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Applications of Integration Hanna Kim & Agatha Wuh Block A

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Disk Method Intro Disk Method is in many ways similar to cutting a rollcake into infinitely thin pieces and adding all of them together to find out the volume of the whole.

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Delving into Disk Method Disk = right cylinder Volume of disk= (area of disk) * (width of disk)=πr 2 w Integration is simply an addition of infinitesimally thin disks in a given interval. Demonstration of how the whole volume is computed by the addition of smaller ones

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Disk Method Integration Horizontal Axis of Revolution Vertical Axis of Revolution πr 2 =Area of Circle

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The area under the curve y is rotated about the x-axis in the interval [-π/2, 3π/2]. Find its volume. Disk Method Example

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Washer Method Intro Washer’s method is an extension of disk method. However, the difference is that there is a hole in the middle just like a bamboo or a collection of CDs!

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Washer=a disk with a hole Using this method is to find out an area of washer by subtracting the smaller circle from the bigger circle and then adding all the washers up. Delving into Washer Method

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Washer Method Integration

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Washer Method Example The region bounded by y=-5(x-3) 2 +8 and y=sin x +2 is revolved around the x-axis. Find its volume. Find points of intersection 1. Graph the two equations. 2. Press 2nd Trace or Calc 3. Press 5: intersect 4. Identify the two different graphs. 5. Done!

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Washer Method Example Outer circle Inner circle

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Shell Method Intro Shell Method is like “unrolling” a toilet paper and adding up the infinitely thin layers of paper.

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Delving into Shell Method Volume of shell= volume of cylinder-volume of hole=2πrhw 2π(average radius)(height)(thickness) 2πrh=circumference*height =Area of cylinder without the top and bottom circles of the cylinder

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Shell Method Integration

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Shell Method Example The region bounded by the curve, the x-axis, and the line x=9 is revolved about the x-axis to generate a solid. Find the volume of the solid. (9,3) radiusheight The integral is in terms of y because y is parallel to the axis of rotation.

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Shell Method Example Constant multiple rule Evaluate from 0 to 3 Answer units 3

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Section Method Intro The section method is like cutting a loaf of bread into different slices and adding those slices up.

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Utilizing simple area equation of the cross section. Formula is applicable to any cross section shape Most common cross sections are squares, rectangles, triangles, semicircles, trapezoids Delving into Section Method

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Section Method Integration Cross section taken perpendicular to the x-axis Cross section taken perpendicular to the y-axis

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Section Method Example The solid lies between planes perpendicular to the y-axis at y=0 and y=2. The cross sections perpendicular to the y-axis are half circles with diameters ranging from the y-axis to the parabola The integral is in terms of y because the cross sections are perpendicular to the y-axis.

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Section Method Example Constant multiple rule 1/2 πr 2 =half circle Evaluate Simplify units 3 Answer

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Shell Method VS. Disk Method

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How Can We Distinguish? For disk method, the rectangle (disk) is always perpendicular to the axis of revolution For shell method, the rectangle is always parallel to the axis of revolution.

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Works Cited http://library.thinkquest.org/3616/Calc/S 3/TSM.html http://library.thinkquest.org/3616/Calc/S 3/TSM.html http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /shellmethod/2curvesshells.gif http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /shellmethod/2curvesshells.gif http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /sectionmethod/sectionmethod.html http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /sectionmethod/sectionmethod.html http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /washermethod/ http://mathdemos.gcsu.edu/mathdemos /washermethod/

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