Presentation on theme: "Diversity of Living Things"— Presentation transcript:
1 Diversity of Living Things ClassificationThe Five KingdomsAdaptation
2 CLASSIFICATIONMethods of grouping things according to similarities and differences (ex. colour, age, size)Sorting things into groups helps put order into our lives.
3 Carolus Linnaeus 1700's - Carolus Linnaeus - Swedish Biologist established a simple system for classifying and naming organismsBased on structural similarities of organismBinomial Nomenclature - 2 name naming system - still in use today.Created a system of groups called TAXA or TAXONEach Taxon is a category into which related organisms are placedApproximately 2.5 million kinds of organisms identified
4 TAXONOMY The Science of classifying organisms Classifying plants or animalscan be difficultWhere do we put the frogs?TAXONOMYWhere do we put the dogs?
5 The Five KingdomsProtistMonera (bacteria)FungiPlantAnimal
6 The Protist Kingdom Amoeba Single Celled All have a nucleus Absorb, ingest, and/or photosynthesize foodExamples are: paramecium, amoebaAmoeba
8 The Monera (Bacteria) Kingdom Simplest form of lifeDo not have a nucleusAbsorb foodThese are bacteria and cyanobacteria which is also referred to as blue green algaeBacteria can be found anywhere, it can grow in hot or cold placesBacteria can feed on many different things
9 Examples E. Coli Staphylococcus aureus means "golden cluster seed" in LatinE. ColiMethanogenium frigidum bacteriaprefer the cold
10 The Fungi Kingdom Rooted to the ground Are Not green Cannot make their own foodMushrooms, yeasts, moulds are all forms of fungiThey breakdown dead animal and plant remains
11 The Plant Kingdom Second largest group of living things on earth Can grow almost anywhere there is light and waterTrap energy from the sun and make their own foodExamples are ferns, evergreens, roses
15 Adaptations Some plants and animals have special structures and behaviours called adaptations.These adaptations allow themto live successfully in theirenvironment
16 3 KINDS OF ADAPTATIONS WE WILL EXAMINE ARE: CAMOUFLAGEWARNING COLOURATIONMINICRY
17 Camouflage Makes organisms difficult to see Helps plants or animals to hideHelps animals sneak up on preyChameleons can change theirskin so it blends in with itsBackground. Camouflage helpsthe chameleon to hide.Can you find the Chameleon?
18 Warning Colouration Is bright and easy to see Is used by organisms that are poisonous, or dangerousIs used to warn away animals, to keep them from trying to eat an organismThe Monarch butterfly has a verybitter taste that birds hate. Aftertrying to eat a monarch butterfly, a bird willremember the bitter taste and the bright pattern, and avoid Monarchs in future
19 Mimicry Makes an organism look like another organism Is used to trick animalsThe Viceroy butterfly looks like aMonarch butterfly, but it doesn’ttaste bitter. Birds avoid theViceroy butterfly, because they think it is the Monarch
20 REVIEW What does it mean to classify items? Who is Carols Linnaeus? And why is he important?What is Taxonomy?What are the 5 Kingdoms? List and explain each one briefly.What is Adaptation?What three kinds of adaptation were discussed? List and explain each one briefly