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US War Policy & Pearl Harbor 1939-1941. United States Policy 1939 Neutrality Acts (1939) Issued by Roosevelt after Germany invaded Poland Official statement.

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Presentation on theme: "US War Policy & Pearl Harbor 1939-1941. United States Policy 1939 Neutrality Acts (1939) Issued by Roosevelt after Germany invaded Poland Official statement."— Presentation transcript:

1 US War Policy & Pearl Harbor

2 United States Policy 1939 Neutrality Acts (1939) Issued by Roosevelt after Germany invaded Poland Official statement of neutrality Cash and Carry Provision (1939) Allowed nations to buy American arms as long as they paid in cash and carried supplies home in their ships US Builds a Defense US military was weak following its isolationist period Increased military spending First peace time draft was put in place

3 US Policy Roosevelt’s Reelection in 1940 “No War plank” US would not participate in foreign wars unless attacked Lend-Lease Plan (Early 1941) Replaced the Cash and Carry provision because Britain didn’t have the cash to buy weapons The president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to any country whose defense was vital to the US US becomes known as the “Arsenal of Democracy”

4 US Policy 1941 Atlantic Charter (August 1941) Signed by US (Roosevelt) and Britain (Churchill), establishing the principles of the Allies Main goals The destruction of Nazi tyranny Pledge to support the right for people to choose their form of government (self-determination) Called for a permanent system of general security US had not officially entered the war yet

5 Growing Tensions with Japan Since the late 1930s, Japan had been trying to conquer China They occupied much of eastern China, but the Chinese would not surrender The European war gave Japan an excuse to capture European possessions in Southeast Asia 1940 Japan advanced into French Indochina and the Dutch East Indies In an attempt to stop Japanese aggression, the US banned the sale of war materials to Japan (iron, steel, oil for airplanes)

6 Pearl Harbor Japan and the US held talks to ease the growing tensions Extreme militarists, like General Tojo, were gaining power in Japan The US was interfering with their goal of seizing land in Asia and the Pacific The talks came to a standstill Japan’s general ordered a surprise attack on the American fleet station in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941 Japanese airplanes damaged or destroyed 19 ships and killed more than 2,400 people The following day, President Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan On December 11, Germany and Japan declared war on the United States


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