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Speed of a wave v STATE VARIABLE

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Energy of a photon E photon STATE VARIABLE

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Index of refraction n STATE VARIABLE

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Period of Wave T STATE VARIABLE

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wavelength λ STATE VARIABLE

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mass m STATE VARIABLE

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Electric Field Strength E STATE VARIABLE

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Potential Difference V STATE VARIABLE

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Current I STATE VARIABLE

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Cross-sectional area of a wire A STATE VARIABLE

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Planck’s constant h STATE VARIABLE

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Length of a conductor L STATE VARIABLE

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Resistivity ρ STATE VARIABLE

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Electrostatic constant k STATE VARIABLE

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Electrical energy W STATE VARIABLE

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momentum p STATE VARIABLE

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Impulse J STATE VARIABLE

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Power P STATE VARIABLE

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Potential Energy PE STATE VARIABLE

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Work W STATE VARIABLE

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Universal Gravitational G STATE VARIABLE

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Spring constant k STATE VARIABLE

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Centripetal Force FcFc STATE VARIABLE

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Total Mechanical Energy ETET STATE VARIABLE

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Force F STATE VARIABLE

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Weight FgFg STATE VARIABLE

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Normal force FNFN STATE VARIABLE

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Net Force F net STATE VARIABLE

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Displacement or distance d STATE VARIABLE

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height h or d y STATE VARIABLE

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charge q STATE VARIABLE

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time t STATE VARIABLE

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Coefficient of static friction μ STATE VARIABLE

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Kinetic Energy KE STATE VARIABLE

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Internal Energy Q STATE VARIABLE

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Distance between centers r STATE VARIABLE

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Electrostatic force FeFe STATE VARIABLE

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Gravitational field strength g STATE VARIABLE

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Acceleration a STATE VARIABLE

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Initial vertical velocity v iy STATE VARIABLE

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Final vertical velocity v fy STATE VARIABLE

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Average speed or velocity v STATE VARIABLE

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Change in equilibrium length of a spring x STATE VARIABLE

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Centripetal acceleration acac STATE VARIABLE

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Change in equilibrium length of a spring x STATE VARIABLE

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Period of Wave Seconds STATE THE UNIT

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Spring constant N/m STATE THE UNIT

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Gravitational field strength N/kg STATE THE UNIT

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Acceleration due to gravity g STATE THE UNIT

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wavelength m STATE THE UNIT

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angle degrees STATE THE UNIT

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Current Amperes or C/s STATE THE UNIT

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Potential difference V STATE THE UNIT

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charge C or e STATE THE UNIT

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Energy of a photon eV or J STATE THE UNIT

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Mass of proton kg or u STATE THE UNIT

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Index of refraction No units STATE THE UNIT

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Coefficient of friction No unit STATE THE UNIT

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Impulse Ns STATE THE UNIT

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Net force N or kgm/s 2 STATE THE UNIT

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Work Nm or J STATE THE UNIT

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Frequency Hz STATE THE UNIT

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Kinetic Energy J or kg(m 2 /s 2 ) STATE THE UNIT

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Cross sectional area of a wire m2m2 STATE THE UNIT

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Power Watts (W) or J/s STATE THE UNIT

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Total mechanical energy J STATE THE UNIT

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Acceleration m/s 2 STATE THE UNIT

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mass kg STATE THE UNIT

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Weight N STATE THE UNIT

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Speed of light m/s STATE THE UNIT

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Resistance Ω or ohms STATE THE UNIT

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Force on spring N STATE THE UNIT

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Centripetal acceleration m/s 2 STATE THE UNIT

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Planck’s constant Js STATE THE UNIT

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d v t COMPLETE THE TRIANGLE

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v f λ

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FfFf FNFN µ

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FgFg mg

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c vn

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E photon fh COMPLETE THE TRIANGLE

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q tI

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FsFs xk

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V RI

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p vm

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J tF

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W tP

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V I P

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For an inclined plane, F N is equal to F g ┴ =F g cosθ=mg(cos θ ) Equations to memorize

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For an inclined plane, F gII is equal to F g II =F g sinθ=mg(sin θ ) Equations to memorize

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For a force applied at an angle, the horizontal (or force parallel to the surface) equals F AX =F A cosθ Equations to memorize

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The equation for the area of a circle A=πr2A=πr2 Equations to memorize

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The equation for the circumference of a circle C=2πr Equations to memorize

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Initial vertical velocity of a projectile launched at an angle v iy =v i sinθ Equations to memorize

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Initial horizontal velocity of a projectile launched at an angle v ix =v i cosθ Equations to memorize

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Equation for centripetal force (combined version not on Ref Table) Equations to memorize

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Equation for change in momentum = impulse (long version of Newton’s Second Law) F net t=mΔv Equations to memorize

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Short cut for time when v i =0 such as dropped from rest Equations to memorize

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Short cut for final velocity when v i =0 Equations to memorize

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Angle of a resultant given horizontal and vertical components Θ=tan -1 (A y /A x ) Equations to memorize

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Equation for slope Slope = (Δy/Δx) Equations to memorize

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Equation for area of a sloped (triangle) graph Area = 1/2bh or [(x-value)(y-value)]/2 Equations to memorize

