2The part of speech for a word Refer to a dictionaryWhen you want to know:What a word meansHow to spell a wordHow to pronounce a wordThe part of speech for a wordTwo weeks ago we went over some dictionary skills. Let’s review.
3DictionaryThroughout the dictionary you will find many helpful resources along with the definitions, pronunciations, parts of speech, and spelling of the words.We talked about some of these things last time.
4In the Dictionary We talked about: Cross References: See saxophone Usage Guides: InformalSlangCross References-we looked up the word mouthpiece and at the end of the definition it told us to “See saxophone”. When we flipped over to saxophone what did we find? A picture of a saxophone and the mouthpiece was labeled.We talked about Usage Guides and how they tell us if a word is being used in an Informal or Slang way. Turn to page 159 and find the word dough. What is the second meaning and how is it used? 2. (slang) Money
5New Words and New Definitions The English Language is always growing and changing.New words are added every year.Old words often take on additional meanings.We talked about this a little.
6New Entry Wordsin.ter.net (in-tur-net) noun The electronic network that allows millions of computers around the world to connect together. We can access the internet on the school computers.couch po.ta.to (kouch puh-tay-toh)noun (informal) Someone who spends most of his or her time watching television rather than being active.These are 2 new entry words that have been added in recent years. Several years ago there were no computers and certainly no internet for computers to connect together.
7New Additional Meanings mouse (mouss) noun1. A small, furry animal with a pointed nose, small ears, and a long tail. 2. A small control box that you use to move the cursor on your computer screen.rap (rap)1. verb To hit something sharply and quickly.2. noun A type of song in which words are spoken in a rhythmical way to a music background.The traditional definition for mouse is a small, furry animal. The new meaning for mouse is part of your computer.The traditional definition for rap is to hit something sharply and quickly.The new additional meaning for rap is a type of song in which words are spoken in a rhythmical way to a music background.
8Scholastic Children’s Dictionary Now we’re going to take a closer look at this particular dictionary and what it has to offer.
9Scholastic Children’s Dictionary Contains several helpful resources.At the beginning of the dictionary you will find:Pronunciation GuideHow to Use This DictionaryInitials, Acronyms, and AbbreviationsWe mentioned the pronunciation guide last time. Also, there are 2 pages that explain How to Use This Dictionary. There is also a page listing
10Initials, Acronyms, and Abbreviations An initial is a letter, usually followed by a period, that takes the place of a whole word.An acronym is a group of initials that forms another word or phrase.An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, followed by a period.
14Scholastic Children’s Dictionary Throughout this dictionary you will find Word Boxes.Word boxes give you extra information about the origin or usage of a word.
15Word Boxes “About This Letter” “Language Notes” “Prefixes” “Suffixes” “Synonyms”“Word History”There are six kinds of word boxes in this dictionary.
16About This Letter BoxThese boxes appear on the opening page of each new letter. In each one, you will find a fact about that letter or a spelling tip for words containing that letter’s sound.
17Ee About E Example Letter Box E is the most commonly used letter in the English language.In order of use, e is followed by t and then by a, i, s, o, n, h, r, d, l, u, c, m, f, w, y, p, g, b, v, k, j, q, x, and z.
18Language Notes BoxThese boxes tell you more information about the words and grammar that people use to talk and write.
19Language Note ExampleAloha is the Hawaiian word for “love”, so when Hawaiians use aloha to greet someone or say goodbye, they are also wishing the person love. Hawaii’s nickname is the Aloha State.
20PrefixesA word part added to the beginning of a word or root to change the meaning.
21Root WordsA word to which a prefix or suffix is added to make another word.Root word warPrefix preprewar-before the war
22Example Prefix BoxThe prefix bi- adds one of the following meanings to a root word:1. Twice every, as in bimonthly(twice every month).2. Having two, as in bicuspid(a tooth having two points).
23SuffixesA syllable or syllables added at the end of a word or root that changes its meaning.
24Example Suffix BoxThe suffix –est means “most” when added to a root adjective or adverb, as in hottest (most hot), biggest (most big), slowest (most slow).Sometimes the final consonant in the root word is doubled before the –est is added. Always look up the word if you’re not sure how to spell it.
25SynonymsA word that means the same or nearly the same as another word.The word rapid is a synonym for quick.The word naughty is a synonym for bad.
26Example Synonyms Box Synonyms: big Big can describe things, people, ideas, or anything else that has great size or importance: An elephant is a big animal.Large is often used in place of big and refers to anything greater than normal size or quantity: My mom runs a large business with a lot of employees.
27Synonyms Box Continued Immense describes something so big that you can hardly measure or comprehend it. An immense snowstorm blanketed several states with deep snow.Enormous, like immense, means extremely big or large: He gave me an enormous hug.Huge means very large in scope or a very large amount. I had a huge meal.
28Word History BoxesThese boxes tell you information about the history of the word.
29Example Word History Box Spanish explorers had never seen an alligator before they came to the New World. When they encountered one, they thought it looked like a very large lizard. They called it el lagarto, Spanish for “lizard”. Later, when English settlers heard el lagarto spoken fast, they spelled what they heard as alligator.
30Homophones Homophones are sometimes at the end of a definition. hair (hair) noun The mass of fine, soft strands that grow on your head or body or on the body of an animal.Hair sounds like hare.
31Labeled Illustrations Show you the details of objects defined in main entries.Some of the labels in the illustrations are entry words, and others are not.The labels that are not entry words are listed in the Index of Picture Labels on pages 663 and 664.
32Reference SectionThis section contains many helpful references including:Braille and American Sign Language AlphabetGrammar GuidePunctuation GuideIdioms GuideMap of the ContinentsMap of the WorldBraille and Sign Language page 633.Grammar Guide pages 634 and 635.Punctuation Guide pages 636 and 637.Idioms pages 638 and 639.Map of Continents pages 640 and 641.Map of the world 642 and 643.
33Reference Section Flags and Facts: Countries of the World Map of the United StatesMap of U.S. TerritoriesMap of CanadaFacts About the 50 StatesFacts About U.S. TerritoriesPresidents of the United StatesMeasurement TablesFlags and Facts pagesMaps pagesFacts about the 50 states pagesFacts about U.S. Territories and Canadian Provinces and Territories page 657.U.S. Presidents pagesMeasurement Tables page 662.Index of Picture labels pages 663 and 664.
34Great ResourcesTake advantage of the great wealth of information found in dictionaries.Use the Scholastic Children’s Dictionary to utilize all of the terrific features it offers to students.