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AHSGE Review Social Studies. Standard II: The student will understand the formation and development of the United States.

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Presentation on theme: "AHSGE Review Social Studies. Standard II: The student will understand the formation and development of the United States."— Presentation transcript:

1 AHSGE Review Social Studies

2 Standard II: The student will understand the formation and development of the United States.

3 1. What famous English document (signed in 1215 by King John I) was the inspiration for representative government and protection of individual rights? ~ Magna Carta

4 2. Jefferson used this idea by John Locke in the Declaration of Independence, which allows for a people to overthrow its rulers if their natural rights are no longer being protected. ~ Social Contract Theory

5 3. Who was the English philosopher who greatly influenced Jefferson as he wrote the Declaration of Independence? ~ John Locke

6 4. What French philosopher came up with the idea of a three-branch government? ~ Montesquieu

7 5. What religious movement occurred in the 1730s and 1740s in the colonies? ~ Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards

8 6. What was the first meeting called when 12 colonies sent delegates to Philadelphia to discuss problems with the British (and take action)? ~ First Continental Congress, 1774 (55 delegates from 12 Colonies)

9 7. What group called for Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence and called for a Continental Army to deal with the British? ~ Second Continental Congress

10 8. What document was sent to the British informing them of colonial independence? ~ Declaration of Independence

11 8a. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson, July 4, 1776

12 9. What was the first set of laws governing the U.S.? ~ Articles of Confederation

13 10. What famous convention was held to replace the Articles of Confederation with a more centralized government? ~ Constitutional Convention

14 10a. What event in 1787 alerted leaders of many colonies that a strong central government was a necessity? Shay’s Rebellion in Massachusetts

15 11. What was the solution to the problem of representation that created a House of Representatives and the Senate at the Constitutional Convention called? (1787) Great Compromise AKA...Connecticut Compromise Agreement between the Virginia Plan & the New Jersey Plan

16 12. What was the solution to the problem of how to count slaves for representation purposes? Three-fifths Compromise Count 3 out of every 5 slaves for both representation in the House of Representatives and for taxation purposes  3 out of 5 → slaves counted for both tax and representation

17 13. The Constitution allows for power to be shared between the national government and the states. What kind of system is this? Federalism ---- a Federal System The federal government can tax our incomes and the states can tax our purchases and property ↔

18 14. The opening paragraph of the Constitution (We the People...) is called what? The Preamble “We the People of the United States in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

19 15. The Constitution calls for a three- branch government creating a separation of what? Separation of Powers!!! Legislative Branch == Congress Executive Branch == President & Cabinet Judicial Branch == Supreme Court & the lesser Federal Courts

20 16. What is the clause called which gives Congress broad powers? “necessary and proper” clause Aka ==== elastic clause

21 17. A word for word interpretation of the Constitution is called.... Strict construction Meaning a literal interpretation

22 18. A broad interpretation of the Constitution is called.... Loose construction Meaning you add to you interpretation

23 19. Which amendment ended/abolished slavery? 13 th Amendment in 1865 Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 13 th

24 20. Which amendment guarantees protection of the laws for all citizens? 14 th Amendment added in 1868 Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. 14 th

25 21. Which amendment gave the vote to African American males? 15 th Amendment in 1870 Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude-- Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 15 th

26 22. Which amendment gave suffrage/the right to vote to women? 19 th Amendment in 1920 Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 19 th

27 22a. Which amendment protects the freedom to assemble peacefully? First Amendment --- protects freedom of Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and the right to Petition the government. 1 st

28 22b. Which amendment prohibited the manufacture and sell of alcoholic beverages? 18 th Amendment in 1919 and it was repealed in 1933 with the 21 st Amendment In the State of Alabama each county gets to decide whether they are “Wet or Dry” (meaning they can sell alcohol or not) by voting. 18 th

29 23. What were the series of essays written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison encouraging the passage of the Constitution? The Federalist Papers -- 85 essays

30 24. What addition was made to the Constitution giving further protection for individual rights? The Bill of Rights (the first ten Amendments) States were concerned that the Constitution did not spell our protections well enough and 5 of the 9 needed for ratification demanded the Bill of Rights

31 25. Which amendment guarantees freedom of press, religion, speech, petition, and assembly? 1 st Amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 1 st

32 26.What two political parties emerged after the debate over ratification of the Constitution? Federalist Democratic Republicans (aka.. Anti-Federalist) First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s - 1801 FederalistsRepublicans 1.Favored strong central government. 2."Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. 3.Encouragement of commerce and manufacturing. 4.Strongest in Northeast. 5.Favored close ties with Britain. 6.Emphasized order and stability. 1.Emphasized states' rights. 2."Strict" interpretation of the Constitution. 3.Preference for agriculture and rural life. 4.Strength in South and West. 5.Foreign policy sympathized with France. 6.Stressed civil liberties and trust in the people

33 27. Who developed the economic plan for the United States during the 1790s? Alexander Hamilton the first Secretary of the Treasury

34 28. Who warned the Americans about competing political parties in his farewell address in 1797? George Washington gave 3 warnings: Avoid entangling alliances Political parties and sectionalism divide the nation Focus on domestic issues

35 29. Who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court for 34 years and helped shape a powerful national government? John Marshall

36 30. What famous Supreme Court ruling established judicial review? Marbury v. Madison, 1803 Judicial Review = the ability of the court to rule on whether or not a law is constitutional William Marbury sued James Madison for an appointment as a justice of the peace to the Supreme Court using the Judiciary Act (original jurisdiction); Marshall ruled that the Judiciary Act was Unconstitutional and therefore Marbury could not get the appointment

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