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Chapter 9 Pages 280-309. Section 1  Industrial Revolution?  Increased output of _____________________________ goods that began in ____________________.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Pages 280-309. Section 1  Industrial Revolution?  Increased output of _____________________________ goods that began in ____________________."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Pages

2 Section 1

3  Industrial Revolution?  Increased output of _____________________________ goods that began in ____________________ in the middle 1700’s  Spread to rest of Europe & North America  Before Revolution?  People wove _________________ by __________________  People made _________________ by ___________________

4  Wealthy landowners bought up _________________, enclosed the land with __________________, & then experimented  __________________ farmers were forced to become ___________ farmers or they gave up farming & moved to _______________  Led to more _____________________________________& harvesting methods = more ______________________________  __________________– invented the _____________in  Allowed farmers to ___________seeds in well-spaced rows at specific __________________ = boosted crop yields  Before this, farmers just _____________________ seeds on _____________ the ground

5  One of the best developments by _____________________________ farmers  Improvement on the _______________________ system  Planted _______________________ crops in different fields each year to keep _____________________ in the soil (4-field system)

6  Large population of ________________________  Extensive ____________________ resources  Water power & __________________  _______________ to construct machines, tools, & buildings  __________________ for transportation  __________________ for merchant ships  Expanding economy, business men invested _______  Highly developed ____________________________  ________________________ stability  ____________________ passed to encourage & protect business _____________________________

7  _________________ – created a “_________________” made of ________________ that had a ___________ shaped design & ______________ was attached. It __________________ a weaver’s work in a day.  ________________________– invented a spinning wheel, “__________________________”, that let a worker to uses ______ threads at a time  _________________________ – invented the water frame that used __________________ instead of hand power to move the ____________________________

8  _____________________ – “______________________” made thread stronger, ______________, & more consistent. It used __________________________.  _____________________________– power loom sped up the ______________________ process  _____________________– “_____________________”, machine used to remove the ________________ from the raw cotton. This ___________________________ the amount of cotton that could be cleaned in a day.

9  ________________________– made the ______________________ work faster & more efficient while burning _________________________  ________________________________ – built a steamboat “______________________” & it made it’s first successful trip in _______________ & was then used as a ferry on _______________________________  _______________________– improved ____________ in England by putting a layer of ________________ down for drainage & then put crushed rocks on top. “_____________________________” roads.

10  _______________________________– built the world’s first _______________________ line. __________ miles long & used _______ locomotives.  Also invented the “_________________” steam engine that could haul ______ tons at _________ miles per hour (very fast for 1830)  Major effects of the locomotive….  _____________________________ transportation  Spurred _____________________________ growth  Boosted England’s agriculture & ________________ industries  Created _______________________for railroad workers & miners  Encouraged people to _____________, ________________, & take __________________ further away from home

11 Section 2

12  ________________________ - after 1800, more people living in ________________ than _______________ areas b/c of the growth of ________________ jobs that paid more  Cities built ______________, usually near _______________  _______________________ – most important city & became Europe’s ________________________ city  Factories were built _________________to each other b/c they all were near _____________ (____________) for power

13  No _____________________ plans, no ______________ codes, no ___________________codes  Whole families lived in ________________ room  ______________ spread fast b/c dark & dirty conditions  Avg. life span in city – _______ years, rural areas – _______ years  Cities lacked adequate housing, ____________________, & ________________________  ________________ streets had no _________________ & ________________________heaps were left on them  Wealthy merchants & factory owners lived lavish lifestyles, built _______________ in the ________________

14  Average person worked ________ hours a day, ________ days a week  Factories were not ________ well & very __________  Many ____________________ by machines  ______________________ had the most dangerous job – the work made their life span _________ years shorter due to the conditions  Cheapest sources of labor were __________________________________________

15  Factory owners, ________________, & merchants  _______________ workers, professionals, business people, & _____________________ farmers  ____________________________________…  Government employees, doctors, lawyers, & managers of factories, mines, & shops  Low-Middle Class…  Factory overseers, skilled workers; ___________________, mechanical ___________________, & printers

16  Created ______________ for workers  Contributed to the _______________ of the nation  Encouraged _______________________ progress & ______________________________  Increased the production of ____________________  Raised the _________________________________________  __________________________________________  Better ______________________________  Cheaper mass-produced ____________________________  Expanded _________________________ opportunities

17 Section 3

18  Had the same _______________needed as in England  Began with the __________ industry just like England  _____________________________ & 4 others mechanized every stage in the manufacturing of ____________ and set up a factory in _________________________________.  Became _________________ center & model for other cities  Rural young single _______________ left homes for jobs to make higher wages working _______ hours a day _____ days a week

19  The _____________________ experienced most of the industrial growth in the 1800’s  Most of the U.S. was _____________________ until after the _________________ (1865) then experienced the industrial boom due to…  Wealth of natural resources: _______, coal, ___________  Lots of new inventions: electric _______________, telephone  Growing __________________ population  Cities near _______________________ also grew; Chicago & _____________________________

