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The Scientific Revolution. Man and Ideas The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment challenged and changed the way people thought about the world.

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Presentation on theme: "The Scientific Revolution. Man and Ideas The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment challenged and changed the way people thought about the world."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Scientific Revolution

2 Man and Ideas The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment challenged and changed the way people thought about the world to modern times seen an explosion in man’s changing idea of “God”

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4 The Old and The New Worlds Superstitious? Black Cat Ladder Science = Magic = Alchemey The Scientific Revolution not only changed the way people viewed the world of science but most importantly the way they viewed knowledge and information.

5 Scientific Revolution Spirit of the Renaissance encouraged curiosity. People began to use experiments and science. This was the creation of the Scientific Revolution. They used 3 new tools. 1. Emphasis on reason and systematic observation in nature 2. Formulation of the scientific method 3. Expansion of scientific knowledge

6 Scientific Revolution Nicolaus Copernicus. Nicolaus Copernicus. Tycho Brahe (Danish) Early astronomer Ptolemy - geocentric theory - Earth centered. Sun and planets revolve around Earth. 1500s. Copernicus argued sun center of universe - heliocentric theory.

7 Scientific Revolution Johannes Kepler. (German) planetary motion Used math to prove Copernicus was right (ellipses) Galileo Galilei (father of modern physics) Invented telescope. Saw mts valleys of moon; rings of Saturn. Church took him to trail. Forced to recant his words. Isaac Newton Law of universal gravitation. Laws of motion. Radical change to social ideas. Major mov’ts on earth did not necessarily involve God.

8 Blood Work William Harvey: England discovered circulation of the blood through the body by the heart

9 Scientific Revolution French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes (Rationalism truth) Descartes took the opposite view depending on deductive reasoning to uncover truth. Work by all the scientists of the period especially Newton helped man see that the world was not a chaotic environment but could be understood with logic and reason. The preoccupation with witchcraft served as a polar opposite to this progress. Father of idea that you must prove, through scientific experimentation all theories “I think therefore I am” (clear, orderly progression of logical reasoning)

10 Scientific Revolution French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes “I think, therefore I am” sums up what will be known as the Enlightenment Philosophy. __People must rely on their own reason to understand life and the natural order of things _Everything must be judged by asking what is humanly reasonable

11 Scientific Revolution Francis Bacon ( England) English. Had to prove theories through observed experiments Step by step process. Robert Boyle (Ireland) Father of modern science of Chemistry (modern chemical analysis) Individual elements vs. Chemical compounds

12 Scientific Revolution Where does all this new knowledge lead man?

13 Descartes took the opposite view depending on deductive reasoning to uncover truth. Work by all the scientists of the period especially Newton helped man see that the world was not a chaotic environment but could be understood with logic and reason. The preoccupation with witchcraft served as a polar opposite to this progress.


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