Presentation on theme: "Objective: Explain... How we calculate energy Where our body gets energy What ways our body uses energy."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: Explain... How we calculate energy Where our body gets energy What ways our body uses energy
Energy Review Energy is the ability to do work Energy can be calculated by The units of Energy are Joules or calories Q=cmΔT
How many calories does the average person need to take in each day? 2 million!
Calorie vs. calorie? Is it!!?? 1 Calorie = 1,000 calories (or 1 kilocalorie)
How do we measure energy? What did we do in our Crash lab? We measured the amount of heat the water in the can absorbed as the fuel burned.
Bomb Calorimeter But the food industry determines how many calories food has using a…
How does it work? *The food burns in the “steel bomb” and heat is released. *The water absorbs the heat. *We can measure the temperature rise in the water and calculate the amount of heat absorbed.
What are the advantages of using a Bomb Calorimeter over the can method? The water absorbs nearly all the heat – virtually none is lost to the surroundings. You have water that won’t evaporate during the experiment nor warm or cool from the surrounding air.
How many Calories do you need? http://www.bmi-calculator.net/bmr-calculator/ … and type in your height, approximate weight, age, and gender. That is your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR). Go to…
How are our Calories used? What are some basic life functions that require Calories and how many Calories do YOU need just to do that? What other ways do we use Calories?
So where do we get our calories? From our Food! (We can’t get it directly from the sun like plants)
Carbohydrate = 4 Calories (sugars are a type of carbohydrate) Fats = 9 Calories Protein = 4 Calories Calorie conversion
Carbohydrate = 4 Calories Fats = 9 Calories Protein = 4 Calories 25 X 4 = 100 Calories from carbohydrates 12g X 9 = 108 Calories from fat 4g X 4 = 16 Calories from protein Total = 224 Calories Why is our total more than the 220 reported on the label? Let’s read the label and calculate!
Macromolecule Science Fair! Task: Your task today is to develop an informational poster for kids, describing one of the following macromolecules: Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids/Fats
Your poster must answer the following questions… 1. What does the macromolecule look like? What elements are present? 2. What does the body use it for? 3. How many Calories per gram are there? (kcal/g) 4. How much should be consumed daily? 5. What are some of the different types? 6. What types of food contain a lot of your macromolecule? 7. List three interesting facts.
Gallery Walk! Use the note sheet provided to guide you through your gallery walk. Be sure you understand what you are reading! If not, ask the experts! Use the note sheet provided to guide you through your gallery walk. Be sure you understand what you are reading! If not, ask the experts!