20  Imported ____________ equipment & ____________________  Sent _____________________ to England to learn industrial management  Built ______________________ that linked manufacturing cities  Due to the economic growth they were able to develop as a ____________________________

21  Increased ________________________ b/t industrialized nations & poverty in poorer nations  Widened the ________________b/t the two types of nations  Industrialized countries used less-developed nations (_______________________) to gain _______ materials  _______________________ grew out of the Ind. Rev. b/c of the need for resources & ___________________

22 Section 4

23  __________________ policy of letting ______________ of industry & business set working conditions w/out interference from the __________________________  A _________________________ unregulated  Free trade & no ____________ regulations = ______________  __________________ term means…  “let do”  “ let people _________________________________”  From the philosophers of the _____________________________

24  Professor at University of ________________________  Wrote, ___________________________________, 1776  Economic liberty guaranteed economic progress  The three natural laws of economics…  Law of __________________: People work for their own good  Law of _________________: Forces people to make a better product  Law of ______________________________: enough goods will be produced at the lowest possible price to meet demand

25  An economic system in which the factors of production are ____________________________ & money is invested in business ventures to make a profit  _____________________________ wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population, 1798  Population increased more rapidly than _____________________________  w/out war & __________________________ to kill, people were destined to be poor & miserable

26  _________________________ wrote Principles of Political Economy & ______________________, 1817  Permanent underclass would always be _______________  ___________________ would be forced down as population increased  Smith, Malthus, & Ricardo all opposed __________________ efforts to help poor workers.  Creating _____________________________ laws & better working conditions would…  upset the free market system  _____________________ profits  Undermine the production of _________________ in society

27  Introduced by ________________ philosopher _________________________________  gov’t actions are useful only if they promote the greatest ______________ for the greatest ____________________________________________  His beliefs…  People should judge ideas, institutions, & actions on their utility (_________________________)  Individuals should be free to pursue his/her own ________________________ w/out interference from ___________________________

28  _______________________________ questioned unregulated __________________________  His beliefs…  It was wrong workers led deprived lives & wanted to help the __________________ working population by having an ________________ division of profits  Favored a _____________________ system of agriculture  Saw the need for __________________________, including voting rights  Pushed for reforms in _______________ system, ____________________ system, & education system

29  “A _____________________ living place”  ____________________– owned cotton mill in ______________________ & wanted to help the working class living in poverty  His Solution…  Built ____________ near factory & ______________ them at low rates  Children ____________________couldn’t work in his factory  Provided free __________________________________  Tried a cooperative community in ______________________  Only lasted _____ years, but was an inspiration for others

30  Factors of production are owned by the _______________ & operate for the welfare of all  Grew out of ___________________ view of human nature, belief in progress, & concern for __________________________  Supporters Believed…  _____________ should plan economy rather than depend on free-market capitalism  Gov’t control of __________________, mines, railroads, & other key industries would end ________________ & promote equality

31  ___________________ introduced a radical type of socialism called Marxism in the ________ page pamphlet called ______________________________  Written by Karl Marx & ___________________________  Marx’s Background…  German  Studied _____________________, journalism, & economics  Left Germany for ________________________ in 1849  Earned a meager living as a __________________________

32  Humans have always been divided into ___________  “Haves” – middle class or employers called the ______________________________  “Have-nots” – workers called the ______________________  The wealthy controlled ______________ of producing goods, the poor performed the ________________ under terrible conditions  _____________________ enriched the wealthy & _________________________ the poor  Prediction – workers would ___________________________ the owners

33  ____________ system would eventually destroy itself  Workers would __________, seize the _____________, & then produce what society ________________  Workers would share the _______________ = economic __________________  Workers would control gov’t by __________________  Final phase “________________________” – complete socialism in which the means of production (land, mines, factories, railroads, & businesses) would be owned by the____________________________  ** _______________________________would NOT exist  All goods & services would be shared equally by the people

34  1848 & 1849 – widespread revolts, but were eventually crushed  1900’s – inspired Russia (_____________), China (_______________), & Cuba (___________________)  Each adapted the beliefs to fit their own specific situations

35  Workers joined together in ______________________ labor associations  Engaged in ______________________ b/t workers & employers for better working _______________, higher pay, etc.  If owner refused, workers would _______________  ___________________ outlawed unions until 1825  people were ________________ or lost their job

36  ____________________– illegal to hire children under ________ years old, kids ___________ couldn’t work more than 8 hours, ____________couldn’t work more than 12 hours  _________________________– prevented women & children from working underground  ________________________- limited work day to 10 hours for women & children

37  Abolition of _____________________  Women’s rights – _____________________________  ___________________________– free education  Prison Reforms – means to lead _______________ lives upon ____________________ & better conditions


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