2Conditional Sentences with (If-Clause) : Imaginary Situations… Use the simple past in the if-clause. (Would) is often used in the main clause.For Example:If I found a million dollars, I would keep it.if-clauseMain clauseThe contraction of would is ’d and is used with all subjects: I’d, you’d, he’d, she’d, we’d, they’d.For Example:They’d be happy if they had time to take a vacation.Or If they had time to take a vacation, they’d be happy
3Conditional Sentences with Might and Could Might can replace would in conditional sentences to express possibility.For example:If I had extra money, I might take a vacation to Hawaii.Could can be used in the if-clause. It means “if someone wereable to.”For Example:If I could travel anywhere, I’d go to Tahiti.Could can also be used in the main clause. It means “would be able to.”If we had more time, we could play another game of tennis.
4Use wish for things you want to happen but probably won’t Verb: WishUse wish for things you want to happen but probably won’tIn the presentI don’t have much time. I wish I had more time.I have to study today I wish I didn’t have to study today.I’m not rich I wish I was/were rich.I can’t go to the mall I wish I could go to the mall.In the futureHe won’t lend me his car. I wish he would lend me his car.Note: Was is usually used in informal spoken English with I.I wish I was a millionaire.
5Read each example in the grammar section Read each example in the grammar section. Find sentences in the texts you read on the previous pages that are similar and underline them. A. Match the sentence parts:da. I’d tell him to cut taxes.b. I might live with my aunt.c. I’d travel to New Zealand.d. I wouldn’t have to work.e. I’d apply for the job.f. I’d call the police.1. If I were a very rich person, ___2. If I saw someone who was stealing in a store, ___3. If I had more experience, ___4. If I could say something to the president, ___5. If I had to leave my home, ___6. If I could choose any destination, ___feabc
6B. Work with a partner. Make sentences that start with the if-clauses in exercise A and end with your own ideas..C. Discuss the following situations in a group. What would you do?1. Someone took your shopping cart by mistake inthe supermarket.I’d just say, “Sorry. That’s my cart.2. You’re in a hotel and you see a famous writer.I wouldn’t bother the celebrity and ask for an autograph.
73. You lent a friend some money, but the person didn’t return it. I’d politely ask for the money back.4. You lent a friend a dress or a suit for a special occasion.When he/she returned it, it had a big spot on it.I wouldn’t say anything. I’d just take the item to the dry cleaners.5. You saw someone cheating on a test.I might tell the teacher.
8D. Problem SolvingWork in groups. Pretend your city has the following problems, and you are the government official in charge of solving them. What would you do?Example: If I were mayor, I would build a rail system to connect various parts of the city.poor public transportation __________________________________.no recycling facilities _______________________________________.old schools ____________________________________________.crime ______________________________________.traffic ___________________________________________.pollution _______________________________________________.poor health services _________________________________.poor telephone service___________________________________.too much garbage ________________________________________.few sport facilities _________________________________________.few libraries _________________________________________.expensive housing _________________________________________.I’d put more buses on the road.I’d have more recycling bins on the streets.I would build new schools.I’d have more police officers on the street.I’d limit access to the downtown area to buses and taxis.I’d pass laws against pollution by factories.I’d build a new city hospital.I’d improve the telephone service.I’d have the garbage picked up more often.I’d build a sports complex.I’d have a library in every neighborhood.I’d encourage builders to build more houses and apartment buildings.
9didn’t / wouldn’t eat too much junk food. E. Use the verb wish to complete the sentences. In some cases, more than one verb form can be correct.Your best friend is a wonderful person, but he/she talks too much.I wish that my best friend didn’t talk so much/wouldn’t talk so much1.Your friend eats too much junk food and you think it’s unhealthy. I wish my friend________________didn’t / wouldn’t eat too much junk food.2. A friend asked you to go surfing, but you don’t know how to surf. I wish I ________________knew how to surf.
103. Your parents won’t let you go out tomorrow night. I wish my parents _____________________would let me go out tomorrow night.4. It’s raining again. I wish it _______________________weren’t raining.5. You want to buy someone a present, but you don’t have enough money. I wish I _______________________had enough money to buy a present.6. You have to wear a uniform to school, and you don’t want to. I wish we ______________________didn’t have to wear a uniform to school.