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**Find the circumference and area of circles.**

pi center radius chord diameter Main Idea/Vocabulary

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KC

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**Find the Circumferences of Circles**

Find the circumference of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth. C = d Circumference of a circle C = 5 Replace d with 5. C = 5 This is the exact circumference. Use a calculator to find 5 × ENTER = Answer: The circumference is about 15.7 feet. Example 1

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**Find the circumference of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth.**

A in. B in. C in. D in. A B C D Example 1

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**Find the Circumferences of Circles**

Find the circumference of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth. C = 2r Circumference of a circle C = 2 3.8 Replace r with 3.8. C ≈ 23.9 Use a calculator. Answer: The circumference is about 23.9 meters. Example 2

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**Find the circumference of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth.**

A. 9.4 m B m C m D m A B C D Example 2

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KC

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**Find the Areas of Circles**

Find the area of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth. A = r2 Area of a circle A = 32 Replace r with 3. A = 9 Evaluate 32. A ≈ 28.3 Use a calculator. Answer: The area is about 28.3 square yards. Example 3

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**Find the area of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth.**

A ft2 B ft2 C ft2 D ft2 A B C D Example 3

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**Find the Areas of Circles**

Find the area of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth. A = r 2 Area of a circle A = 52 Replace r with half of 10 or 5. A = 25 Evaluate 52. A ≈ 78.5 Use a calculator. Answer: The area is about 78.5 square inches. Example 4

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**Find the area of the circle. Round to the nearest tenth.**

A cm2 B cm2 C cm2 D cm2 A B C D Example 4

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**POOLS The Patels have a circular pool with a radius of 12 feet**

POOLS The Patels have a circular pool with a radius of 12 feet. They plan on installing a 4-foot-wide walkway around the pool. What will be the area of the walkway? To determine the area of the walkway, you must subtract the area of the pool from the area of the outer circle that includes the pool and the walkway. Example 5

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**A = (16)2 Replace r with 12 + 4 or 16. A = 256 Evaluate 162.**

Area of Outer Circle A = r 2 Area of a circle A = (16)2 Replace r with or 16. A = 256 Evaluate 162. Example 5

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**Area of Pool A = r 2 Area of a circle A = 122 Replace r with 12.**

A = 144 Evaluate 122. Example 5

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**Area of Outer Circle – Area of Pool**

Area of Walkway ≈ 256 – 144 ≈ 351.9 Area of Outer Circle – Area of Pool Answer: The area of the walkway is about square feet. Example 5

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**POOLS The Shoemakers have a circular pond with a radius of 4 feet**

POOLS The Shoemakers have a circular pond with a radius of 4 feet. They plan on installing a 2-foot-wide walkway around the pond. What will be the area of the walkway? A ft2 B ft2 C ft2 D ft2 A B C D Example 5

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**Refer to the figure. Find m1 if m2 is 35°.**

(over Chapter 6) Refer to the figure. Find m1 if m2 is 35°. A. 145° B. 125° C. 55° D. 35° A B C D Five Minute Check 1

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(over Chapter 6) Find the coordinates of the vertices of triangle LMN with vertices L(2, –1), M(0, –3), and N(4, –3) translated by (–2, 3). A. L'(0, 2), M'(–2, 0), N'(2, 0) B. L'(0, 4), M'(–2, 0), N'(2, 0) C. L'(4, 2), M'(2, 0), N'(6, 0) D. L'(4, –4), M'(2, –6), N'(6, –6) A B C D Five Minute Check 2

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(over Chapter 6) Find the coordinates of the vertices of rectangle JKLM with vertices J(–5, 4), K(–2, 4), L(–2, 3), and M(–5, 3) translated by (1, –2). A. J'(–4, 2), K'(–1, 2), L'(–1, 1), M'(6, 1) B. J'(–4, 2), K'(3, 2), L'(–1, 1), M'(–4, 1) C. J'(–4, 2), K'(–1, 2), L'(–1, 1), M'(–4, 1) D. J'(6, 2), K'(–1, 2), L'(–1, 1), M'(–4, 1) A B C D Five Minute Check 3

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(over Chapter 6) Find the coordinates of the vertices of trapezoid PQRS with vertices P(–4, –3), Q(–1, –3), R(–1, –2), and S(–4, –1) translated by (5, 1). A. P'(1, –2), Q'(4, –2), R'(4, –1), S'(1, 2) B. P'(1, –2), Q'(4, –2), R'(4, –1), S'(1, 0) C. P'(1,4), Q'(4, –2), R'(4, –1), S'(1, 0) D. P'(1, –2), Q'(4, 4), R'(4, –1), S'(1, 0) A B C D Five Minute Check 4

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**Refer to the figure. What is the measure of angle C?**

(over Chapter 6) Refer to the figure. What is the measure of angle C? A. 40° B. 80° C. 100° D. 140° A B C D Five Minute Check 5

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11.4 Circumference and Arc Length

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