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Speed of a wave v STATE VARIABLE
Energy of a photon E photon STATE VARIABLE
Index of refraction n STATE VARIABLE
Period of Wave T STATE VARIABLE
wavelength λ STATE VARIABLE
mass m STATE VARIABLE
Electric Field Strength E STATE VARIABLE
Potential Difference V STATE VARIABLE
Current I STATE VARIABLE
Cross-sectional area of a wire A STATE VARIABLE
Planck’s constant h STATE VARIABLE
Length of a conductor L STATE VARIABLE
Resistivity ρ STATE VARIABLE
Electrostatic constant k STATE VARIABLE
Electrical energy W STATE VARIABLE
momentum p STATE VARIABLE
Impulse J STATE VARIABLE
Power P STATE VARIABLE
Potential Energy PE STATE VARIABLE
Work W STATE VARIABLE
Universal Gravitational G STATE VARIABLE
Spring constant k STATE VARIABLE
Centripetal Force FcFc STATE VARIABLE
Total Mechanical Energy ETET STATE VARIABLE
Force F STATE VARIABLE
Weight FgFg STATE VARIABLE
Normal force FNFN STATE VARIABLE
Net Force F net STATE VARIABLE
Displacement or distance d STATE VARIABLE
height h or d y STATE VARIABLE
charge q STATE VARIABLE
time t STATE VARIABLE
Coefficient of static friction μ STATE VARIABLE
Kinetic Energy KE STATE VARIABLE
Internal Energy Q STATE VARIABLE
Distance between centers r STATE VARIABLE
Electrostatic force FeFe STATE VARIABLE
Gravitational field strength g STATE VARIABLE
Acceleration a STATE VARIABLE
Initial vertical velocity v iy STATE VARIABLE
Final vertical velocity v fy STATE VARIABLE
Average speed or velocity v STATE VARIABLE
Change in equilibrium length of a spring x STATE VARIABLE
Centripetal acceleration acac STATE VARIABLE
Change in equilibrium length of a spring x STATE VARIABLE
Period of Wave Seconds STATE THE UNIT
Spring constant N/m STATE THE UNIT
Gravitational field strength N/kg STATE THE UNIT
Acceleration due to gravity g STATE THE UNIT
wavelength m STATE THE UNIT
angle degrees STATE THE UNIT
Current Amperes or C/s STATE THE UNIT
Potential difference V STATE THE UNIT
charge C or e STATE THE UNIT
Energy of a photon eV or J STATE THE UNIT
Mass of proton kg or u STATE THE UNIT
Index of refraction No units STATE THE UNIT
Coefficient of friction No unit STATE THE UNIT
Impulse Ns STATE THE UNIT
Net force N or kgm/s 2 STATE THE UNIT
Work Nm or J STATE THE UNIT
Frequency Hz STATE THE UNIT
Kinetic Energy J or kg(m 2 /s 2 ) STATE THE UNIT
Cross sectional area of a wire m2m2 STATE THE UNIT
Power Watts (W) or J/s STATE THE UNIT
Total mechanical energy J STATE THE UNIT
Acceleration m/s 2 STATE THE UNIT
mass kg STATE THE UNIT
Weight N STATE THE UNIT
Speed of light m/s STATE THE UNIT
Resistance Ω or ohms STATE THE UNIT
Force on spring N STATE THE UNIT
Centripetal acceleration m/s 2 STATE THE UNIT
Planck’s constant Js STATE THE UNIT
d v t COMPLETE THE TRIANGLE
v f λ
FfFf FNFN µ
E photon fh COMPLETE THE TRIANGLE
V I P
For an inclined plane, F N is equal to F g ┴ =F g cosθ=mg(cos θ ) Equations to memorize
For an inclined plane, F gII is equal to F g II =F g sinθ=mg(sin θ ) Equations to memorize
For a force applied at an angle, the horizontal (or force parallel to the surface) equals F AX =F A cosθ Equations to memorize
The equation for the area of a circle A=πr2A=πr2 Equations to memorize
The equation for the circumference of a circle C=2πr Equations to memorize
Initial vertical velocity of a projectile launched at an angle v iy =v i sinθ Equations to memorize
Initial horizontal velocity of a projectile launched at an angle v ix =v i cosθ Equations to memorize
Equation for centripetal force (combined version not on Ref Table) Equations to memorize
Equation for change in momentum = impulse (long version of Newton’s Second Law) F net t=mΔv Equations to memorize
Short cut for time when v i =0 such as dropped from rest Equations to memorize
Short cut for final velocity when v i =0 Equations to memorize
Angle of a resultant given horizontal and vertical components Θ=tan -1 (A y /A x ) Equations to memorize
Equation for slope Slope = (Δy/Δx) Equations to memorize
Equation for area of a sloped (triangle) graph Area = 1/2bh or [(x-value)(y-value)]/2 Equations to memorize
Equation for area of a straight line (rectangular) graph Area = bh or (x-value)(y-value) Equations to memorize
Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Inverse or inverse square
Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Direct
Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Direct Square
Vocabulary or concept A quantity in which both direction and magnitude are important Vector
Vocabulary or Concept A wave that requires a medium Mechanical wave
Vocabulary or Concept A wave in which particle vibration is perpendicular to wave propagation. Transverse wave
Vocabulary or Concept A wave in which particle vibration is parallel to wave propagation Longitudinal
Vocabulary or Concept Another word for mass Inertia
Vocabulary or Concept Mass x velocity = Momentum or impulse
Vocabulary or Concept The area where an object feels the force of another object with the same fundamental force carrier Field
Vocabulary or Concept The rate of energy or work Power
Vocabulary or Concept Horizontal distance traveled by a projectile Range
