and a Perspective from IATA Peter Sørensen Assistant Director Safety, Operations & Infrastructure International Air Transport Association (IATA)

2 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 2 Overview AEA Harmonization Priorities ATM Maintenance Operations Flight crew training IATA Perspective Personnel licensing

3 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 3 33 member airlines 11,115 flights a day 375,600 employees 605 destinations in 161 countries 346 million passengers 6 million tonnes of cargo Total turnover of 75 billion The Association of European Airlines

4 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 4 AEA carriers are NETWORK carriers: global reach Thanks to the networks and alliances which those carriers have set up, people can fly from anywhere, to anywhere from Bucharest to Cleveland… from Reykjavik to Delhi… from Ankara to Innsbruck… from Berne to Riga… from Edinburgh to Addis Ababa… from Bordeaux to Kuala Lumpur… 185 intercontinental destinations in 116 countries 211 European destinations in 43 countries 800 destinations together with partner airlines! Source: Continental Airlines

5 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 5 AEAs top priority: Europe's inefficient Air Traffic Management (ATM) Europe does not have one single ATM system: It is patched together from old national systems … with segmentation into small, inefficient blocks Between Member States – and between civil/military … using a variety of different Air Traffic Control technologies Fragmented airspace… Circuitous routings and altitudes

6 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 6 Background (1): European ATM is inefficient

7 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 7 Background (2): US ATM system faces safety issues TCAS RAs AEA members flying to the USA have analyzed TCAS RAs on approach comparing major US airports with European major airports The rate at some US airports (Newark, LAX, Denver, Philadelphia, SFO) is 100 times the rate at major European airports (LHR, CDG, SPL, FRA etc) Compliance with ICAO Various serious safety incidents linked to the US ATM environment with loss of separation or near collision. In light of the Ueberlingen accident, all TCAS RAs have to be complied with (ICAO), a modus operandi which is not fully understood in the USA US ATM safety issues need to be tackled with urgency

8 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 8 ATM: implications for rulemaking Root of ATM problems in Europe, USA and other areas of the world might not be the same However, where it implies rulemaking to mandate for capacity or safety reasons, new systems on the aircraft (avionics) or operational procedures, the AEA members expect: Identical technical solutions for similar ATM problems Harmonized approach on ATM operational procedures Globally valid operational & airworthiness approval for airlines/aircraft (ia datalink, ADS-B, RVSM etc) with approvals issued by the local Authority based on globally harmonized requirements Global interoperability in ATM solutions and approvals is essential for globally operating airlines (= cost issue!) Harmonized operational procedures are essential for safety

9 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 9 Maintenance: mutual recognition rather than full harmonization of rules Globally recognized Part-145 approvals Airline MROs expect globally recognized Part-145 approvals which recognize equivalent safety oversight and reduce the number of unnecessary audits or certificates Harmonization / Recognition Full harmonization of the relevant rules is not realistic because of the cost implications or different legal environment (f.e. drug and alcohol testing is illegal in Europe, required in the USA) Mutual recognition of each other system (based on equivalent safety) might be more realistic (i.e. through BASA) than full harmonization This should not prevent new rules to be harmonized where possible and beneficial to the industry

10 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 10 Operations: harmonizing existing rules would be extremely costly Mutual Recognition of AOCs Global Airlines expect mutual recognition of AOCs rather than the current proliferation of Part 129 requirements which create unnecessary bureaucracy for no added safety value Harmonization / Recognition Full harmonization of existing operational rules for AOC holders (EU-OPS, Part 121) is not needed from the airlines point of view since it would be extremely costly due to the legacy and different legal systems and cultural environment Operational equipment related requirements for newly build aircraft should be harmonized wherever possible (e.g. FDR/CVR, TCAS etc). AWO requirements to be harmonized as well New rules to be harmonized where possible and where there is a value for the airlines

