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Tobacco is a stimulant.. Why do people smoke? At what age do most smokers start?

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Presentation on theme: "Tobacco is a stimulant.. Why do people smoke? At what age do most smokers start?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tobacco is a stimulant.

2 Why do people smoke? At what age do most smokers start?

3 American Tobacco Company also known as Lorillard sells an eCigarette called Blu. Altria (Phillip Morris) makers of Copenhagen, Marlboro, Skoal has come out with an eCigarette called MarkTen. RJ Reynolds, the second- largest U.S. tobacco company – makers of Camel, Kool and Kodiak has come out with an eCigarette called Vuse. The cartridge holds a liquid carbohydrate called glycerin mixed with nicotine.

4  Purchase/Possession of Tobacco Products by Minors A minor is guilty of a summary offense if they purchases or attempt to purchase a tobacco product; or falsely represents to be 18 years of age for the purpose of purchasing or receiving a tobacco product. A minor who violates this law shall be sentenced / assigned to any of the following: > 75 hours of community service > Attendance at Tobacco Education Program > Fined up to $200 > 30-day Suspension of Driver’s License Does not apply to minors used to test compliance. 18 PA. CONS. STAT. § 6305 (2002)

5 Is being a non-smoker the norm or the exception? Who’s more anti-smoking? Adults or teens?

6 United States

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8 Are the US smoking rates higher or lower than the rest of the world?

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10 Why are tobacco ads legal? Why don't they just ban them? How do tobacco companies market their product?

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13 Why do tobacco companies put warning labels on their products?

14 Why do tobacco companies promote quitting smoking?

15 Alcohol

16 Alcohol is a depressant.

17 Nearly half of people who start drinking before age 13 will develop a serious problem with alcohol.

18 Each year, approximately 5,000 people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking. This includes about 1,900 deaths from car accidents, 1,600 homicides, 300 suicides, and hundreds of other deaths due to accidents like falls, burns and drowning.

19 For each “just say no” public service announcement …teens see 50 beer commercials. The Story Behind the Study on Underage Drinking Brewing Controversy Hamilton, W.J. President of MADD.

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25 PHYSICAL EFFECTS depress slow vital activities; sedate sedate tranquilize stimulant starts, quickens action dilate opposite of constrict diuretic increases urine production inhibit restrain judgment ability to make a decision impaired weakened, poorly functioning intoxicated drunk, exhilarated

26 ALCOHOL carbon, hydrogen, oxygen ETHANOL (ethyl alcohol) fermented/distilled from plants ISOPROPYL rubbing alcohol 70% DENATURED poisonous FERMENT to cause an action or change DISTILLED evaporation; condensation of a liquid LAWS Prohibition 18 th Amendment (21 st repealed it) Underage Drinking purchase, possess, consume, transport DUI.02 for teens.08 if over 21 BAC or BAL Blood Alcohol Concentration/Level Zero Tolerance.0001 BAC is illegal Implied Consent “it goes without saying” and “allow”

27 Isopropyl alcohol Rubbing alcohol. Highly toxic when taken internally. Not always colorless. Flammable / Volatile. Slightly bitter taste – NOT SAFE TO DRINK.

28 Methyl alcohol Formed through the distillation of wood. Methanol is extremely poisonous.

29 Absolute alcohol (ethanol) freezes at minus 173 ° F ( 114 °C ) Alcoholic drinks freeze between 32 °F and minus 173 °F Depends on amt of alcohol.

30 Ethyl Alcohol (3 – 40 percent Ethanol) Distilled vapors of fermented or heated plants such as grains, fruits, etc.

31 Effects of Alcohol on Body Initial amounts … Reduced Tension Reduced Inhibitions Reduced Coordination - all of which put a person at risk. Slower Reaction Times Reduced Ability to Think Clearly Larger doses … Unable to remain conscientious. Unable to discern sights, sounds; motives. Unable to be assertive. - all of which put a person at risk. Unable to physically move. Become unconscious. Binge drinking brings on effects quicker; can lead to alcohol poisoning. LONG TERM EFFECTS: A teen’s brain and body are still developing - damage will affect the rest of their life. More teens are killed by alcohol … than by all illegal drugs combined.

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35 Path of Alcohol. 1. Alcohol enters body. 2. Goes to stomach. 3. Enters blood through walls of the small intestine. After it gets into blood … it’s called “blood alcohol”. 4. Heart pumps blood to body. 5. When alcohol reaches the brain it effects brain cell’s synapses. 6. The liver changes “blood-alcohol” into water, carbon dioxide and carbohydrates … at a rate of about ½ ounce of alcohol per hour.

36 What affects our brain … affects our body.

37 All drugs act on the brain at the same place … The space between nerve cells. Alcohol is a depressant that interferes with the brain’s communication pathways making it harder to think clearly and move effectively. It also changes a person’s mood and behavior. The damage it does now can impact the rest of your life.

