Presentation on theme: "The first 10 amendments To the U. S. Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1The first 10 amendments To the U. S. Constitution The Bill of RightsThe first 10 amendmentsTo the U. S. Constitution
2Who determines what the Bill of Rights mean? The Supreme Court makes rulings on the meaningThe Supreme Court balances the rights of the individual with the needs of societyIndividual??Society??
3The first amendment—5 rights mentioned Freedom of SpeechFreedom of ReligionFreedom of the PressFreedom of AssemblyRight to petition the government
4Five Rights in the Amendment Freedom of ReligionFreedom of speechFreedom of the pressFreedom of AssemblyPetition the government
5Freedom of Religion Establishment clause Free Exercise clause “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise there of”Two clauses:Establishment clauseFree Exercise clause
6Establishment and free exercise clause often conflict with each other In schools, the religion issue is most prevalentIf a student raises his hand and says “teacher, can we say an opening prayer before this test”If the teacher says:“Yes”, It looks like establishment of religion“No”, It is deigning a student free exercise.
8Establishment clause-Government Cans Cannot Teach about religions in schoolAllow voluntary prayer in many examplesTransport students to a religious schoolRead Bible for culture or literacy contentSet a state religionGovernment cannot order a prayerTeach religious doctrine in the schoolPay seminary teachersTeach creationism
10Free Exercise—The person Can Cannot Choose whatever religionLead a prayer in most examplesAsk questions about religionsWorship who ever you wantBreak the law and claim it is religious beliefRaise children without educationDeprave children of basic needs
11Freedom of speech“Congress shall make no laws abridging the freedom of speech”
12Free speech– The individual can: Say any political beliefProtest (without getting out of control)Say things about someone that are trueBurn the flagSay racist and hate slogansFree speech means someone might say something you disagree with
13Free speech—limits on the person Threaten to blow up airplanes, schools or the presidentSexual harassmentCreate too much social chaosExtremely crude language in a public formDisrespectful, vulgar language in schoolsHate crimes
14Freedom of the pressCongress shall make no law abridging the freedom of the press.”
15Freedom of the press-the press Can Cannot Print any political positionMake fun of people, especially politiciansExpose wrongs by the governmentSay things you might not agree withLibel– intentionally injuring a person’s reputation by false factsDisclose defense-security secretsDetail how to make a certain weapons
16Freedom of AssemblyCongress shall make no law Abridging The people to peaceably assemble”
17Freedom of Assembly--Individual Can Cannot ProtestParade (with a permit)Parade chanting hate slogansGang members can congregate in publicProtest by throwing rocks and breaking windowsHang out on private land against owners will—loiteringTeen curfew
18Petition the Government “Congress shall make no law Abridging the people. . . to petition the government for a redress of grievances”
19Petition the government You may sue the government for wrongsYou cannot be punished for exposing wrongs by the governmentThe courts decide the wrongs
202nd Amendment—Right to bear arms “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.”
21What is the debate with the right to bear arms? How much can the government keep guns from criminals and youth?In order to keep guns away from criminals, does that limit the right of law abiding citizens?
22Gun debate continuedThousands of people die every year because of gunsThousands of crimes are prevented because of gunsShoes representing gun deaths.
23Third AmendmentThe Government cannot force you to shelter soldiers in your home without your consent in time of war or peace.
24Rights of the Accused Amendments #4-8 Important to preserve freedom
25Fourth AmendmentWhat does a policeman need in order to search your home?A warrant given to him by a judgeProbable cause is also needed
26Fifth AmendmentYou cannot be tried for the same crime twice—called “Double Jeopardy”You do not have to testify against your self. “I plead the fifth”You must have due process of law before you are convictedThe government cannot take your land unless it pays.
27Sixth AmendmentRight to speedy trial by impartial jury—meaning not favoring either side
28Sixth Amendment continued You must be told of chargesYou must be provided a lawyer if you cannot afford one
29Eighth AmendmentNo excessive bailNo cruel and unusual punishment