4Tells a story; it has plot and characters #1 - NarrativeTells a story; it has plot and characters
5Poetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythym #2 – Free VersePoetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythymNo set rules to follow
6“Fog” by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits lookingover harbor and cityon silent haunchesand then moves on.
7#3- Limerick …Is a short humorous poem. … Is composed of 5 lines. …has aabba rhyme scheme
8Limerick Example:There was a young lady from Nigerwho smiled as she rode on a tiger.They returned from the ride,with the lady inside,and the smile on the face of the tiger!
9# 4 - LyricPresents the personal thought and feelings of a single speaker.Most poems, other than narratives are lyric poems.Can be a variety of forms and cover many subjects
10A narrative poem that was originally meant to be sung or recited. #5 - BalladA narrative poem that was originally meant to be sung or recited.
11Form = the way it is laid out on the page Form in PoetryForm = the way it is laid out on the pageunusual line breaks(even in the middle of words)lines arranged to create a visualpattern on the page
12…Form Continued…The length of each line helps create rhythm and meaning.Lines may be grouped into STANZAS which express a single idea or theme.Pattern of lines and stanzas often creates pattern of rhyming words.
13“Daffodils” by William Wordsworth I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. The waves beside them danced, but they Out-did the sparkling leaves in glee; A poet could not be but gay, In such a jocund company! I gazed—and gazed—but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: Stanza 1Stanza 2For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.
15A regular pattern of stressed (/) and unstressed (u) syllables MeterA regular pattern of stressed (/) andunstressed (u) syllables
16A writer’s unique way of communicating ideas StyleA writer’s unique way of communicating ideasIt’s not what a poet says, but how a poet says it.Communicated through poet’s words, form, and use of punctuation, capitalization, and spacing
17Sound DevicesAre ways of using words for the sound qualities they create.Help convey meaning and mood in a writers work
18End Rhyme – Rhyming words come at the end of lines Internal Rhyme – Rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry
19Is it end or internal rhyme? "Stopping By Woods On a Snowy Evening” by Robert FrostWhose woods these are I think I know.His house is in the village though;He will not see me stopping hereTo watch his woods fill up with snow.My little horse must think it queerTo stop without a farmhouse nearBetween the woods and frozen lakeThe darkest evening of the year.He gives his harness bells a shakeTo ask if there is some mistake.The only other sound's the sweepOf easy wind and downy flake.The woods are lovely, dark and deep.But I have promises to keep,And miles to go before I sleep,And miles to go before I sleep.
20Is it end or internal rhyme? “You’re the Top” by Cole PorterYou're the top! You're the Colosseum,You're the top! You're the Louvre Museum,You're a melody from a symphony by Strauss,You're a Bendel bonnet, a Shakespeare sonnet,You're Mickey Mouse.You're the Nile, You're the Tow'r of Pisa,You're the smile on the Mona Lisa.I'm a worthless check, a total wreck, a flop,But if, Baby, I'm the bottom, You're the top!
21#2 - RhythmPattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetryUsed to bring out musical quality, emphasize ideas, & create moods
22Repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words #3 - AlliterationRepetition of beginning consonant sounds in words
23Repetition of vowel sounds in the middle of words #4 - AssonanceRepetition of vowel sounds in the middle of wordsExamples:“Hear the lark and harken to the barking of the dark fox gone to ground.” - Pink Floyd“Hear the mellow wedding bells.” - Edgar Allen Poe
24Repeating words, sounds, or phrases to help emphasize meaning #5 - RepetitionRepeating words, sounds, or phrases to help emphasize meaningFrom “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”by Samuel ColeridgeAlone, alone, all, all alone,Alone on a wide wide sea!And never a saint took pity onMy soul in agony.The many men, so beautiful!And they all dead did lie;And a thousand thousand slimy thingsLived on; and so did I.I looked upon the rotting sea,And drew my eyes away;I looked upon the rotting deck,And there the dead men lay.
25The use of words that sound like the noises they describe #6 - OnomatopoeiaThe use of words that sound like the noises they describe