Presentation on theme: "October 14, 2010 Get textbooks and binders Student news Chapter 8."— Presentation transcript:
October 14, 2010 Get textbooks and binders Student news Chapter 8
Canada is the world's second largest country. From New York it takes about 8 hours driving time to get to the Canadian border. You can fly from New York City to Toronto in about an hour and a half. Four of the Great Lakes make up a border between Canada and the United States.
It is believed hunters from Siberia traveled across the bridge to become the first people in North America. Inuits The Vikings arrived from Scandinavia sometime around 1000 AD in what we now call Newfoundland. The French and the British explored Canada in the 1500s & 1600s.
Canada's population is very diverse. AncestryPercentage British40% French27% Scottish14% Irish12.9% German9.9% Italian4.3% Chinese3.6% North American Indian 3.4%
Canada is like the United States in many ways. Most people live in or near cities. Canada has two official languages, English and French. Canadians work in offices and factories. Most Canadians live in southern Canada within 100 miles of the U.S. border. Canada Day Celebration
The United States has about 290 million people and Canada has 30 million people. That's about as many people as in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut combined. Ottawa is the capital of Canada. It is in the province of Ontario.
The Canadian Shield covers more than half of Canada and reaches from the Great Lakes to the Arctic Ocean including most of Greenland and parts of the United States. It is very hard to live in the Canadian Shield because it is rugged. The Canadian Shield’s primary industries are farming, mining and forestry. It is mostly covered by flat rocky ground and thick forests. There are also many lakes. The soil in the lowlands of the Canadian Shield (Hudson Bay Area) is soggy and good for planting trees. The rest of the region has poor soil frozen year round. This is called the "tundra." Most of Canada is tundra.
Only 12% of Canadian land is suitable for farming. The farmlands are mostly in the Saint Lawrence lowlands. T Timber is Canada's main natural resource.
Toronto is the capital of Ontario and Canada's most populace city. 4,682,897 people live there. That's more than Los Angeles but less than New York City. During the 1800s, some African Americans fleeing slavery on the Underground Railroad came to Toronto. Toronto is a busy metropolitan city.
Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. Canada's smallest province is Prince Edward Island and Northwest Territories is the largest. There are vast open areas, large cities, magnificent glaciers, forests, lakes and mountains Bea Glacier Stewart, British Columbia
Canada's smallest province is Prince Edward Island. Although it is the smallest province, it is tenth by ranking in population. Prince Edward Island, or P.E.I, was named after Queen Victoria's father Prince Edward. It has many beaches, preserves and parks made for protecting the animals that live on them. Famous explorer Jacques Cartier discovered Prince Edward Island. Charlottetown is the capitol of Prince Edward Island and it's largest city.
Nova Scotia is Latin for New Scotland. Wherever you go on the island you are never more that 37 miles away from the Atlantic Ocean.
New Brunswick is one of the least populated provinces in Canada. It has rich farmland. 85% of New Brunswick is covered in forest.
Newfoundland is a beautiful province to visit. Vikings were the first to settle this province on the Atlantic Ocean and Labrador Sea. Newfoundland has about 120,000 moose on the island.
Most people that live in Quebec speak French. Quebec City is Quebec's capital and the only walled city in North America. It is also the oldest city in Canada. Montreal is Quebec's largest city and the most populated.
Ontario is the most populace province in Canada with 11,874,400 people. It is the 4th largest province. Canada's capital, Ottawa, is in Ontario.
Three of the provinces in the interior of the country are called the Prairie Provinces. They are Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. There is good farming in the Prairie Provinces.
Manitoba has prairies, forests, lakes, and tundra. Winnipeg is the provincial capital About 35% of Manitoba consist of plains. These are called the Interior Plains. About 16% of Manitoba's surface area is covered with water.
The name Saskatchewan comes from the Plains Indians' word "kisiskatchewan" which means the river that flows swiftly. One half of this Prairie Province is covered by forest, one-third is farmland and one- eighth is fresh water. Saskatchewan produces more than half of all the wheat grown in Canada. Regina, the provincial capital.
Alberta's motto is strong and free and its capital is Edmonton. Alberta grows more oats than any other place in North America and gives Canada wheat, rye, and beef cattle. West Edmonton Mall which is the largest shopping mall in the world
British Columbia is "Canada's playground." Forests and mountains cover most of the province. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria.
The Northwest Territory makes up one-third of all Canada's land. The Northwest Territory's capital is Yellowknife. If you visit in June the sun is up 24 hours a day. stunning view of the "aoura boralis" or Northern Lights.
Yukon Territory is the 9th largest province in size. Its population is only around 29,900. It has a very cold climate. The capitol and largest city is Whitehorse. In 1896 gold was discovered in the Yukon.
Nunavut is the second largest province in Canada. It is one of the most northern provinces in Canada and is extremely cold. Its capital is Iqaluit. 85% of the 25,000 residents who live in Nunavut are Inuit. The Inuit people called their new land Nunavut, meaning "Our Land." Nunavut has only one road.