2Section 1: Physical Properties and Changes Physical property—any characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter: a physical change makes physical properties change, but their identity remains the same.
3Any characteristic that can be observed or measured is a physical property. Length can be measured.
4Any characteristic that can be observed or measured is a physical property. Mass (amount of material in an object) can be measured.
5Any characteristic that can be observed or measured is a physical property. Volume is a measure of how much space an object takes up;
6Any characteristic that can be observed or measured is a physical property. i. Density is the amount of mass a material has for a given volume.The same open suitcase on each side. When close d they have the same volume.But ONE is more dense. Which one?Would they be the same on a triple beam balance?
9It is not always easy to know by looking at objects It is not always easy to know by looking at objects. A Coke can and Diet Coke can look alike. If we dropped them both in water (displacement) then the water should rise the same amount for both cans: meaning that they have the same volume.
10 Physical appearances can be observed (5 senses)
11Solid, liquid, gas and plasma are four states of matter Solid, liquid, gas and plasma are four states of matter. An object’s state of matter depends on its temperature and pressure.
12Solid, liquid, gas and plasma are four states of matter Solid, liquid, gas and plasma are four states of matter. An object’s state of matter depends on its temperature and pressure.Melting point—temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid (ice melting)Boiling point—temperature at which a liquid becomes a gas (water boiling)B.Physical properties can be used to identify, classify, and separate substances.
14Matter is made up of moving particles Matter is made up of moving particles. Matter in the plasma phase have the most energy, gas has less than plasma, liquid has less energy than gas, and solids have less energy than liquids.
15PlasmaPlasma is a state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion of the particles are ionized.Heating a gas may ionize (reduce the number of electrons in) its molecules or atoms, thus turning it into a plasma, which contains charged particles: positive ions and negative electrons..
16Like gas, plasma does not have a definite shape or a definite volume unless enclosed in a container; Unlike gas, under the influence of a magnetic field, it may form structures such as filaments.A common plasma are stars.
17Section 2: Chemical Properties and Changes Chemical Property—characteristic that gives a substance the ability to undergo a change that results in a new substance1. Flammability2. Reacts with oxygen, light, water, or other substances
18Chemical change—change in the identity of a substance due to its chemical properties. 1. Signs of a chemical change include the production of bubbles, heat, light, smoke, sounds or color changes.2. Chemical changes are not reversible using physical means.
19Law of conservation of mass—mass is never lost or gained in a chemical reaction. 1. When material is burned, residue is less massive than original material2. Ash, smoke, and gases escaped into the air—(they are still considered matter.)3. Their mass was not lost, only relocated.
20Example—Physical Change BeforeAfter changeWhich one has the greater mass?
21Example Chemical Reaction BeforeDuring (fire,smoke)After change
22Logs burning Cutting paper Crushing an aspirin Is it a chemical or physical change?Sugar dissolving in teaLogs burningCutting paperCrushing an aspirin