2The Shang Dynasty Migration to the Yellow River Valley: Archeological evidence suggests that there were small agricultural settlements in the Chinese river valley as early as 4, 500 B.C.E.The Shang Dynasty dates from 1,700 B.C.E.Like the river valleys of the Nile and the Fertile Crescent, the Huang He river valley invited early settlement.
3Geography of Ancient China Mountains make up 1/3 of China’s areaThe Himalayas close off China to the southwestThe western boarder is closed off by the Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan rangesTo the east of these mountains lies the vast Gobi desertChina’s coastline touches the Pacific Ocean, though not many of the early Chinese became seafarers
4Huang He River Valley Three major rivers drain eastern China: Huang He (Hwong huh)YangtzeXi Jiang (Shee Jyang)The Huang He flows nearly 3,000 miles, from the northern highlands to the Yellow SeaThe Huang He (Yellow River) is associated with great sorrow andgreat blessing. The floods produced by this river were oftencompletely devastating, killing whole towns and cities of people.
5Geography Affords Nationalism Nationalism: loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially : a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nationsWhat about the geography of China would help to foster nationalism?
6Ruling Power Monarchy and Dynasty The Shang dyansty was an aristocrastic society, with a king ruling over the military nobility.Territorial rulers were appointed by him in return for their support in his military campaigns. Underneath the aristocratic class was the priest class.The priests kept the records of the government and were also in charge of religion.
7Religion The Shang worshipped the "Shang Ti." This god ruled as a supreme god over lesser gods, the sun, the moon, the wind, the rain, and other natural forces and places.Highly ritualized, ancestor worship became a part of the Shang religion.The king served as chief priest (theocratic)Sacrifice to the gods and the ancestors was also a major part of the Shang religion.When a king died, hundreds of slaves and prisoners were often sacrificed and buried with him. People were also sacrificed in lower numbers when important events, such as the founding of a palace or temple, occurred.
8Chinese MythologyOver the centuries, the Chinese have developed many myths to explain their remote pastThe most famous myth is regarding the founding of China’s Xia Dynasty. No record has yet supported the existence of this dynasty, thus the Shang is the first official dynasty.
9Crops and FoodThis dynasty was based on agriculture; millet, wheat, and barley were the primary crops grown. In addition to the crops, silkworms, pigs, dogs, sheep, and oxen were raised.
10Art and Technology Vertical writing (columns from right to left) -Perfected metal-casting-Produced some of the finest bronze objects ever made-Ivory and jade carvings-Wove and colored silk-Excellent pottery makers (white clay)
11The End of the ShangThe fall of the Shang dynasty was much like that of the legendary Xia dynasty, the last king was a cruel tyrant.Instead of the people overthrowing the king, he was killed by a king from a rival kingdom, the Chou kingdom in 1000 B.C.E.The Chou dynasty was part of the Shang kingdom; its civilization was a combination of the Shang culture and that of non-Chinese civilizations.** During the later dynasties (Qin- Ming, Chinese led the world in engineering, production, and technology).