Presentation on theme: "The Acropolis The Acropolis was a religious shrine and fortress. Acropolis means “high city”. This flat limestone rock was very special to the Athenians."— Presentation transcript:
The Acropolis The Acropolis was a religious shrine and fortress. Acropolis means “high city”. This flat limestone rock was very special to the Athenians. They built public buildings and temples on it. Timeline 1200 B.C. – Built a wall around most of it. 530 B.C. – Built temple to honor Athena. 480 B.C. – Persians captured Athens and destroyed most of the buildings. 5 th Century B.C. – Golden Age and Persian Wars 447 B.C. - Pericles was the ruler. He ordered the rebuilding of the Acropolis and new structures – the Parthenon was built. It is the best known temple. Propylaea – the huge entrance to the Acropolis. It was never completed due to the Peloponnesian War.
The Parthenon 449 B.C. – Pericles asked sculptor Phidas to rebuild the Acropolis. It took 2 years to plan. July 28, 447 B.C. – the first stone was laid. It was designed by Callicrates, Mnesicles, Ictinus Building Information 228 feet long 65 feet high 101 feet wide Simple design 40 foot statue of Athena left hand has 20 foot shield right hand has statue of Nike 46 Doric columns that went around all 4 sides Was built with the finest marble http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/glorious-parthenon.html