Presentation on theme: "8 Common Factors of Civilization"— Presentation transcript:
1 8 Common Factors of Civilization What makes a civilization tick?How do we determine what IS a civilization?
2 CitiesPeople live together in groups and all contribute in some way. Cities serve a function with a common government and organizationExample: Charlotte, NCYou contribute as a student by gaining an education for the futureI contribute as a teacher in order to educate the publicPolice, Firemen, Doctors, Lawyers, Gardeners, etcCan you think of more examples?
4 Organized GovernmentAny government that kept things in check and offered protection to the peopleCreated laws and rules for people to live equally and fairlyGoverned the people to keep them calm, tame, and civilizedWithout this people would do whatever they wanted and the civilization would be in chaos
5 Complex ReligionIt is more than just believing in something, but having rituals and practices for the religionIt is organized religion in which more than a small group of people believe and worship in the same way.It helps the people build morals and guides them spiritually. There are now leaders for the religion and important figures to look up to
6 Job Specialization Every person no longer does EVERY single job… They pick a position that they want to do and get really, really good at it (they become an expert on it)Kind of like going to college nowDifferent people have different jobsThese jobs contributed to the society to help make it better.These jobs were necessary to the growth of society.What does specialize mean?To gain skills that are for a particular purposes. Instead of being “a master of all trades”, you pick one and become the best you can be at it.
7 Job SpecializationWhat are the jobs that allow us to live successfully and safely in today’s society? What are the most necessary?
8 Social Classes Division of classes based on social status MoneyPowerancestorsUse HierarchyThe ones at the top are the smallest group but hold the most powerThe middle is the second largest groupThe bottom is the largest group and holds the least amount of power due to moneySome people born into classes, others can move classes up and down by achievementsWhat is our class system like now?
9 Arts and Architecture The arts go beyond cave painting They are now done beyond what is necessary, they become a form of self expression and beautyArt is created for the purpose of decorating and worshipingIn the past architecture was only the items that were necessaryA very basic home with one room used for all purposes.No additional buildings or creative buildingsNow architecture is becoming very complexDecorative and difficult designsBuildings hold many purposes and there is now a physical building for just about everything (religion, bathing, etc)
10 Before civilizations, the materials used in architecture were very, very limited. They usually consisted of the materials that were available where they were living (H.E.I.)Stone, mud, sticks, etc
11 As civilization starts to develop, they use more varied materials to construct their buildings They also start to add elements of beauty to their architecture such as columns, arches, etcPeriods of history are sometimes described by the type of architecture they had during that time
13 Public Worksstructures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks) constructed at government expense for public useGovernment is taking responsibility for improving the lives of the people by making their lives more convenient through the following…Building of roads, plumbing, irrigation, etc
14 Writing or Written Language Most importantly, you can’t be civilized by historian standards without a written language to pass ideas and historySpoken language comes first (through Homo erectus gathering around the fire and building a community)As time passes and more people are speaking, there becomes a need to turn these spoken words into written words.They begin to do this to record religious documents, and start keeping public records of land ownership