Presentation on theme: "Use the pictures below to answer the questions that follow. Write the ratio of ice cream cones to fortune cookies. ________ Write the ratio of fortune."— Presentation transcript:
Use the pictures below to answer the questions that follow. Write the ratio of ice cream cones to fortune cookies. ________ Write the ratio of fortune cookies to total treats. ________ Write the ratio of total treats to ice cream cones. _________
Concrete Models Tape Diagrams Double Number Lines Tables
Refresher! Remember we learned last week that a RATIO is the RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO QUANTITIES There are 3 types of ratios 1.Part to Part 2.Part to Whole 3.Rates
Refresher! Define and give an example of EACH TYPE of ratio in your notes. You have 2 minutes! Part to Part ____________________ Example ______________________ Part to Whole __________________ Example ______________________ Rate _________________________ Example ______________________
Refresher! Define and give an example of EACH TYPE of ratio in your notes. Part to Part: Relates One part of the whole to another part of the whole Example: The ratio of boys to girls in the line Part to Whole: Relates one part of a whole to the whole Example: The ratio of boys to children in the line Rate: Ratio that relates different units Example: Distance compared to time (Miles per hour)
Remember that you can SIMPLIFY a ratio - but the relationship always stays the same Let’s take a closer look at this: A ratio of 3 blue paper clips to 9 red paper clips is written 3:9 Can this ratio be simplified? To what? 1:3 – Divide both 3 and 9 by 3
Partitioning means SPLITTING a unit Let’s look at an example: – Sam bikes 20 miles in 1 hour. Sam’s rate is the same no matter how long or short his bike ride is. Miles _0_ 5 __10___ 20____40 ___ Hours _0__1/4__1/2____1_____2____
Partitioning Miles _0_ 5 __10___ 20____40 ___ Hours _0__1/4__1/2____1_____2____ If Sam’s ride is only 10 miles – how long does it take? – 1/2 hour How do you know? – Because the distance is cut in half – so is the time (keep the ratio the same!) What if Sam’s ride is 5 miles – how long does it take? – ¼ of an hour
Iterating means repeating a unit Let’s look at our example with Sam: Miles _0_ 5 __10___ 20____40 ___ 60___80 Hours _0__1/4__1/2____1_____2____3____4 Sam bikes 20 miles in 1 hour. So if Sam bikes 40 miles how long will it take? 2 hours because the distance doubled, so does the time What if Sam bikes 80 miles? 4 hours because the distance was 4 times greater – so is the time
Musical Chairs! When the music stops – quickly find your seat The last person standing will answer a question on ratios! The last person standing will answer a question on ratios! Ready, set, go!
Concrete Models There are many different ways of drawing/representing ratios A concrete model uses pictures to represent each quantity in the ratio Example: 2 eggs for every 1 cup of milk
Concrete Models Example: 2 eggs for every 1 cup of milk Now, iterate to show the ratio for 6 eggs 6 eggs for every 3 cups of milk
Tape Diagram A tape diagram looks like a piece of tape and shows the relationship in a given ratio It is also called: – Strip diagram – Bar model – Fraction Strip – Length model
Tape Diagram Tape diagrams work very well to show PART to PART and PART to WHOLE ratios Example: School A has 500 students, which is 2 ½ times as many students as School B. How many more students attend school A? School A School B
Tape Diagram - Example Keenan has 25 homework assignments per week. Of the 25, five of the assignments are for math and the other assignments are for other subjects. In 125 total assignments, how many non-math assignments does Keenan have? 1.Draw a tape diagram by making a bar to indicate the total number of assignments. Partition off five assignments and label them math. 2.What is the ratio of math assignments to total assignments each week? » 5:25 XXXXX
Tape Diagram - Example Keenan has 25 homework assignments per week. Of the 25, five of the assignments are for math and the other assignments are for other subjects. In 125 total assignments, how many non-math assignments does Keenan have? What is the ratio of math assignments to total assignments? 25:125 How many assignments are non-math? 100 Other assignments to total assignments? 100:25 Math assignments to other assignments? 25:100 Turn and talk: Which ratio was needed to solve this problem? Why?
You have 10 minutes to complete the Independent Practice worksheet. Raise your hand if you have questions or need help.
1. For every two peonies in a flower arrangement there are three gardenias. There are 15 flowers in the flower arrangement. How many flowers are gardenias? 2. For every piece of broccoli Devaunte eats, his mother will give him half of a Chips Ahoy cookie. How many pieces of broccoli does Devaunte need to eat to get three Chips Ahoy cookies? 3. Read the problem below. Then choose the correct ratio to solve the problem. In his garden, Mr. Warshawer has two cucumbers for every six cherry tomatoes. In the garden, there are currently 80 vegetables (cucumbers and cherry tomatoes) growing. How many of the vegetables are cucumbers? a. 2 : 6b. 6 : 2c. 2 : 8d. 6 : 8