11 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 11 Flight Crew Training Separate business The Flight Crew Training business is increasingly becoming a separate business competing in the global market International trade Some current rules (FAA) or rulemaking proposals (EASA) are a barrier to international trade For safety and efficiency reasons, European airlines need access to flight crew training resources around the world i.a in Europe, USA and elsewhere Harmonization / Recognition Different authorities to recognize each other systems without imposing additional restrictions or duplicate requirements for personnel licensing or approvals (flight simulators) The planned BASAs are an opportunity to solve this problem

12 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 12 Conclusion ATM rules: new systems on the aircraft (avionics) or operational procedures should be harmonized with globally valid approvals (= cost and safety issue), Maintenance rules: need mutual recognition of the relevant approvals allowing international trade without barriers and reducing unnecessary audits, Operational rules for AOC holders: no need for full harmonization which would be costly and might not be feasible (different cultures etc). Need for mutual recognition of AOCs rather than proliferation of Part 129, Flight Crew Training rules: BASAs should remove current restrictions to international trade

13 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 13 The challenge of licensed personnel shortages

14 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 14 Why Harmonization is Critical for Personnel Licensing The aviation industry has realized that there will be a global shortage of engineers, licensed mechanics as well as pilots e.g. an estimated shortage of 3.600 pilots annually The aviation industry estimate a fleet growth of 17650 aircraft by 2018 In times of high training demand, training quality is at stake and consequently negative impact on flight safety Variations in training standards worldwide add to the problem Quality level of key personnel must be maintained Risks for delayed aircraft introductions and missed opportunities for growth and ROE.

15 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 15 Industrys Initiative – IATA Training and Qualification Initiative (ITQI) IATAs initiative to 1)review the airline industry training needs for licensed personnel (pilots, mechanics / engineers) and 2)develop recommendations for meeting these needs with no compromise to safety and quality.

16 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 16 ITQI Deliverables

17 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 17 KEY DELIVERABLE: Problem / Impact Analysis Consultant Staff Selection & Assessment Criteria KEY DELIVERABLES: Consultant KEY DELIVERABLES: ICAO Qualification Requirements KEY DELIVERABLES: Boeing Training Devices & Syllabi Cert. Standard for Training Providers Deliverables 2008 2009 2010 Achieve ICAO ANC approval Complete guidance material & working paper for ICAO Develop audit scheme Complete gap analysis of existing requirements / regulations KEY DELIVERABLES: Complete gap analysis of certification standards Complete development of certification standards Complete gap analysis of selection criteria Complete development of selection criteria / best practices guide Implement regionally Complete gap analysis of training devices Complete first draft of best practices and guidance material Complete development of guidance material & implem. concept Conduct market survey Element B1Element B4Element B2Element B3

18 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 18 Member airline survey to verify actual challenges Draft working paper for simulator standards Implementation plan for Multi-Crew Pilot Licensing (MPL) Action plan for harmonization of Flight Crew Licenses Achievements Safety impact analysis Government awareness program Gap Analysis of current global and national regulations Draft industry standard for Flight Training Devices Best practice and guidance material for training concepts Next Steps

19 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 19 Implementation support & audit scheme Update relevant requirements Regulatory acceptance Final ITQI outcome and spin-offs IATA Training and Qualification best industry practice manual Project phases

20 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 20 Summary Regulators will be key to implementation of ITQI A global and collaborative initiative to mitigate the threats inherent to the global shortage of licensed personnel. Secured resources and buy-in from all segments of the aviation industry, to ensure SAFETY to create awareness among the industry, governments and regulators to develop global standards and harmonization needs to work on solutions to develop the New Generation Aviation Professionals Open for all industry stakeholders

21 2008 US/Europe International Aviation Safety Conference, St Petersburg, Florida, 4 th June 2008 21 Industry Stakeholders ICAO, FSF, IFALPA, EASA, Transport Canada, CASA, NCAA, ATA, JAL, CAL, EVA, SIA, MES, SAS, LH, ANA, Delta, IB, Fedex, AF, SAA, KLM, Qantas, Airbus, Boeing, ATR, Embraer, Bombardier LFT, LTT, CAE, Alteon, FSEMC MSI, Thales


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