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The Civil War/Reconstruction. A.Slavery in the _________________ 1. Wilmot Proviso (1846) a. bill in Congress pushed by North to ban slavery in territory.

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Presentation on theme: "The Civil War/Reconstruction. A.Slavery in the _________________ 1. Wilmot Proviso (1846) a. bill in Congress pushed by North to ban slavery in territory."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Civil War/Reconstruction

2 A.Slavery in the _________________ 1. Wilmot Proviso (1846) a. bill in Congress pushed by North to ban slavery in territory _____________________ b. did not pass – showed gap b/t ____________

3 The Civil War/Reconstruction 1. _______________of 1850 a. ______________ in as a __________ state (favored by ____________ b. _____________________ (favored by ____________) i. could be arrested for not helping to capture ______________________ c. NM, Utah Territories vote yes/no – _________________________

4 The Civil War/Reconstruction 3._____________________Act (1854) a. Sen. Stephen Douglas (IL) wanted RR line in Chicago i. wanted to run for President – needed more support in ____________ b. _______________________ would decide slavery in Kan Neb territories c. Overturned _______________________

5 Civil War/Reconstruction B. Increasing Tension 1. ______________ a. many saw slavery as ______________, but were not for full ______________ b. ex-slaves competition for new ____________ 2. ______________ a. attack on __________ and way of life b. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) ______________________

6 Civil War/Reconstruction 3. New Political Parties a. _____________________ (1854) i.______________– anti immigrant party; America for Americans b. _____________ Party (1854) i. anti-slavery Dems, Whigs; northerners; Free-Soilers

7 Civil War/Reconstruction 4. “___________________” (1856) a. pro/anti slavery supporters rushed to new ___________ to win vote on ___________ (______________________) 5. Sumner “______________” (1856) a. _____________ US Senator attacked in Senate by _____________ congressman

8 Civil War/Reconstruction 6. _______________________ (1857) a. slave sued master b. CJ Roger Taney – slaves are ________________, not citizens => no rights c. ___________________can’t take away persons property w/out $  means _______________ can’t ban slavery anywhere =>means Missouri Compromise is ___________________________

9 Civil War/Reconstruction 7. _______________________ Debates (1858) a. Senate election in Il. – b. issue – ______________ in new territories i. Douglas (D) – popular sovereignty ii. Lincoln (R) – no slavery in new ______________________; ok in South (will die out) (“A house divided against itself will not stand.”) c. Douglas won; ________________ became more well known

10 Civil War/Reconstruction 8.____________________ (1859) a. radical _____________ attacked arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, VA b. Brown hanged – became ____________ in North; _____________ in South

11 Civil War/Reconstruction C. _________________ 1. Election of _____________ a. Lincoln(R); Dems split b. Lincoln won every ________ state; no votes from South  South has no _______________ power c. _________________secedes from the Union (South Carolina first) d. form _______________ States of America (Jefferson Davis)

12 Civil War/Reconstruction 2. First Shots a. _________________(1861) i. US fort in Charleston; Confederacy demanded its surrender ii. Pres. _________________ tried to re-supply fort iii. ________________ bomb fort b. Lincoln called for _____________________to put down rebellion =>_____________________ secedes, joined CSA

13 Civil War/Reconstruction D. War – North/Union +’s 1.more _______________ 2.more __________________(war materials, supplies, weapons) 3.more miles of _____ tracks 4.balanced economy – farming, industry 5.more $ in banks 6.working ________________ already South/Confederate +’s 1. ________________ military officers 1.can fight ______________ war 2.____________________ – fighting for way of life

14 Civil War/Reconstruction D. War ( ) 2. _____________________ a.North – ____________________ i. ___________________ Southern coast; control Miss. River; squeeze CSA b.South – _____________ i. war of _____________; wear North down ii. try to get help from Europe

15 Civil War/Reconstruction 3.Key _________________ a.North i. Pres. ____________________ ii. Gen. _________________ iii. Gen. William T. Sherman iv. Col. Joshua Chamberlain b.South i. Pres. _________________ ii. Gen. ___________________ iii. Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson iv. Gen. George Pickett

16 Civil War/Reconstruction 4. New ________________ a. _________________way ahead of style of fighting a.bullets, rifles, artillery shells => will lead to ___________ a.sea battles i. Monitor (Union) – Merrimack (CSA) ii. ________________ ships

17 Civil War/Reconstruction 5. Key _____________ ( ) a. ____________________(1861) i. Union expected quick win; CSA holds on, Union loss (“…there’s Jackson standing like a stone wall.”) b. ___________________ (1862) i. 24,000 casualties  will not be a quick war c. ____________________ (1862) i. bloodiest single day of war ii. _______________ decided to stay out; no help for _____________

18 Civil War/Reconstruction 6. Politics of War a. Congress controlled by __________________ Party a. first ___________________ – to pay for war a. ___________________ - Dems. in Congress against war i. afraid of freed slaves ii. draft riots in NY d. Lincoln ____________________ of presidency i. concern about ______________ states ii. arrests, martial law; writ ________________ suspended

