Domestic and World Events What in the World Made Us So Cynical?
The Vietnam War 1955-1975 A “military conflict” between Communist N. Vietnam and anti- Communist S. Vietnam 58, 220 US Soldiers were killed Brought anti-war protests and divided the US along 2 lines (usually generational)
Economic Recession 1973-1975 Record Unemployment meets record-high inflation Caused by— – Vietnam War, –The 1973 Oil Crisis, –Competition from emerging countries competing with metal production –1973-74 Stock Market Crash
Kent State University 1970 Peace rally broken up by Ohio National Guard 4 unarmed students killed, 9 wounded 67 rounds fired in 13 seconds
Watergate Scandal (1972-74) Break-in at the DNC headquarters Cover-up by Nixon’s administration 43 Federal Indictments Resignation of the President
Attica Prison Riot 1971 Uprising and Over-taking of Attica Prison after a killing of a Black Activist Prisoner in San Quentin Race--54% of prisoners were Black/100% of prison guards White Prisoners demanded better conditions 28 demands were eventually met 39 dead (10 guards/ civilians)
The Manson Murders 1969—Tate/LaBianca murders in the Hollywood hills Followers were white, upper-middle class Brought fear to American families Manson follower Squeaky Fromme went on to attempt assassination of Gerald Ford
The Resulting Effect Fear and distrust of authority Cynicism Shifting in gender roles “dark” mood of the nation (pessimism) Desensitization to violence Desire to escape
Social Climate How did world events change our culture?
Empowerment of Women More films told stories from the woman’s perspective Reflects a more important role in society for women
Empowerment of Women: contributing factors Increased divorce rate Vietnam Birth Control Pills Roe vs. Wade
NOW and the ERA The National Organization for Women sought the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment Guaranteed equal pay Abortion Rights Equalization in Representation
The Sexual Revolution Films began to address taboo issues regarding human sexuality –Homosexuality –Transgender issues –“Open” relationships –Adultery –Casual sex
The Sexual Revolution: contributing factors Women’s Movement Gay Rights movement Increased self- awareness Roe vs. Wade Increased divorce rates Recession
Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis Why do I do the things I do? People began to enter into therapy and re-hab; the “self- help” movement was popularized Films began to reflect the desire to understand one’s place in the “big picture” Films became more introspective New filmmakers emerged
The Importance of the Arts People found comfort and escape through the arts and entertainment The arts became divisive—the pop culturists vs. the intelligentsia Films began to reference other created resources, aligning with established audiences