Diversity of Living Things Classification The Five Kingdoms Adaptation
Methods of grouping things according to similarities and differences (ex. colour, age, size) Sorting things into groups helps put order into our lives.
Carolus Linnaeus 1700's - Carolus Linnaeus - Swedish Biologist –established a simple system for classifying and naming organisms –Based on structural similarities of organism –Binomial Nomenclature - 2 name naming system - still in use today. –Created a system of groups called TAXA or TAXON –Each Taxon is a category into which related organisms are placed Approximately 2.5 million kinds of organisms identified
The Science of classifying organisms Classifying plants or animals can be difficult Where do we put the frogs? Where do we put the dogs?
The Monera (Bacteria) Kingdom Simplest form of life Simplest form of life Do not have a nucleus Do not have a nucleus Absorb food Absorb food These are bacteria and cyanobacteria which is also referred to as blue green algae These are bacteria and cyanobacteria which is also referred to as blue green algae Bacteria can be found anywhere, it can grow in hot or cold places Bacteria can be found anywhere, it can grow in hot or cold places Bacteria can feed on many different things Bacteria can feed on many different things
Examples Staphylococcus aureus means "golden cluster seed" in Latin E. Coli Methanogenium frigidum bacteria prefer the cold
The Fungi Kingdom Rooted to the ground Are Not green Cannot make their own food Mushrooms, yeasts, moulds are all forms of fungi They breakdown dead animal and plant remains
The Plant Kingdom Second largest group of living things on earth Can grow almost anywhere there is light and water Trap energy from the sun and make their own food Examples are ferns, evergreens, roses
The Animal Kingdom Largest group of living things on earth Have many cells Cannot make their own food More than a million different kinds of species Able to move Examples; insects mammals, amphibians
Some plants and animals have special structures and behaviours called adaptations. These adaptations allow them to live successfully in their environment
3 KINDS OF ADAPTATIONS WE WILL EXAMINE ARE: 1)CAMOUFLAGE 2)WARNING COLOURATION 3)MINICRY
Makes organisms difficult to see Helps plants or animals to hide Helps animals sneak up on prey Chameleons can change their skin so it blends in with its Background. Camouflage helps the chameleon to hide. Can you find the Chameleon?
Is bright and easy to see Is used by organisms that are poisonous, or dangerous Is used to warn away animals, to keep them from trying to eat an organism The Monarch butterfly has a very bitter taste that birds hate. After trying to eat a monarch butterfly, a bird will remember the bitter taste and the bright pattern, and avoid Monarchs in future
Makes an organism look like another organism Is used to trick animals The Viceroy butterfly looks like a Monarch butterfly, but it doesn’t taste bitter. Birds avoid the Viceroy butterfly, because they think it is the Monarch
REVIEW 1) What does it mean to classify items? 2) Who is Carols Linnaeus? And why is he important? 3) What is Taxonomy? 4) What are the 5 Kingdoms? List and explain each one briefly. 5) What is Adaptation? 6) What three kinds of adaptation were discussed? List and explain each one briefly