Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Diversity of Living Things

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Diversity of Living Things"— Presentation transcript:

1 Diversity of Living Things
Classification The Five Kingdoms Adaptation

2 CLASSIFICATION Methods of grouping things according to similarities and differences (ex. colour, age, size) Sorting things into groups helps put order into our lives.

3 Carolus Linnaeus 1700's - Carolus Linnaeus - Swedish Biologist
established a simple system for classifying and naming organisms Based on structural similarities of organism Binomial Nomenclature - 2 name naming system - still in use today. Created a system of groups called TAXA or TAXON Each Taxon is a category into which related organisms are placed Approximately 2.5 million kinds of organisms identified

4 TAXONOMY The Science of classifying organisms
Classifying plants or animals can be difficult Where do we put the frogs? TAXONOMY Where do we put the dogs?

5 The Five Kingdoms Protist Monera (bacteria) Fungi Plant Animal

6 The Protist Kingdom Amoeba Single Celled All have a nucleus
Absorb, ingest, and/or photosynthesize food Examples are: paramecium, amoeba Amoeba

7 Examples Paramecium

8 The Monera (Bacteria) Kingdom
Simplest form of life Do not have a nucleus Absorb food These are bacteria and cyanobacteria which is also referred to as blue green algae Bacteria can be found anywhere, it can grow in hot or cold places Bacteria can feed on many different things

9 Examples E. Coli Staphylococcus aureus means "golden cluster seed"
in Latin E. Coli Methanogenium frigidum bacteria prefer the cold

10 The Fungi Kingdom Rooted to the ground Are Not green
Cannot make their own food Mushrooms, yeasts, moulds are all forms of fungi They breakdown dead animal and plant remains

11 The Plant Kingdom Second largest group of living things on earth
Can grow almost anywhere there is light and water Trap energy from the sun and make their own food Examples are ferns, evergreens, roses

12 Examples

13 The Animal Kingdom Largest group of living things on earth
Have many cells Cannot make their own food More than a million different kinds of species Able to move Examples; insects mammals, amphibians

14 Examples

15 Adaptations Some plants and animals have special structures and
behaviours called adaptations. These adaptations allow them to live successfully in their environment


17 Camouflage Makes organisms difficult to see
Helps plants or animals to hide Helps animals sneak up on prey Chameleons can change their skin so it blends in with its Background. Camouflage helps the chameleon to hide. Can you find the Chameleon?

18 Warning Colouration Is bright and easy to see
Is used by organisms that are poisonous, or dangerous Is used to warn away animals, to keep them from trying to eat an organism The Monarch butterfly has a very bitter taste that birds hate. After trying to eat a monarch butterfly, a bird will remember the bitter taste and the bright pattern, and avoid Monarchs in future

19 Mimicry Makes an organism look like another organism
Is used to trick animals The Viceroy butterfly looks like a Monarch butterfly, but it doesn’t taste bitter. Birds avoid the Viceroy butterfly, because they think it is the Monarch

20 REVIEW What does it mean to classify items?
Who is Carols Linnaeus? And why is he important? What is Taxonomy? What are the 5 Kingdoms? List and explain each one briefly. What is Adaptation? What three kinds of adaptation were discussed? List and explain each one briefly

Download ppt "Diversity of Living Things"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google