2 Era of Good Feeling ENDS Corrupt Bargain (1824)____________ (Dem-Republican) (reform and expansion) (South and West)____________ (Republican)___________ (Republican) (architect of the ___________/ _________________)___________ (National - Republican) (Northeast)*__________________appeared as Vice President for Both Adams and JacksonStory: Electoral College was not won and the popular vote went to Jackson(followed by Quincy Adams, Crawford then Clay)Henry Clay (Speaker of the House) (12th Amendment) had to appointfrom the top 2 vote getters- Secret Meeting = Clay and Adams (no proof)Clay Appoints Quincy Adams as President and, in return, Clayis appointed __________________Benefit: history shows 3 of 4 secretary of states became PresidentAppearance: John Quincy Adams “___________” Henry Clay and angry Jacksonians claimed Quincy Adams had stolen the Presidency
3 John Quincy Adams as President: 1824-1828 John Q. Adams’ Platform______________(2) _______________(3) __________________*all promoted by rising tariffs / Benefit to ____________________________(2) ________________________(suffrage)/ enlarging the voting population*****BEFORE = ownership of _______ proved you could vote!Left out: _______________________________________Less requirements for voting = the ability for certain groups to express opinions!In turn – larger voter population***** This fell into the lap of Andrew Jackson – since he was for the “______________________ or the poor statesman”Success in 1828 for Jackson “___________________”election is considered the first Modern Presidency Election (kissing babies and shaking hands, mudslinging, parades, bbqs, buttons, etc.). Adams was reserved and cold-hearted…Jackson was the opposite
4 Jackson as President in 1828 ____________________ “OLD HICKORY” – nicknamed due to his sturdiness, loyalty, and roughness*********SPOILS SYSTEM********to throw out former appointees and replace them with personal friends! (from Q. Adam’s presidency)Support for Jackson – get a job!“To the Victor Belong the Spoils” – meaning if you win the Presidency, you can do WHATEVER you want!“_____________________”**** No longer an issue in the U.S because of the______________________________– most significant and pressured legislationPassed in the _________(corruption) age of American history.- P.C.A. = government jobs are based on a “______________”Rationale / defense for the Spoils System:(1) ___________________________________________(2) Assured loyalty to the president(3) ___________________________________________“Throw their rascals out, and out our rascals in”*Most famous victim: ________________– Customs Collector in New York, left for England with his accounts more than a million dollars short
5 Rising Tariffs and South Carolina Exposition Originally known as ____________________, after years of raising this tariff, the South began to resent the North, the rich, and the Federal government.Benefits/Reactions / Drawbacks:NORTH = __________________________________________________________SOUTH = Forced the South to buy ________________from the NorthProtests: Flags flown at half-mast (_________________________)WEST = Rising property values / _____________________South Carolina ExpositionSecretly written by ______________________(VP of Andrew Jackson) –strengthened the _________________________________resolutions!This pamphlet urged _______________________Leads to what is known as the ____________________________IMPORTANT: Never used “_______________” but ConfederacyTension rises between Jackson and Calhoun
6 Jackson and Congressional response to Nullification and S.C. Expo. Andrew Jackson threatens to “HANG” Southern leaders if their people DO NOT pay into the Tariff (tax) / start war on his own____________________________________(*)The “_______________” will _______________ after 8 years (North gets what it wants now, but in the end, the South will feel the relief of tariff pressure)The ____________ Bill of 1833 (_____________ BILL)Congress granted power to the _____________ to use any force necessary to collect the “_____________” tax from the South during this “Nullification Crisis”
8 Native Americans Under Washington and ‘then’ Jackson Native American trends / issues under WashingtonWashington:_____________________________________________________Much ______________________for Native Americans“___________________________________” Native Americans*Think of perception to the rest of the world_____________________1787 – _________________________________________________Goal = send missionaries to invest time and God into the lives of IndiansCongressional response: $20,000 for promotion in the advancement of ____________________________________________________