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Equation for area of a straight line (rectangular) graph Area = bh or (x-value)(y-value) Equations to memorize

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Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Inverse or inverse square

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Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Direct

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Name the type of relationship represented by the graph Direct Square

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Vocabulary or concept A quantity in which both direction and magnitude are important Vector

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Vocabulary or Concept A wave that requires a medium Mechanical wave

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Vocabulary or Concept A wave in which particle vibration is perpendicular to wave propagation. Transverse wave

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Vocabulary or Concept A wave in which particle vibration is parallel to wave propagation Longitudinal

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Vocabulary or Concept Another word for mass Inertia

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Vocabulary or Concept Mass x velocity = Momentum or impulse

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Vocabulary or Concept The area where an object feels the force of another object with the same fundamental force carrier Field

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Vocabulary or Concept The rate of energy or work Power

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Vocabulary or Concept Horizontal distance traveled by a projectile Range

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Vocabulary or Concept The word for the “size” of a measurement Magnitude

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Vocabulary or Concept Term for the sum of two vector quantities Resultant

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Vocabulary or Concept The term for an object that is not experiencing acceleration Constant velocity or equilibrium

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Vocabulary or Concept Force x distance = Work

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Vocabulary or Concept Term for energy that builds up due to friction Internal energy

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Vocabulary or Concept The energy gained when an object is lifted in a gravitational field Potential energy

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Vocabulary or Concept Energy associated with motion Kinetic Energy

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Vocabulary or Concept The quark composition of a neutron udd

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Vocabulary or Concept Quark composition of a proton uud

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Vocabulary or Concept The event that occurs when a particle of matter meets with the corresponding antimatter annihilation

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Vocabulary or Concept The number of cycles per second for a wave Frequency

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Vocabulary or Concept Seconds per cycle for a wave Period

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Vocabulary or Concept When a wave in the environment causes an object to vibrate due to matching frequency Resonance

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Vocabulary or Concept Meters per cycle for a wave wavelength

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Vocabulary or Concept The height of a wave above the equilibrium line (or depth below) Amplitude

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Vocabulary or Concept Amount of charge that flows per second Current

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Vocabulary or Concept The amount of energy (or work done) on each charge Potential difference

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Vocabulary or Concept A circuit in which electrons have a choice of paths Parallel Circuit

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Vocabulary or Concept A circuit in which electrons all follow the same path Series circuit

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Vocabulary or Concept A device to measure current Ammeter

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Vocabulary or Concept A device to measure potential difference voltmeter

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Vocabulary or Concept The difficulty and electron has in completing a circuit Resistance

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Vocabulary or Concept The ratio of a waves speed in a vacuum to a waves speed in a material Absolute index of refraction

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Vocabulary or Concept The type of wave that can travel through a vacuum Electromagnetic wave

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Vocabulary or Concept A single vibratory disturbance in a medium pulse

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Vocabulary or Concept The force that holds the nucleus together (acts between neutrons and protons) Strong force

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Vocabulary or Concept Force that acts between an electron and a proton Electromagnetic force

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Vocabulary or Concept Truly empty space vacuum

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Vocabulary or Concept The force carrier (boson) of the electromagnetic force photon

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Vocabulary or Concept Measure of energy when working with small charges such as an electron or other elementary charge Electronvolt eV

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Vocabulary or Concept The bending of a wave around an obstruction or through an opening in a barrier diffraction

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Vocabulary or Concept Measure of energy when working with small charges such as an electron. Electronvolt eV

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Vocabulary or Concept The bending of a wave into a new medium when it is transmitted. refraction

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Vocabulary or Concept The change in observed frequency of a wave due to the relative motion of the source and the observer. Doppler Effect

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Vocabulary or Concept When two waves are in the same place at the same time and they superimpose temporarily to form a supercrest or supertrough Constructive interference

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Vocabulary or Concept When two waves are in the same place at the same time and they superimpose temporarily to cancel each other out. Destructive interference

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Vocabulary or Concept A wave that is formed due to reflection off a boundary and forms a pattern of interference which leads to nodes and antinodes Standing Wave

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Vocabulary or Concept The name given to the angle from the normal line as it approaches a boundary between two mediums Incident Angle

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Vocabulary or Concept When light or other transverse wave can be filtered for a specific orientation Polarization

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Vocabulary or Concept When light is given off by an atom as electrons fall between energy levels emission

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Vocabulary or Concept The low point on a wave trough

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Vocabulary or Concept The high point on a wave crest

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Vocabulary or Concept The bouncing of a wave off of a surface at an angle equal to the incident angle Reflection

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Vocabulary or Concept A change in speed or direction of an object with respect to time acceleration

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Vocabulary or Concept A particle made up of three quarks. Baryon

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Vocabulary or Concept The force which causes an object to follow a circular path. Centripetal force

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Vocabulary or Concept A material which allows electrons to flow easily (lots of free electrons) Conductor

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Vocabulary or Concept The base unit for electric charge of a particle. Coulomb

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Vocabulary or Concept The point on a standing wave that undergoes constructive interference Anti-node

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Vocabulary or Concept The term for discrete (non- continuous) energy levels with an atom quantized

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Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Chapter 11.

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Chapter 11.

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