38 Drug can block brain chemicals or increase their production.

39 . What is the What’s a field Zero sobriety test? Tolerance Law?

40 One field-sobriety test is the Gaze-Nystagmus Test. Nystagmus is the involuntary, erratic side- to-side movement of the eye that occurs when the eyes are turned fully to the left or right. It reveals control of the eyes. It’s used to determine if a driver is intoxicated.

41 IT’S AGAINST THE LAW FOR ANYONE UNDER THE AGE OF 21 TO … A.CONSUME B. POSSESS C. TRANSPORT D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

42 WHEN ARRESTING YOU FOR UNDERAGE DRINKING, THE POLICE … A. NEED PERMISSION FROM YOUR PARENTS. B.MAY NOT NOTIFY YOUR PARENTS. C. LET YOU GO WITH PARENT’S PERMISSION. D. WILL HAVE DRIVER’S LICENSE SUSPENDED.

43 For those 21 and over … DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE ( DUI ) is if BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVEL is equal to or greater than … A..10 % B..08 % C..02 %

44 Parental consent to conduct tests for determining Blood Alcohol Levels is … A. REQUIRED FROM BOTH PARENTS. B. NOT REQUIRED. C. REQUIRED FOR PEOPLE UNDER 18 YEARS OLD D. REQUIRED FROM ONLY ONE PARENT.

45 If the police require a blood, breath or urine test the person … A. MUST TAKE THE TEST. B. MAY REFUSE IF UNDERAGE. C. MUST SIGN A CONSENT FORM. D. MAY CHOOSE THE TEST YOU PREFER.

46 If any driver refuses to take a breath, blood, or urine test they … A. CAN’T BE CHARGED WITH A CRIME BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE RIGHT TO REFUSE. B. DRIVER’S LICENSE SUSPENDED FOR A YEAR. C. ARE IMMEDIATELY BE FOUND GUILTY OF DUI

47 If a driver under 21 is stopped for suspicion of DUI and they refuse to take a Blood Alcohol Test the result will be … A. A SENTENCE OF ONE DAY IN JAIL. B. LICENSE SUSPENDED, FINED and COMMUNITY SERVICE C. MANDATED DRUG COUNSELING TREATMENT C. ALL OF THE ABOVE

48 REVIEW

49 CATEGORIES (Effects) Narcotics, Stimulants, Depressants, Hallucinogens, Cannabis SCHEDULED DRUGS (Restrictions) Schedule I No accepted medical use. Marijuana, Heroin, LSD, Ecstasy, Khat Schedule II Mostly for surgery. Hospital or hospice care. H Morphine, Laudanum, Oxycontin, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, PCP Schedule III Prescription required. Anabolic steroids, Tylenol with codeine, Paregorics Schedule IV & V Prescriptions required. Multiple refills allowed. Sleeping pills, cough syrups

50 HELPFUL WORDS SCIENCE ALCOHOL carbon, hydrogen, oxygen ETHANOL (ethyl alcohol) fermented / distilled from plants ISOPROPYL rubbing alcohol 70% DENATURED poisonous FERMENT to cause an action or change DISTILLED evaporation; condensation of a liquid LAWS Prohibition 18 th Amendment (21 st repealed it) Underage Drinking purchase, possess, consume, transport DUI.02 for teens.08 if over 21 BAC or BAL Blood Alcohol Concentration/Level Zero Tolerance.0001 BAC is illegal Implied Consent “it goes without saying” and “allow” PHYSICAL and SOCIAL EFFECTS depress slow vital activities; sedate sedate tranquilize stimulant starts, quickens action dilate opposite of constrict diuretic increases urine production inhibit restrain judgment ability to make a decision impaired weakened, poorly functioning intoxicated drunk, exhilarated Abuse Used for purposes other than intended for. Misuse Used as intended but not following instructions. Addiction Constant behavior causes negative effects. Dependence Physical or mental need. Tolerance Larger doses required to achieve same effect. Overdose Taking a poisonous amount. Withdrawal Physical or mental pain after stopping. GATEWAY entrance passage PEER person equal in abilities, age, status DEFY to challenge or resist power BINGE excessive indulgence, a “spree” DENY refusal to recognize or acknowledge ENABLE to assist or allow INTERVENE to come between

51 Abuse Used for purposes other than intended for. Misuse Used as intended but not following instructions. Tolerance Larger doses required to achieve same effect. Overdose Taking a toxic amount or combination. Toxic Poisonous Pulmonary Aspiration Inhaling Fluid Dependence Physical or mental need. Addiction Constant behavior causes negative effects. Withdrawal Physical or mental pain after stopping.


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