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The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration Ch. 6 Sec. 1 Exploration and Expansion.

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Presentation on theme: "The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration Ch. 6 Sec. 1 Exploration and Expansion."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration Ch. 6 Sec. 1 Exploration and Expansion

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3 Motives and Means 14 th century conquest by the Ottoman Empire made travel to the East by land difficult. 14 th century conquest by the Ottoman Empire made travel to the East by land difficult. Motive’s Motive’s 1. riches and expanded travel. 1. riches and expanded travel. 2. Desire to spread the catholic faith. 2. Desire to spread the catholic faith. 3. Adventure and Glory. 3. Adventure and Glory.

4 3 G’s God God Glory Glory Gold Gold

5 Motives and Means con. Europeans acquired technology from the Arabs. Europeans acquired technology from the Arabs. They took maps that Arabs had made to explore. They took maps that Arabs had made to explore. Europeans were able to build ships that could sail against the wind. Europeans were able to build ships that could sail against the wind.

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7 Imperialism The extension of a nation’s power over other lands. The nation had control over the economic, political, and social lives of their subjects. The extension of a nation’s power over other lands. The nation had control over the economic, political, and social lives of their subjects. Mercantilism - a set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17 th century, it held that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver. Mercantilism - a set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17 th century, it held that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver.

8 The Portuguese Trading Empire Portugal took the lead in European exploration. Portugal took the lead in European exploration. Sailed along the African coast looking for gold. Sailed along the African coast looking for gold.

9 Vasco da Gama

10 Da Gama con. Sailed to India in 1498. Sailed to India in 1498. He took a cargo of spices and returned to make a profit of 3,000%. He took a cargo of spices and returned to make a profit of 3,000%. The route became well traveled. The route became well traveled. Portuguese to the spice trade from the Muslims. (thanks to Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque) Portuguese to the spice trade from the Muslims. (thanks to Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque)

11 The route

12 Voyages to America Portuguese sailed east to reach the spices, the Spanish sailed west to find it. Portuguese sailed east to reach the spices, the Spanish sailed west to find it. Italian Christopher Columbus believed he could make Asia traveling west. Italian Christopher Columbus believed he could make Asia traveling west. 1492- Columbus found Cuba, which he thought was Asia. 1492- Columbus found Cuba, which he thought was Asia.

13 Columbus

14 Columbus con. In his four voyages, he explored Caribbean Islands and Honduras – which he called the Indies. In his four voyages, he explored Caribbean Islands and Honduras – which he called the Indies.

15 Treaty of Tordesillas Spain Portugal Spain Portugal West East West East

16 Amerigo Vespucci Discovered America. (Amerigo) Discovered America. (Amerigo)

17 The Spanish Empire Spanish conquerors of America – conquistadors. Spanish conquerors of America – conquistadors. By 1550, Spain controlled N. Mexico. By 1550, Spain controlled N. Mexico. Queen Isabella declared the natives were her subjects. Queen Isabella declared the natives were her subjects.

18 Spanish con. Forced labor, starvation, and disease took a toll on the Native Americans. Forced labor, starvation, and disease took a toll on the Native Americans. Mexico’s population dropped from 25 million to 3 million after the Spanish arrived. Mexico’s population dropped from 25 million to 3 million after the Spanish arrived.

19 Economic Impact and Competition Economic – Gold, silver, sugar, cotton, dyes, vanilla, and hides from livestock followed into Spain. Economic – Gold, silver, sugar, cotton, dyes, vanilla, and hides from livestock followed into Spain. Eastern spices, jewels, silk, carpets, ivory, leather, and perfumes followed into Portugal. Eastern spices, jewels, silk, carpets, ivory, leather, and perfumes followed into Portugal.

20 Competition 17 century, an English fleet sailed to India and est. trade. 17 century, an English fleet sailed to India and est. trade. The Dutch arrived in India in 1595. The Dutch arrived in India in 1595. Dutch formed the East India Trading Company/ also the West India Trading company for the Americas. Dutch formed the East India Trading Company/ also the West India Trading company for the Americas.

21 Do Not Write Dutch colony of New Netherlands was in modern New York. Dutch colony of New Netherlands was in modern New York. Names like Stanton Island and Harlem come from the Dutch. Names like Stanton Island and Harlem come from the Dutch.

22 Competition The Dutch were kicked out of New Netherlands. The Dutch were kicked out of New Netherlands. French took over Canada French took over Canada English est. a colonial empire along North America’s seaboard. English est. a colonial empire along North America’s seaboard. Colony – settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and gov’t. Colony – settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and gov’t.

23 Review What were the 3 G’s? What were the 3 G’s? What is imperialism? What is imperialism? Who took the lead in European exploration? Who took the lead in European exploration? Who sailed to India in 1498 looking for spices? Who sailed to India in 1498 looking for spices? Who discovered America? Who discovered America? Who established a colonial empire along the eastern seaboard of the America’s? Who established a colonial empire along the eastern seaboard of the America’s?


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