Presentation on theme: "The Chinese Civil War & the “Forgotten War” 1944 - 1953."— Presentation transcript:
The Chinese Civil War & the “Forgotten War” 1944 - 1953
Communists Nationalists Led by Mao Zedong Relied on aid from the U.S.S.R. Highly motivated leadership and strong, well-trained guerilla army. Led by Chiang Kai-Shek Relied on aid from the U.S. (~$3 billion) Highly corrupt government Policies often did not merge with his party beliefs
The United States sends military aid, but does not commit troops. Despite attempts, we are unable to negotiate peace.
Republic of China People’s Republic of China
Containment fails! “Domino effect”—Once one nation falls, they will all fall. The U.S. does not recognize the new Communist government in China. Has the U.S. government been infiltrated?
Korea is split after WWII Which conference gives Korea independence? 38 th Parallel marks division between North Korea and South Korea North Korea = Commie South Korea = Democracy
Surprise, surprise – North Korea is occupied by…
North Korea invades South Korea in June 1950.
General Douglas MacArthur counterattacks & forces the North Koreans to the Chinese border.
China joins the fight & forces UN troops back to 38 th parallel. MacArthur pushes Truman to wage full-scale war against China Truman eventually fires MacArthur
The Korean War is a stalemate Costs $67 billion leads to citizens supporting the Republican candidate in the 1952 election (Dwight D. Eisenhower) Increased fear of communist aggression (WE CAN’T EVEN BEAT THEM!)