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If Condition (اذا الشرطية) Page 16. Conditional Sentences with (If-Clause) : Imaginary Situations… Use the simple past in the if-clause. (Would) is often.

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Presentation on theme: "If Condition (اذا الشرطية) Page 16. Conditional Sentences with (If-Clause) : Imaginary Situations… Use the simple past in the if-clause. (Would) is often."— Presentation transcript:

1 If Condition (اذا الشرطية) Page 16

2 Conditional Sentences with (If-Clause) : Imaginary Situations… Use the simple past in the if-clause. (Would) is often used in the main clause. For Example: If I found a million dollars, I would keep it. Use the simple past in the if-clause. (Would) is often used in the main clause. For Example: If I found a million dollars, I would keep it. The contraction of would is d and is used with all subjects: Id, youd, hed, shed, wed, theyd. For Example: Theyd be happy if they had time to take a vacation. Or If they had time to take a vacation, theyd be happy The contraction of would is d and is used with all subjects: Id, youd, hed, shed, wed, theyd. For Example: Theyd be happy if they had time to take a vacation. Or If they had time to take a vacation, theyd be happy if-clause Main clause

3 Conditional Sentences with Might and Could Might can replace would in conditional sentences to express possibility. For example: If I had extra money, I might take a vacation to Hawaii. Could can be used in the if-clause. It means if someone were able to. For Example: If I could travel anywhere, Id go to Tahiti. Could can also be used in the main clause. It means would be able to. For Example: If we had more time, we could play another game of tennis. Might can replace would in conditional sentences to express possibility. For example: If I had extra money, I might take a vacation to Hawaii. Could can be used in the if-clause. It means if someone were able to. For Example: If I could travel anywhere, Id go to Tahiti. Could can also be used in the main clause. It means would be able to. For Example: If we had more time, we could play another game of tennis.

4 Verb: Wish Use wish for things you want to happen but probably wont Verb: Wish Use wish for things you want to happen but probably wont In the present I dont have much time. I wish I had more time. I have to study today. I wish I didnt have to study today. Im not rich. I wish I was/were rich. I cant go to the mall. I wish I could go to the mall. In the future He wont lend me his car. I wish he would lend me his car. Note: Was is usually used in informal spoken English with I. I wish I was a millionaire. In the present I dont have much time. I wish I had more time. I have to study today. I wish I didnt have to study today. Im not rich. I wish I was/were rich. I cant go to the mall. I wish I could go to the mall. In the future He wont lend me his car. I wish he would lend me his car. Note: Was is usually used in informal spoken English with I. I wish I was a millionaire.

5 Read each example in the grammar section. Find sentences in the texts you read on the previous pages that are similar and underline them. A. Match the sentence parts: 1. If I were a very rich person, ___ 2. If I saw someone who was stealing in a store, ___ 3. If I had more experience, ___ 4. If I could say something to the president, ___ 5. If I had to leave my home, ___ 6. If I could choose any destination, ___ a. Id tell him to cut taxes. b. I might live with my aunt. c. Id travel to New Zealand. d. I wouldnt have to work. e. Id apply for the job. f. Id call the police. d f e a b c

6 B. Work with a partner. Make sentences that start with the if- clauses in exercise A and end with your own ideas.. C. Discuss the following situations in a group. What would you do? 1. Someone took your shopping cart by mistake in the supermarket. 1. Someone took your shopping cart by mistake in the supermarket. Id just say, Sorry. Thats my cart. 2. Youre in a hotel and you see a famous writer. I wouldnt bother the celebrity and ask for an autograph.

7 3. You lent a friend some money, but the person didnt return it. Id politely ask for the money back. 4. You lent a friend a dress or a suit for a special occasion. When he/she returned it, it had a big spot on it. 4. You lent a friend a dress or a suit for a special occasion. When he/she returned it, it had a big spot on it. I wouldnt say anything. Id just take the item to the dry cleaners. 5. You saw someone cheating on a test. I might tell the teacher.

8 D. Problem Solving Work in groups. Pretend your city has the following problems, and you are the government official in charge of solving them. What would you do? D. Problem Solving Work in groups. Pretend your city has the following problems, and you are the government official in charge of solving them. What would you do? Example: If I were mayor, I would build a rail system to connect various parts of the city. poor public transportation __________________________________. no recycling facilities _______________________________________. old schools ____________________________________________. crime ______________________________________. traffic ___________________________________________. pollution _______________________________________________. poor health services _________________________________. poor telephone service___________________________________. too much garbage ________________________________________. few sport facilities _________________________________________. few libraries _________________________________________. expensive housing _________________________________________. Id put more buses on the road. Id have more recycling bins on the streets. I would build new schools. Id have more police officers on the street. Id limit access to the downtown area to buses and taxis. Id pass laws against pollution by factories. Id build a new city hospital. Id improve the telephone service. Id have the garbage picked up more often. Id build a sports complex. Id have a library in every neighborhood. Id encourage builders to build more houses and apartment buildings.

9 E. Use the verb wish to complete the sentences. In some cases, more than one verb form can be correct. 1.Your friend eats too much junk food and you think its unhealthy. I wish my friend________________ didnt / wouldnt eat too much junk food. 2. A friend asked you to go surfing, but you dont know how to surf. I wish I ________________ knew how to surf. Your best friend is a wonderful person, but he/she talks too much. I wish that my best friend didnt talk so much/wouldnt talk so much

10 3. Your parents wont let you go out tomorrow night. I wish my parents _____________________ 3. Your parents wont let you go out tomorrow night. I wish my parents _____________________ would let me go out tomorrow night. 4. Its raining again. I wish it _______________________ werent raining. 5. You want to buy someone a present, but you dont have enough money. I wish I _______________________ had enough money to buy a present. 6. You have to wear a uniform to school, and you dont want to. I wish we ______________________ didnt have to wear a uniform to school.

11 Prepared by Khalid Saeed Al shahrani خالد سعيد الشهراني Khalid Saeed Al shahrani خالد سعيد الشهراني اعداد المعلم All Copy Rights © Reserved 2012


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