3Motives and Means14th century conquest by the Ottoman Empire made travel to the East by land difficult.Motive’s1. riches and expanded travel.2. Desire to spread the catholic faith.3. Adventure and Glory.
7ImperialismThe extension of a nation’s power over other lands. The nation had control over the economic, political, and social lives of their subjects.Mercantilism - a set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th century, it held that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver.
8The Portuguese Trading Empire Portugal took the lead in European exploration.Sailed along the African coast looking for gold.
10Da Gama con. Sailed to India in 1498. He took a cargo of spices and returned to make a profit of 3,000%.The route became well traveled.Portuguese to the spice trade from the Muslims. (thanks to Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque)
12Voyages to AmericaPortuguese sailed east to reach the spices, the Spanish sailed west to find it.Italian Christopher Columbus believed he could make Asia traveling west.1492- Columbus found Cuba, which he thought was Asia.
17The Spanish Empire Spanish conquerors of America – conquistadors. By 1550, Spain controlled N. Mexico.Queen Isabella declared the natives were her subjects.
18Spanish con.Forced labor, starvation, and disease took a toll on the Native Americans.Mexico’s population dropped from 25 million to 3 million after the Spanish arrived.
19Economic Impact and Competition Economic – Gold, silver, sugar, cotton, dyes, vanilla, and hides from livestock followed into Spain.Eastern spices, jewels, silk, carpets, ivory, leather, and perfumes followed into Portugal.
20Competition17 century, an English fleet sailed to India and est. trade.The Dutch arrived in India in 1595.Dutch formed the East India Trading Company/ also the West India Trading company for the Americas.
21Do Not Write Dutch colony of New Netherlands was in modern New York. Names like Stanton Island and Harlem come from the Dutch.
22Competition The Dutch were kicked out of New Netherlands. French took over CanadaEnglish est. a colonial empire along North America’s seaboard.Colony – settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and gov’t.
23Review What were the 3 G’s? What is imperialism? Who took the lead in European exploration?Who sailed to India in 1498 looking for spices?Who discovered America?Who established a colonial empire along the eastern seaboard of the America’s?