Vocabulary or Concept The word for the “size” of a measurement Magnitude
Vocabulary or Concept Term for the sum of two vector quantities Resultant
Vocabulary or Concept The term for an object that is not experiencing acceleration Constant velocity or equilibrium
Vocabulary or Concept Force x distance = Work
Vocabulary or Concept Term for energy that builds up due to friction Internal energy
Vocabulary or Concept The energy gained when an object is lifted in a gravitational field Potential energy
Vocabulary or Concept Energy associated with motion Kinetic Energy
Vocabulary or Concept The quark composition of a neutron udd
Vocabulary or Concept Quark composition of a proton uud
Vocabulary or Concept The event that occurs when a particle of matter meets with the corresponding antimatter annihilation
Vocabulary or Concept The number of cycles per second for a wave Frequency
Vocabulary or Concept Seconds per cycle for a wave Period
Vocabulary or Concept When a wave in the environment causes an object to vibrate due to matching frequency Resonance
Vocabulary or Concept Meters per cycle for a wave wavelength
Vocabulary or Concept The height of a wave above the equilibrium line (or depth below) Amplitude
Vocabulary or Concept Amount of charge that flows per second Current
Vocabulary or Concept The amount of energy (or work done) on each charge Potential difference
Vocabulary or Concept A circuit in which electrons have a choice of paths Parallel Circuit
Vocabulary or Concept A circuit in which electrons all follow the same path Series circuit
Vocabulary or Concept A device to measure current Ammeter
Vocabulary or Concept A device to measure potential difference voltmeter
Vocabulary or Concept The difficulty and electron has in completing a circuit Resistance
Vocabulary or Concept The ratio of a waves speed in a vacuum to a waves speed in a material Absolute index of refraction
Vocabulary or Concept The type of wave that can travel through a vacuum Electromagnetic wave
Vocabulary or Concept A single vibratory disturbance in a medium pulse
Vocabulary or Concept The force that holds the nucleus together (acts between neutrons and protons) Strong force
Vocabulary or Concept Force that acts between an electron and a proton Electromagnetic force
Vocabulary or Concept Truly empty space vacuum
Vocabulary or Concept The force carrier (boson) of the electromagnetic force photon
Vocabulary or Concept Measure of energy when working with small charges such as an electron or other elementary charge Electronvolt eV
Vocabulary or Concept The bending of a wave around an obstruction or through an opening in a barrier diffraction
Vocabulary or Concept Measure of energy when working with small charges such as an electron. Electronvolt eV
Vocabulary or Concept The bending of a wave into a new medium when it is transmitted. refraction
Vocabulary or Concept The change in observed frequency of a wave due to the relative motion of the source and the observer. Doppler Effect
Vocabulary or Concept When two waves are in the same place at the same time and they superimpose temporarily to form a supercrest or supertrough Constructive interference
Vocabulary or Concept When two waves are in the same place at the same time and they superimpose temporarily to cancel each other out. Destructive interference
Vocabulary or Concept A wave that is formed due to reflection off a boundary and forms a pattern of interference which leads to nodes and antinodes Standing Wave
Vocabulary or Concept The name given to the angle from the normal line as it approaches a boundary between two mediums Incident Angle
Vocabulary or Concept When light or other transverse wave can be filtered for a specific orientation Polarization
Vocabulary or Concept When light is given off by an atom as electrons fall between energy levels emission
Vocabulary or Concept The low point on a wave trough
Vocabulary or Concept The high point on a wave crest
Vocabulary or Concept The bouncing of a wave off of a surface at an angle equal to the incident angle Reflection
Vocabulary or Concept A change in speed or direction of an object with respect to time acceleration
Vocabulary or Concept A particle made up of three quarks. Baryon
Vocabulary or Concept The force which causes an object to follow a circular path. Centripetal force
Vocabulary or Concept A material which allows electrons to flow easily (lots of free electrons) Conductor
Vocabulary or Concept The base unit for electric charge of a particle. Coulomb
Vocabulary or Concept The point on a standing wave that undergoes constructive interference Anti-node
Vocabulary or Concept The term for discrete (non- continuous) energy levels with an atom quantized
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Physics Midterm Review Terms - Measurements time elapsed = duration of an event – there is a beginning, a middle, and an end to any event. distance.
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WAVES Definition: A traveling disturbance that carries energy through matter and space Waves transfer energy without transferring matter. Waves are produced.
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