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1950’s-1960’s. 1950’s I. Cold War at ______________ A. Red ___________________ 1. Pres. Truman accused of being soft on _______________________ 2. House.

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Presentation on theme: "1950’s-1960’s. 1950’s I. Cold War at ______________ A. Red ___________________ 1. Pres. Truman accused of being soft on _______________________ 2. House."— Presentation transcript:

1 1950’s-1960’s

2 1950’s I. Cold War at ______________ A. Red ___________________ 1. Pres. Truman accused of being soft on _______________________ 2. House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) (1947) a. investigate possible _______________influence in _______________________ b. The ______________ – list of writers, actors, not allowed to work

3 3. ____________________ Spy Case a. State Dept. official accused of spying for USSR 4. ____________________ Spy Case a. Julius/Ethel Rosenberg convicted of ______________________ 1950’s

4 5. _____________________ Hearings a. US __________________ claimed to have names of known ______________working in gov’t; no evidence b. turned into a witchhunt (____________________) c. televised hearings d. lost support when he accused _______ personnel

5 1950’s IV. Cold War Spreads/ ___________________ A. Key Events a. _________ Airlift (1948) b. __________ Plan (1949) c. _________ tested atomic bomb (1949) d. ______ tested hydrogen bomb (1952) e. _______ tested H-bomb

6 1950’s B. New ______________________ 1. ____________________ a. Replaced containment b. US would use any force to keep peace (nuclear weapons) c. go to the “_________” of war to stop war 2. USSR responded by building more ______________________

7 1950’s 3. US prepared for _____________ a. ______________drills in schools b. _______________ in backyards 4. balance of terror a. Mutually Assured Destruction (__________) b. US/USSR had enough weapons to destroy each other => so neither want to start a war 5. ___________________ a. USSR response to ____________ b. military alliance of Soviet Union and ___________________ European countries

8 1950’s C. Cold War in the _____ 1. USSR tested first _____ to deliver nuclear warhead (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) 2. _______________ a. USSR used ICBM to put first unmanned ________________ in space/orbit

9 1950’s b. ____________ scared US - ________________ in space race and technology  $ millions into ________, ____________ education 3. U-2 Spy Plane Incident a. US spy plane shot over _____________ b. increased ____________ b/t ____________________

10 1950’s V. Cold War ___________ A. Entertainment 1. books/movies had new “bad” guys  __________________ 2. Invasion of the Body Snatchers a. peak of ____________________

11 1950’s VI. 50’s at ________________ A. Post-War America 1. __________________ a. $ for school, business, job training 2. Growth of _____________ a. baby boom, GI Bill, Interstate Highway Act helped lead to a ______________________ b. ________________ (NY) – ______________ methods applied to home-building

12 1950’s 3. Consumer Economy a. lots of ________ to spend b. big demand for ________, appliances, ___________ c. Strikes caused some problems – steel, coal d. Taft-Hartley Act i. hurt __________________ 4. Politics of the 50’s a. _________________ Party dominated the South (“__________________”)

13 1950’s VII. The ______________ Dream A. Business 1. fast food – ____________________ B. Life in the Suburbs 1. ____________ (1946-64) 2. new medicines for kids a. Dr. Jonas Salk – _______ vaccine

14 1950’s 3. role of _________________ a. _____________ glorified homemakers, moms b. some rebelled against _______________ roles i. The _____________ Mystique (Betty Friedan) 4. more _____________ time a. 40 hr work week; ________________ b. spectator sports c. Girl/Boy Scouts, __________________

15 1950’s 5. ____________ Culture a. suburbs made car a ________________ b. _________________________(Eisenhower) i. helped tie country together 6. Consumer Culture in Suburbs a. first ____________________in the 50’s b. new products – stereo’s, pools, __________

16 1950’s VIII. Pop Culture A. _________________________ 1. “Golden Age” of ____________________ a. variety shows, westerns, sports, I Love Lucy b. fads – ________________, silly puddy c. TV showed one America- _______________________________ 2. movies a. stereo sound, _________________

17 1950’s B. _______________________ 1. _______________ Movement a. artists, poets, youth against suburban lifestyle, ________________________ b. _____________ – Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac 2. _________________________ a. new music b. Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Bill Haley, ______________________

18 1950’s IX. Other Side of the ________________________ A. Urban Poor 1. _________________________________ a. whites left cities for _________________ b. ___________________ continued to Northern cities c. cities lost jobs=>lost tax $ - less services 2. poor couldn’t afford suburbs or weren’t welcome a. _____________ segregation – by custom, tradition b. _____________ segregation – by law

19 1960’s

20 I. The _____________________ A. Election of 1960 1. Kennedy (D) defeated Nixon (R) a. JFK was first _______________ president i. some afraid of Pope/Catholic Church in _________________ b. big issue – national defense; _________________________ c. first _________________ debate i. image matters now c. “Ask not what your ___________ can do for you, ask what you can do for your _________________.”

21 1960’s B. Kennedy – ___________ 1. ________________ Invasion a. Communist revolution in _______ – Fidel Castro b. supported by _________ c. US (_______) planned a secret __________ of Cuba using Cuban exiles d. JFK ok’ed plan – was a _________________

22 1960’s 2. Cuban ______________________ a. _________ put nuclear missiles in ___________ b. WWIII? c. US put up ___________ to stop Soviet ships going to Cuba d. ___________ backed down (“We were eyeball to eyeball, and the other fellow just blinked.”)

23 1960’s 3. _____________ Crisis a. steady flow of people from _______ Berlin to ___________ Berlin b. embarrassment for ___________ c. started building barrier along border => __________________

24 1960’s C. The _______________ 1. JFK’s ______________ policies 2. __________________ a. volunteer program to work in poor countries

25 1960’s 3. ______________________ a. ________ – first to put man into space b. JFK announced plan to put man on the ________ by the end of the decade c. more $ for ______________ d. ___________________ – first American in space e. ___________________ – first American to orbit Earth f. ____________________ – first man to walk on the moon

26 1960’s D. End of Camelot 1. 1963- JFK _________________ in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald II. Lyndon Johnson (LBJ) A. The _________________________________ 1. domestic programs to build on _____________________ 2. War on ______________________________ a. Head Start – preschool programs b. ___________________________ – health insurance for ___________________________ 3.___________________ programs (gov’t benefits) became biggest part of gov’t ____________________________

27 1960’s III. Legal Reforms A.____________________ Cases ( Chief Justice Earl Warren ) 1. _____________________ a. evidence found illegally can’t be used in court (_________________________) 2. ______________________ a. right of accused to have ______________ provided 3. ______________________ a.suspects must be read their __________ B. ______________________ 1. poll tax unconstitutional


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