Presentation on theme: "UN Regional Commission 57 countries Working Parties with global outreach UNECE is the Centre of International Transport Agreements Where governments make."— Presentation transcript:
UN Regional Commission 57 countries Working Parties with global outreach UNECE is the Centre of International Transport Agreements Where governments make decisions
Why a worldwide regulatory framework for vehicles is needed Why a worldwide regulatory framework for vehicles is needed? Road safetyRoad safety SecuritySecurity Energy consumption and the environmentEnergy consumption and the environment Road Transport Governments regulated, in the past, these impacts by national legislation. Crucial need to update regulations constantly to cover new technologies and to harmonize internationally the technical requirements
LAW CREATOR (WP29) ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE DRIVER PTI MANUFACTURERS SERVICE GOVERNMENT TECHNICAL SERVICE Me MY BOSS Type approval System (1958 Ag) or UNGTR (1998 Ag) Periodical technical Inspection (1997 Ag) UNECE/WP.29 aims at simplifying and harmonizing worldwide requirements for vehicle safety through its Agreements WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ROAD VEHICLE SAFETY ?
The 1958 Agreement on the construction of new vehicle (1959): 132 Regulations continually updated to align with technical progress The 1998 Global (Parallel) Agreement on global technical regulations (2000): 14 Global Technical Regulations The 1997 Agreement on periodical technical inspections of vehicle in use(2001): Rule No. 1 on emissions of pollutants Rule No. 2 for Roadworthiness
General Safety Passive SafetyActive Safety Passive safety (GRSP) Pedestrian protection Frontal/lateral impact protection Child restraint Truck cab strength General Safety (GRSG) Safety of wheelchair users in buses & coaches Glazing materials Rear view mirrors Pollution and Energy (GRPE) Noise (GRB) Lighting and light- signalling (GRE) Brakes and running gear (GRRF) World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) Environmental protection > 40 non-permanent technical groups Committee for the 1958 Agreement (AC.1) Committee for the 1998 Agreement (AC.3) Committee for the 1997 Agreement (AC.4) Committee for Coordination of Work (AC.2)
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems – Electronic Stability Control Systems – Cruise Control – On Board Diagnostic – Adaptive Front-Lighting Systems – Brake assist systems (BAS) – Lane Departure Warning system (LDW) – Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS)
Save up to 2500 lives a year, speed up emergency response times by 40% in urban areas and 50% in the countryside (EU) Voluntary approach would not lead to a fast widespread eCall deployment, rather to services limited to some (high end) vehicles initially. New acronyms designated for marketing purpose for tech solutions could create confusion for users & prevent a future performance-based approach. Need of fully interoperability of positioning systems (e.g. ERA-GLONASS, GPS, Galilelo) & of mobile telephone networks WP.29 agreed in June 2013 to develop a UN Regulation by Oct. 2014 applicable worldwide
The UN Regulation on eCall within UNECE/WP.29 is being developed by countries promoting eCall systems,in cooperation with the manufacturers
WP.29 at its June 2013 session established a new informal working group (IWG) on Automatic Emergency Call System (AECS) chaired by the Russian Federation. Task of the IWG : Develop a UN Regulation (in the framework of the 1958 Agreement), Target completion October 2014, Technologically neutral provisions for AECS applicable worldwide. The UN Regulation would be implemented in national legislation on e-call after its adoption by WP.29 and entry into force. The UN Regulation would support any Global Navigation satellite system
The draft UN Regulation consists of three parts: Part I: e-Call devices; Part II: installation on vehicles of approved e-Call devices Part III: e-Call system (fully integrated e-Call) Scope: passenger (M1) & small commercial (N1) category of vehicles
Harmonization of Acronyms “e-Call device (AECD)” refers to a device capable of: determination of co-ordinates and direction of motion of a vehicle; Emission of above information in case of severe accident; bilateral voice communication with emergency services through mobile telephone networks. “e-Call system (AECS)” refers to a fully integrated e-Call device.
March 2012 The UN Regulation would be implemented successfully at the global level only if the surrounding vehicle environment is efficient
1.Satisfying environmental and safety regulations on a market- by-market basis is extremely expensive. 2.A UN Regulation will simplify an exceedingly complex global “regulatory arena.” 3.A vehicle certified (T.A.) once, can be marketed everywhere (Principle of mutual recognition of T.A. of 1958 Agreement). 4.Set harmonized technological neutral provisions fostering leverage of costs. 5.An affordable eCall system for all vehicle categories will help to save multiple lives and reduce road fatalities.