Presentation on theme: "Bellringer Name 2 inventors and their inventions that will be discussed in this section."— Presentation transcript:
1BellringerName 2 inventors and their inventions that will be discussed in this section.
2Chapter 13 Mass Society and Democracy Section 1The Growth of Industrial Prosperity
3The Second Industrial Revolution The new industrial frontiers of the 1800s:SteelChemicalsElectricityOil
4New Products Between 1870 and 1914 steel replaced iron. New methods for shaping steel made it possible to build lighter, smaller, and faster machines, engines, railroads, and more.
5New ProductsBy 1913 Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Germany were producing an astounding 32 tons of steel a year.
6New ProductsThe new energy from electricity was valuable because it was convertible into heat, light, and motion.
7New ProductsBy 1910 hydroelectric power stations and coal-fired steam generating plants allowed houses and factories to have a single, common power source.Early European plant
8Inventors Using Electricity Thomas EdisonLight Bulb
9Inventors Using Electricity Alexander Graham BellTelephone
10Inventors Using Electricity Guglielmo MarconiFirst radio waves across the Atlantic
11Streetcars & SubwaysBy the 1880s streetcars and subways powered by electricity appeared in European cities.1st streetcar in Europe
12Internal Combustion Engine The development of the internal combustion engine provided a new power source for transportation and new kinds of transportation:What kind of transportation you ask???Ocean linersAirplanesAutomobile
15New PatternsIncreased sales of manufactured goods caused industrial production to grow.Wages increased after 1870.Reduced transportation costs caused prices to fall.Urban department stores put many consumer goods up for sale.
16New PatternsSome European countries did not benefit from the Second Industrial Revolution.Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belguim, France, among others had a high standard of living.British NetherlandsBelgium France
17New PatternsSpain, Portugal, Russia, Austria-Hungary, the Balkans, and southern Italy were agricultural and much less wealthy.They provided the industrialized nations with food and raw materials.
18Toward a World Economy There developed a true world economy in Europe. Goods came InCapital invested abroad
19Organizing the Working Classes Industrial workers formed socialist political parties and unions to improve their working conditions.
20Karl Marx Karl Marx developed the theory socialism was based on. 1848 – The Communist Manifesto
21The Communist Manifesto Spoke out against industrial working conditions and blamed capitalism.Proposed a new social system.One form was called Communism.
22Karl Marx Beliefs on Industry World history was a history of class struggle b/w oppressing owners and oppressed workers.Oppressors controlled politics and gov’t.Gov’t is an instrument of the ruling class.
23Karl Marx Beliefs on Society Believed that society was divided b/w the bourgeoisie (middle-class opressors) and the proletariat (working-class oppressed), each hostile toward the other.Predicted the conflict would result in a revolution in which the proletariat would violently overthrow the bourgeoisie and form dictatorship.The revolution would produce a society w/o classes and class conflict.
24Socialist PartiesGerman Social Democratic Party (SPD), 1875, was the most important working class party.Worked to pass laws for improving conditions of the working classBecame Germany’s largest party in 1912 and received 4 million votes.
25Socialist Parties Emerged in Europe as well. 1889 various leaders formed the Second International.Dedicated to fight worldwide capitalism.
26Division of MarxistsPure Marxist looked to overthrow capitalism violently.Other Marxists, revisionists, rejected the revolutionary program and argued to work with other parties for reforms.Democratic rights would help workers achieve their goals.
27Trade UnionsTrade unions worked for evolutionary, not revolutionary, change.1870s – Great Britain unions won the right to strike.Trade Union workers used the strike to achieve their goals.
28Trade UnionsBy 1900 two million workers were in British trade unions. By 1914 there were four million, and trade unions had made great progress toward improving conditions.
29Review 1. What were the new frontiers of the 1800s? 2. Who invented the following?TelephoneLightbulbRadio waves across the AtlanticAirplane
30Review ctd… 3. Leader of the Socialist movement? 4. Most important socialist working class party?
31Next: Section 2 The Emergence of Mass Society End of Section 1Next: Section 2The Emergence of Mass Society