9 Native Americans Under Washington and ‘then’ Jackson During Jackson’s Presidency: 125,000 Indians East of the Mississippi RiverJackson:__________________________ WILL NOT work“_____________” removal / push them West of the Mississippi River / _____________________*Cherokee in Georgia gradually abandoned their lifestyle and adopted the following:(*) Cherokee alphabet, government and cotton planters (assimilation)..leads to the 5 “Civilized” tribes(1)Cherokee (2) Creek (3) Chickasaw (4) Choctaw (5) Seminole
10 Native American and White Settler Relationship Worcester V Native American and White Settler Relationship Worcester V. Georgia (1832)Cherokee Fight Back_________________________________Story: The state of Georgia claims the Cherokee council was illegal and asserted its own jurisdiction over the CherokeeSamuel ______________ (MISSIONARY) refused to move out of Georgia!RESULT OF CASE:The court ruled that the Cherokee nation was a “__________________" with self-government "in which the laws of ______________ will have no force."American Indian affairs are controlled by the _______________________and not the statesJackson’s thoughts on John Marshall’s decision“_____________________________________________________________!”*Tension between President and Supreme Court
11 Indian Removal _______________________(1830) - forced removal of American Indians into __________________Indian removal ( )White “Defense” – this is a gift / you are absolutely “free” of White encroachmentTrail of Tearsfamous trail from Georgia to Oklahoma(4,000 Indians of 15,000 died)________________________(1836) - established to administer relations with Native Americans and White Americans___________________(Location______________________________________)- Sauk and Fox tribes “resisted ____________”while Seminoles escape to the everglades in FloridaCivil War connection: Abraham Lincoln of Illinois and Jefferson Davis of Mississippi.
13 BANK WAR / __________________ Andrew Jackson held the common western view of a ________________________.Jackson DOES NOT HATE ALL BANKS! – just monopolistic ones (BOUS)The B.O.U.S. (Northern) minted “_________________" (actual metal money)Hard Money = ____________________ in the economyThe Southern farmers preferred “____________________" (paper money) that would lead to(1) ______________, and (2) __________________________.Nicholas Biddle (_________________________)B.O.U.S. president carried out bank policies ofcoining hard moneyBanks notes held more value than smaller state banks (Pet Banks)Why does Jackson hate the B.O.U.S????(1) Only helped the privileged(2) B.O.U.S. = unfair to state banks(3) Stockholders earned interest, not average taxpayerClay USES Jackson as a PAWN- re charters the Bank in 1832, HOPING Jackson will reactIF JACKSON VETOES: Alienate the _________________IF JACKSON SIGNS: Alienate the ___________________Jackson’s Action to Bank of the U.S. – VETOES and claimsJackson’s VETO Defense: ___________________________!“The Bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!”*Remember McCulloch V. Maryland*** Initial steps to destroy the Bank of U.S. = Take deposits OUT and put them into “pet” or Wildcat banks (done while Congress was in recess)
14 1832 Presidential Election / Death of Bank of the United States Important Issues_________________is re electedEmergence of the FIRST 3rd Party in American political history (Anti-Masonic / anti-Jackson / Jackson was a Mason )_____________________________= American people voted forParty Candidate / not a back-room shady groupDEATH OF B.O.U.S. = After re election, Jackson begins taking out or withdrawing federal deposits in the B.O.U.S. and places them in “Pet Banks”*_________________________________- used dwindling funds from the BOUS to help pay for government expenses- “_______________________” – Nicholas Biddle quickly withdrew the funds (that he could grab) to cause a panic to show the importance of the bank to the United States!
15 WhigsWhigs – separate, alternative political party that HATED Jackson (Did not like way he handled the bank issues) a) ______________________________________ b) pro _______________ / pro ___________________ c) wants to ___________________ d) absorbed _____________________ e) LOVED the American System, especially Internal Improvements, but the rich should pay for them, not the South! (no new taxes) Deemed Jackson “King Andrew I” 1836 – Martin Van Buren (President) focused on becoming for the “common man” and the claimed the Democrats stood for “Corruption”