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WORDS THAT MAKE A SENTENCE MORE MEANINGFUL Chapter 5 C O M P L E ME N T S.

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Presentation on theme: "WORDS THAT MAKE A SENTENCE MORE MEANINGFUL Chapter 5 C O M P L E ME N T S."— Presentation transcript:

1 WORDS THAT MAKE A SENTENCE MORE MEANINGFUL Chapter 5 C O M P L E ME N T S

2 COMPLEMENT A word or word group that COMPLETES the meaning of a VERB The COMPLEMENT answers a specific question and gives more information STRATEGY  Find the verb  Ask : verb ….WHAT?  The answer is a complement (noun or pronoun)

3 BE CAREFUL A complement is never part of a prepositional phrase  that word is called the object of the preposition An adverb is never a complement  because an adverb answers where, when, why, how (not ‘what’)

4 Examples My aunt found a wallet.  Verb = found  found WHAT? wallet wallet completes the meaning of the verb found

5 The koala chews slowly.  Find the verb= chews  Chews WHAT? NO ANSWER Chews “how”- slowly = adverb Adverbs are NOT complements

6 NOT in a prepositional phrases Hannah is riding to her friend’s house.  Verb= is riding  Is riding WHAT? NO ANSWER Is riding- where?= to her friends house house is the object of the preposition ‘house’

7 DIRECT OBJECTS Complete the meaning of a TRANSITIVE VERB  Remember the action passes directly  Tells who or what received the action  DIRECT OBJECTS answer the questions: WHOM or WHAT after the verb

8 EXAMPLES My brother bought a model. Verb= bought  Bought WHAT ?= model  Model is the direct object receiving the action from bought Corey studied Mother Teresa in history class. Verb= studied  Studied WHOM?= Mother Teresa  Mother Teresa is the direct object receiving the action from studied

9 Compound Direct Objects A sentence can have more than one direct object  She needed glue, paint, and decals for her model.  Verb=needed Needed WHAT? glue, paint, decals DIRECT OBJECTS cannot follow LINKING VERBS  linking verbs do not show action

10 INDIRECT OBJECTS A complement that completes the meaning of a TRANSITIVE VERB Works with a direct object  Indirect objects cannot be in the sentence alone ANSWERS the questions  To WHOM? For WHOM?  To WHAT? For WHAT?  the action of the verb is done

11 EXAMPLES Dad bought himself some peanuts. Verb= bought  Bought what?=peanuts  Bought peanuts FOR WHOM?= himself himself= indirect object of the verb bought Luke sent David a letter. Verb= sent  sent what?=letter  Sent letter TO WHOM? = David David = indirect object of the verb sent

12 MORE EXAMPLES I gave that problem some thought. Verb= gave  gave what?=thought  Gave thought TO WHAT? = problem Problem = indirect object of the verb gave Mary baked the school a lot of cookies. Verb= baked  baked what?=cookies  Baked cookies FOR WHAT? = school school = indirect object of the verb baked

13 COMPOUND INDIRECT OBJECTS If the word “FOR” is used, the noun or pronoun that follows is in a prepositional phrase, there is NO DIRECT OBJECT  The ship’s captain gave orders to the crew. (prep phrase)  And no indirect object exists Indirect objects can be compound  Lucy gave Linus and Snoopy a treat.  Gave what? Treat Gave treat to WHOM? Linus and Snoopy (compound indirect object)

14 SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS A word or word group IN THE PREDICATE (part of the verb) that identifies or describes the subject.  Connected by a linking verb  Not action verbs TWO KINDS of subject complements  Predicate Nominative  Predicate Adjective

15 PREDICATE NOMINATIVE A word or word group in the predicate that IDENTIFIES or REFERS to the subject.  May be a noun, pronoun, or a word that functions as a noun  Connect by a linking verb EXAMPLE  Seaweed is algae.  Linking verb = is  Algae refers to seaweed Algae is the predicate nominative (it renames or identifies seaweed)

16 BE CAREFUL Do not mistake a direct object for a predicate nominative. Direct objects need action verbs  My brother admired the acrobat. Predicate nominatives are connected by a linking verb  My brother became an acrobat.

17 PREDICATE NOMINATIVES Can be compound  Is the shark a fish or a mammal?  Linking verb = is  “fish, mammal” are predicate nominatives rename shark

18 PREDICATE ADJECTIVE A word or word group in the predicate that DESCRIBES the subject.  Connected to the subject by a linking verb EXAMPLES  I was very tired.  Linking verb = was  ‘tired’ describes the subject I  The blanket felt soft and fuzzy.  Linking verb = felt  ‘soft, fuzzy’ describes the subject blanket (compound)


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