10Why did cities develop after the Civil War? Specialized industryA city may be well known for what it producesWhat industry does Newport News specialize in?
11Specialized industries and their cities PittsburghSteel industry
12Specialized industries and their cities ChicagoMeat PackingChicago
13Immigration Immigration to America from other countries Large numbers from Eastern and Southern Europe
14Rural to Urban AreasMovement of Americans from rural (country) to urban areas (cities) in search of JOBS!
15Increased Interaction and Conflict Result of population change, growth of cities, and new inventions.Produced problems in urban areas (discrimination, tenements & ghettos, political corruption
16Problem 1: Ghettos & Tenements caused by rapid industrialization Problem 1: Ghettos & Tenements caused by rapid industrialization and urbanization.
17What is a tenement?A building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety.Ghetto vs. Tenement?Tenement is building….Ghetto is the neighborhood
18Solving the Overcrowding Problem (Answer) settlement housescommunity centers organized in late 1800s to offer services to the poor.Hull House founded by Jane Addams
19Problem 2. Political Corruption Political machinesGained power by attending to needs of new immigrants (jobs, housing)
20Letter HomeWrite a letter to your family in the country telling them all about the wonderful things that living in the city has to offer. Also include the problems (bad things) found in the city. Use your notes and textbook pg for more information.Must be 1 complete page top to bottom and do not skip lines. Due by end of class today!!
21City PosterCreate a poster advertising the benefits of life in the city.You need to explain the problems as well of cities growing. (Disclaimer)Should include factors/reasons that attracted movement to cities including rise of specialized industries and job opportunities.Must include pictures (drawn).Use 5 colors other than pencil.
22Problems Protest Poster Imagine you are attending a rally event about the problems caused by immigration or the growth of cities. You need to create a poster to bring with you to express your viewpoint. Include the following elements in your poster:Symbol/Picture that represents your viewSloganProblems & Answers (Use your notes)Use of at least 5 colors
24Racial SegregationSegregation – the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group.Continued after ReconstructionMostly directed against African Americans but also included other groups. (ex. Indians)American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924.
25Jim Crow Laws Made acceptable a system of legal segregation. Discriminate against African Americans.Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states.Unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government
26Plessy vs. Ferguson Supreme Court upheld segregation laws. Segregation was legal as long as African Americans had access to public places equal to those of whites.“Separate but equal”
27African American Leaders Booker T. WashingtonBelieved equality through vocational education.More valuable member of community = equalityAccepted social segregation.
28W.E.B. DuBoisFull political, civil, and social rights for African Americans.Protest unequal treatment in American society.Right to vote was way to end racial inequality.NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
29Washington vs. DuBois Read the handout about Washington and DuBois. Highlight differences in beliefs with one color and the similarities with another.Draw a Venn Diagram with differences on outside and similarities in middle.Write a letter to either Washington or DuBois explaining why you agree with their position