19 Civil War/Reconstruction 7.___________________________ a.Lincoln looking for any advantage to help end war after heavy losses at _____________________ b.slavery helped South’s war effort c.“Radical” Republicans – should free “property” of the South d.Lincoln at first did not believe fed. gov’t had power to end slavery; worried about _________________________ e.Emancipation Proclamation (1863) i. freed slaves in __________________ _________________against Union (where is that?) => gave war a __________________ purpose in the North

20 Civil War/Reconstruction 8. Key ____________( ) a.__________________ (east) i. worst battle of war ii. __________________ (disaster for Confederacy/Lee) => __________ victory – __________________ iii. Gettysburg Address - Lincoln: “Fourscore and seven years ago…” - remind country of the _____________ of the war

21 Civil War/Reconstruction b. _________________ (west) i. __________ ordered siege of city ii. Confederate army surrendered – ________________ iii. ____________ took charge of all the ______________ Army c. Sherman’s _______________________ i. Siege of ______________ ii. Union Army burned city iii. Union march to destroy South, break _________ to fight

22 Civil War/Reconstruction E.Election of __________ 1.Lincoln (R) – McClellan (D) a.Lincoln chose __________________ (D-Tn) as running mate a. Lincoln behind until Union captured _____________ – end of war close a. Lincoln won election b. proposed/passed _______________________ – ended slavery

23 Civil War/Reconstruction F.End of the War (1865) 1. Lee-Grant met at ____________________ (VA.) a. Lee ________________ 2. Lincoln _______________ by John Wilkes Booth (southerner) a. VP __________________ (D) became president

24 Civil War/Reconstruction A. _____________________ ( ) => ________________ after the war 1. Results of War a. Southern _____________ ruined - plantation owners wiped out; poor whites w/no jobs a. ___________ of men gone a.4 million slaves _______

25 Civil War/Reconstruction 2. _____________________Plans A. ________________ (10% Plan) i. _____________ Confederates who took oath of allegiance to Union ii. allowed state back into Union after 10% took _________ ; new state constitution – did not have to guarantee voting rights for blacks iii. _____________________ toward South (“With ___________ toward none; with charity for all”) - “Forty Acres and a Mule”: plan to give land to freed slaves

26 Civil War/Reconstruction b. _______________ Plan i.__________________ -(Thaddeus Stevens) wanted __________ plan on South; some __________________ for blacks ii. bill vetoed by Lincoln

27 Civil War/Reconstruction c. _______________________ (Presidential Plan) Andrew Johnson (D) - Southerner, ex-slave owner i. ____________ Southerners who took oath to Union ii. did ______need 10% to take oath for state to get back in iii. more _____________ to South - “Forty Acres…” – ordered land returned to plantation owners

28 Civil War/Reconstruction - As _____________ states came back in, new gov’ts passed new _______ to restrict ex- slaves _______________ => __________________ (“legalized” slavery) - _______________ upset w/Black Codes and Johnson’s reconstruction plan

29 Civil War/Reconstruction 5. ____________ Reconstruction a. _____________ started to pass new laws to _______ freed slaves i.__________________ -______________ program to _______ freed slaves, poor whites

30 Civil War/Reconstruction ii. ______ Amendment (1868) -all persons born in US are are __________ ; have equal protection iii. ______ Amendment(1869) -can’t be denied right to ______ based on race, color iv. Reconstruction Act -_____________ sent to South; military rule -__________ must guarantee equal rights, vote for blacks

31 Civil War/Reconstruction 6. Congress and President a.______________ (1868) i._______________ voted to impeach Johnson for breaking minor law (real reason was ____________ – Reconstruction; Dem v. Rep) ii. Senate voted _____ guilty

32 Civil War/Reconstruction 7. Election of 1868 a. __________ (R) – elected; Congress/President more together a. most blacks in South voting for _________________ a. first African-Americans elected to ________________ a. ___________________ – northerners moving South to make $ i. Scalawags – southern whites voting for Republicans; seen as traitors in South

33 Civil War/Reconstruction 8. New _____________ a. farming – need workers i.____________________ – work piece of land for owner in exchange for % of crops, house - sharecropper almost always stayed in ___________ ii. ____________________ – rented land iii. new emphasis on ______ crops iv. cycle of _____________ for blacks/poor whites

34 Civil War/Reconstruction 9. End of ______________ a. people getting tired of Reconstruction a.______ (1866) – ex soldiers i. intimidated blacks/whites who supported _____________________ c. __________________ – more Dems. elected; reversing changes, civil rights

35 Civil War/Reconstruction d. Compromise of 1877 ( ____________________ Compromise) i. Election of ______________ (R) lost popular vote; electoral vote disputed - Congress set up a _________ ii. Dems. gave disputed electoral votes to ______________ iii. new pres. agreed to remove ______________________________ iv. _________ of Reconstruction - Dems. take over South (Solid South) - Start of new period of _____________________ => ________________ South

36 Civil War/Reconstruction Big Question What was the effect of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the ____________ of the __________________ government? ________________ => supremacy of the federal gov’t over states


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