2 Keeping baby clean Bathing a baby How to bathe a baby Prepare for the baby’s bathGather everything ahead of time: bathtub, towels, washcloths, shampoo, 2 inches warm water, clothesPut the baby in the tubSupport head and neck and lower feet firstWash the baby’s face and pat dryWash and rinse the baby’s hair about 2 times a weekPour water to sides and back of baby’s headWash the baby’s bodyDry the baby’s body and dress to prevent chillsCradle cap – skin condition known for yellowish crusty patches on the scalp
3 Keeping a baby clean continued… Diapering a baby (most essential part of their wardrobe) times a day at firstdiaper rash – a condition that includes patches of rough, red, irritated skin in the diaper area; sometimes painful raw spots; prevent by controlling bacteria in diapers; treat with medicated cream and frequent diaper changesDiaper optionsDisposable diapersPro: Convenient -Con: sensitivityPro: Keep drier -Con: add significantly to environmental wasteCloth diapersPro: most economical if washed at homeCon: more expensive if use diaper servicePro: environmentally friendlyCombination (cloth at home, disposable when out)
4 Designate (specify) a changing area Any flat, clean surfaceChanging tables are good because they have sides (but never leave alone)Supplies: washcloths, disposable wet wipes, and dry wipesHow to change a diaperRemove the diaper and clean the babyPut on a fresh diaperHold ankles and lift the body to slide diaper underneathFasten with adhesive tabs or with diaper pins or diaper tapeAdd plastic or cloth diaper cover over cloth diaper if desireWith cloth put folded part in back for girls and front for boysDispose of used suppliesThrow out in trash container with a lidRinse in flushing toilet and then soaked in covered container filled with water, detergent and bleach (later wash in hot water with mild detergent)
5 Safe child healthy child – respiratory syncytial virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) affects nearly all babies by the age of two. In adults and children, RSV usually causes mild, cold like symptoms. In premature babies, it can develop into a serious respiratory illness. High risk children who are infected with RSV often need to be hospitalized. Parents and other caregivers should follow these steps to help a baby stay free of RSVAlways wash hands with warm water and soap before touching the babyKeep the baby away from anyone with a runny nose, cold, or feverKeep the baby away from smokeBe prepared. All babies are at risk for RSV. Many are infected with it. When diagnosed, there are a number of treatments depending on the severity and risk level of the baby. Do research to find common treatments for RSV. Share your information in an oral presentation to your class.
6 Health care Teeth Begins about sixth week of pregnancy Break thru gums around 6 monthsOnce emerge (appear) begin cleaning them regularly (can begin by cleaning gums regularly before teeth even appear)Get fluoride (water) or supplementsFirst set = primary teeth and are all in by 20 monthsSecond set = permanent teeth and begin around 6 years
7 Teeth continued….Teething begins around 4 months – process of the teeth pushing their way through the gums (gums are swollen and tender so it is often painful)CrankyFuss during mealsDroolLow-grade feverWant to chew on something hardTreatmentMassaging gumsChew on cold, hard, unbreakable object (refrigerated teething ring)Medication (generally not recommended – ask doctor)
8 Health Care continued…. Infant safety concern: prevent accidents before they happenChokingKeep floors clean of small objects: buttons, coins, pinsDo not feed solid food before the doctor says it is safeMake sure food is in small pieces and soft and not a hazard until at least 3 years of ageSuffocationKeep any soft, flexible objects and bags away from infant as they can cover their nose and mouthKeep stuffed animals and blankets out of cribWaterNever lean alone near water (bucket, bathtub or wading pool) – only takes 1-2 inches of water to drownFallsDon’t leave alone on any raised area (bed, changing table, couch…)
9 Health Care continued…. PoisoningBabies put everything in their mouthKeep out of reach and Lock up: personal care products, medicines, household cleaners, paints, garden and garage products and other poisonous substancesKeep plants out of reachBurnsNever leave near hot liquids, ovens or ironsCover electrical outletsKeep water heater set at no higher than 120 degrees FSunWear sunglasses and hats with brimAvoid direct sun exposure (lightweight long pants and shirts)Can use sunscreen after 6 months (some recommend 1 year)AnimalsDon’t know how to act around so don’t leave alone withClothingFlame retardant (especially sleep wear)
10 Health care continued…. Regular checkupsFirst is within a day of birthAll parts of body, reflexes, fontanels, heart rate, breathing, skin color, umbilical stump, nostrils, mouth, eyes, measure weight, length and head circumference, blood sample to test for disorders and diseases, follow up visit 2-3 days laterAdditional: 1 month, 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 monthsAnswer parents questions and concerns
11 The importance of immunizations Immunization – shot of a small amount of a dead or weakened disease-carrying germ given so that the body may build resistance to the disease.Vaccine – most common way to immunize; germ is injected into the bodyOne of most important things a caregiver can provideThe body produces antibodies to fight off the germ so that if exposed, he or she already has the antibodies and will be less likely to get the disease or will only get a mild form of it.State and school regulations require certain ones (this includes child care centers)Keep a recordWatching for illness
13 Expert advice“Even healthy infants have days when they don’t feel so good. Germs are all around us, and infections such as coughs and colds, stomach upsets and eye problems are not uncommon in young infants.”-Donald Schiff, MD and Steven Shelov, MD, co-editors, The American Academy of Pediatrics Guide to your Child’s Symptoms: the Official, Complete Home Reference, Birth Through Adolescence
14 Watching for illness Signs symptoms Irritability Lack of energy ConstipationNasal congestionPersistent coughingDiarrheaRashesVomitingfeversymptoms
15 QuestionsKeeping Baby Healthy. Bathing is an important step in keeping a baby clean. Why should you never leave a baby alone in a bathtub?Caring for baby. Changing diapers is a significant part of a caregiver’s responsibility. Why is changing diapers regularly?Developing teeth. Teething oftn causes discomfort. How can parents and caregivers provide relief?
16 After you read 7.31. Explain how a sponge bath is different from a tub bath2. Describe what happens during a baby’s regular check up.3. (ELA) Imagine that you are caring for a six month old baby. You have put her down for a nap but she begins to cry. What techniques could you use to get the baby to stop crying? Write a list of suggestions4. (SS) Methods for diapering a baby differ from country to country. Choose a country in a different part of the world and research the baby diapering methods used. Write step by step directions and demonstrate the method for the class.